Siyaram Tiwari (musician)
Pandit Siyaram Tiwari (10 March 1919 – 1998) was an Indian classical singer and leading exponent of Dhrupad-genre of Hindustani classical music. He belonged to the Darbhanga gharana and was based in Patna. Though Darbhaga gharam is known for its laykari (the play on laya or tempo, using devices such as syncopation) techniques, he was the first exponent of the gharana to promote fast-paced laykari in Dhrupad, which developed in the second half of 20th-century.
In 1971, he was awarded the Padma Shri by Government of India. Thereafter in 1984, he was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship the highest honour conferred by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy of Music, Dance & Drama.
Early life and background
Born in 1919 in Darbhanga, Bihar, he received his training in Dhrupad from his maternal grandfather, of Dharbhanga gharana. Subsequently, his learnt Khyal, Thumri and Bhajan genre from his father Baldev Tiwari.
His singing, gayaki was known for Swara, Meend, Gamak and Laykari. Besides improvisation of complicated Chhand, which allowed him to move from one rhythm pattern to another. He also performed in other genres such as Khyal, Thumri, Tappa and bhajan.
Awards: Padma Shri in 1971, gold medal. From Pres. Dr.Rajendra Prasad 1955, Bihar ratna 1989, tansen award and many other awards by numerous music organisations of India and abroad. performed in concerts all over India, Europe, etc.
Tiwari died in 1998.
- Ritwik Sanyal; D. Richard Widdess (2004). Dhrupad: Tradition and Performance in Indian Music. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 254. ISBN 978-0-7546-0379-5.
- Indurama Srivastava (1 January 1980). Dhrupada: a study of its origin, historical development, structure, and present state. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 141. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- Singh, Kuhu (19 January 1999). "Veterans of classical music entertain Generation X". The Indian Express. Indian Express Group. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- Indian Musicological Society (1999), Journal of the Indian Musicological Society, Indian Musicological Society, p. 37, retrieved 10 July 2013
- "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2009)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 May 2013.
- "SNA: List of Sangeet Natak Akademi Ratna Puraskarwinners (Akademi Fellows)". Official website. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
- India Who's who. INFA Publications. 2000. p. 292. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- on YouTube