63rd United States Congress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Sixty-third Congress)
Jump to: navigation, search
63rd United States Congress
62nd ← → 64th
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1915

Senate President: Thomas R. Marshall (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem: James P. Clarke (D)
House Speaker: Champ Clark (D)
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1913 – March 17, 1913
1st: April 7, 1913 – December 1, 1913
2nd: December 1, 1913 – October 24, 1914
3rd: December 7, 1914 – March 3, 1915

The Sixty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1913 to March 4, 1915, during the first two years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Inauguration platform being constructed on the east steps of the U.S. Capitol, ten days before Woodrow Wilson's March 4, 1913 presidential inauguration.

Major legislation[edit]

Constitutional amendments[edit]

  • April 8, 1913: 17th Amendment was ratified, creating a popularly elected U.S. Senate instead of the original process of appointment by state legislatures.

Party summary[edit]

Map showing Senate party membership at the start of the 62nd Congress. Red states are represented by two Republicans and blue by two Democrats. Purple states are represented by one senator from each party.

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Progressive
(P)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 47 0 48 95 1
Begin 49 1 42 92 4
End 53 96 0
Final voting share 55.2% 1.0% 43.8%
Beginning of the next congress 56 0 40 96 0

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL members: 435

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

Skip to House of Representatives, below

Most Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. A few senators were elected directly by the residents of the state. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. Senior senators are listed first.

House of Representatives[edit]

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • replacements: 3
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 3
  • vacancy: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 9
State Senator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
New Hampshire
(2)
Vacant Elected late. Henry F. Hollis (D) March 13, 1913
Illinois
(2)
Vacant Due to US Sen.Lorimer scandal, general assembly refused to seat elected Senator at beginning of term. Compromise was later reached with Governor of Illinois to seat senator to replace Lorimer after another election was called. J. Hamilton Lewis (D) March 26, 1913
Illinois
(3)
Vacant Due to US Sen.Lorimer scandal, general assembly refused to seat elected Senator at beginning of term. Compromise was later reached with Governor of Illinois to seat senator who supported Sen Lorimer. Lawrence Y. Sherman (R) March 26, 1913
West Virginia
(2)
Vacant Elected to seat at beginning of term but delayed installation to continue as judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit Nathan Goff Jr. (R) April 1, 1913
Alabama
(3)
Joseph F. Johnston (D) Died August 8, 1913. Successor was appointed to finish term. Francis S. White (D) May 11, 1914
Maryland
(1)
William P. Jackson (R) Successor was elected. Blair Lee (D) Januar 28, 1914
Georgia
(2)
Augustus O. Bacon (D) Died February 14, 1914. Successor was appointed. William S. West (D) March 2, 1914
Kentucky
(3)
William O. Bradley (R) Died May 23, 1914. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. Johnson N. Camden Jr. (D) June 16, 1914
Georgia
(2)
William S. West (D) Successor was elected. Thomas W. Hardwick (D) November 4, 1914

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 20
  • deaths: 11
  • resignations: 19
  • contested elections: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 15
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor
South Carolina 1st Vacant Rep. George S. Legaré died during previous congress Richard S. Whaley (D) April 29, 1913
Massachusetts 13th John W. Weeks (R) Resigned March 4, 1913 after being elected to the US Senate John J. Mitchell (D) April 15, 1913
Texas 10th Albert S. Burleson (D) Resigned March 6, 1913 after being appointed United States Postmaster General James P. Buchanan (D) April 15, 1913
New Jersey 6th Lewis J. Martin (D) Died May 5, 1913 Archibald C. Hart (D) July 22, 1913
Michigan 12th H. Olin Young (R) Resigned May 16, 1913 while election was being contested William J. MacDonald (Prog.) August 26, 1913
Maine 3rd Forrest Goodwin (R) Died May 28, 1913 John A. Peters (R) September 9, 1913
Maryland 3rd George Konig (D) Died May 31, 1913 Charles P. Coady (D) November 4, 1913
West Virginia 1st John W. Davis (D) Resigned August 29, 1913 after being appointed Solicitor General of the United States Matthew M. Neely (D) October 14, 1913
New York 13th Timothy Sullivan (D) Died August 31, 1913 George W. Loft (D) November 4, 1913
New York 20th Francis B. Harrison (D) Resigned September 1, 1913 after being appointed Governor-General of the Philippines Jacob A. Cantor (D) November 4, 1913
Massachusetts 3rd William Wilder (R) Died September 11, 1913 Calvin Paige (R) November 4, 1913
Georgia 2nd Seaborn Roddenbery (D) Died September 25, 1913 Frank Park (D) November 4, 1913
Iowa 2nd Irvin S. Pepper (D) Died December 22, 1913 Henry Vollmer (D) February 10, 1914
Massachusetts 12th James Michael Curley (D) Resigned February 4, 1914 after being elected Mayor of Boston James A. Gallivan (D) April 7, 1914
New Jersey 7th Robert G. Bremner (D) Died February 5, 1914 Dow H. Drukker (R) April 7, 1914
Alabama 8th William N. Richardson (D) Died March 31, 1914 Christopher C. Harris (D) May 11, 1914
Alabama 3rd Henry D. Clayton, Jr. (D) Resigned May 25, 1914 after being appointed judge for U.S. District Court for Middle and Northern Districts of Alabama William O. Mulkey (D) June 29, 1914
Missouri 12th Leonidas C. Dyer (R) Lost contested election June 9, 1914 Michael J. Gill (D) June 9, 1914
Illinois 4th James T. McDermott (D) Resigned July 21, 1914 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Ohio 14th William G. Sharp (D) Resigned July 23, 1914 after being appointed United States Ambassador to France Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Massachusetts 11th Andrew J. Peters (D) Resigned August 15, 1914 after being appointed Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Massachusetts 10th William F. Murray (D) Resigned September 28, 1914 after being appointed Postmaster of Boston Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Maryland 1st J. Harry Covington (D) Resigned September 30, 1914 after being appointed to serve as chief justice of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia Jesse Price (D) November 3, 1914
New Jersey 9th Walter I. McCoy (D) Resigned October 3, 1914 after being appointed associate justice for the United States District Court for the District of Columbia Richard W. Parker (R) December 1, 1914
Georgia 10th Thomas W. Hardwick (D) Resigned November 2, 1914 after being elected to the US Senate Carl Vinson (D) November 3, 1914
New York 36th Sereno E. Payne (R) Died December 10, 1914 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New York 31st Edwin A. Merritt (R) Died December 14, 1914 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New York 2nd Denis O'Leary (D) Resigned December 31, 1914 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Minnesota 2nd Winfield Scott Hammond (D) Resigned January 6, 1915 after being elected Governor of Minnesota Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Ohio 5th Timothy T. Ansberry (D) Resigned January 9, 1915 after being appointed associate justice of the Ohio Court of Appeals Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Ohio 8th Frank B. Willis (R) Resigned January 9, 1915 after being elected Governor of Ohio Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New Jersey 8th Eugene F. Kinkead (D) Resigned February 4, 1915 after becoming sheriff of Hudson County, New Jersey Seat remained vacant until next Congress

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]