|Population (2005)|
|Time zone||AZT (UTC+4)|
Siyaqut (also, Siyagut and Siyakut) is a village and municipality in the Sharur Rayon of Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan. It is located 10 km in the south-east from the district center, on the Sharur plain. Its population of 1,577 is busy with gardening, vegetable-growing and beet-growing. There are a secondary school, two libraries, club, cultural center, park, mosque and a medical center in the village.
Etymology and history
The settlement was founded by the Azerbaijanis families which moved from the Siyaqut village of South Azerbaijan in the beginning of the 19th century. The name made out from the components of the Iranian words of siya (black) and gut (fortress) means "black fortress".
The village was founded in the 1850s by Assyrian immigrants from Salmas, Persia, and remained the only Chaldean Christian village in the South Caucasus, then under the control of the Russian Empire. Beginning in the 1880s, the priest serving in Siyaqut was ordained by the Roman Catholic bishop.
- ANAS, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (2005). Nakhchivan Encyclopedia. volume II. Baku: ANAS. p. 270. ISBN 5-8066-1468-9.
- Encyclopedic dictionary of Azerbaijan toponyms. In two volumes. Volume I. p. 304. Baku: "East-West". 2007. ISBN 978-9952-34-155-3.
- Brief History of Assyrian Settlement in Russia.
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