Main cave from inside
|Location||Siyot village, Kutch district, Gujarat, India|
The main cave has east facing sanctum, ambulatory and space divisions which suggests a Shiva temple from the first or second century. The cave was used by Buddhists later which can be concluded based on the seals found herein and the traces of Brahmi inscriptions. Other caves are simple single cells which were probably the part of eighty Buddhist caves located near the mouth of Indus river as reported by Xuanzang in seventh century. Local people believes that these caves were used by dacoits to hide things looted from people in past.
The excavation in 1988-89 recovered clay seals engraved with Buddha images in various mudras and seals engraved with late Brahmi and Devnagari inscriptions. Other findings were copper rings, Gadhaiya coins, terracotta Nandi with bell and chain, different types of earthen wares like Surahi. Based on stratigraphic evidence, it is established that the site was occupied by Buddhist before it was again occupied by Shaivaites around twelfth or thirteenth century. The site was repaired after 2001 Gujarat earthquake.
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- Aruna Deshpande (1 November 2013). Buddhist India Rediscovered. Jaico Publishing House. p. 133. ISBN 978-81-8495-247-6.
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