|Two brothers (21 and 25 years old) with generalized dryness of skin with fine scales mainly around the umbilicus and in the flexural folds, one of Sjögren–Larsson syndrome characteristics.|
|Classification and external resources|
|ICD-10||Q87.1 (ILDS Q87.136)|
|ICD-9-CM||757.1 (CDC/BPA 757.120)|
Sjögren–Larsson syndrome (SLS) is an autosomal recessive form of ichthyosis apparent at birth.:485:564 Sjögren–Larsson syndrome is a rare autosomal, recessive, neurocutaneous disease. This disease can be identified by a triad of medical disorders. The first is ichthyosis, which is a buildup of skin to form a scale-like covering that causes dry skin and other problems. The second identifier is spastic paraplegia which is characterized by leg spasms. The final identifier is intellectual delay. The gene of SLS is found on chromosome 17. In order for a child to receive SLS both parents must be carriers of the SLS gene. If they are carriers their child has a ¼ chance of getting the disease. In 1957 Sjogren and Larsson proposed that the Swedes with the disease all descended from a common ancestor 600 years ago. Today only 30–40 persons in Sweden have this disease.
This condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern.
- Dry and scaly skin similar to all other ichtyosiforms (types of ichthyosis).
- Neurological problems – this can often cause mild paralysis in the legs
- Mild to moderate intellectual disability.
- Freedberg, et al. (2003). Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. (6th ed.). McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-138076-0.
- James, William; Berger, Timothy; Elston, Dirk (2005). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. (10th ed.). Saunders. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0.
- Rapini, Ronald P.; Bolognia, Jean L.; Jorizzo, Joseph L. (2007). Dermatology: 2-Volume Set. St. Louis: Mosby. ISBN 1-4160-2999-0.
- Sillén A, Anton-Lamprecht I, Braun-Quentin C, et al. (1998). "Spectrum of mutations and sequence variants in the FALDH gene in patients with Sjögren–Larsson syndrome". Hum. Mutat. 12 (6): 377–84. PMID 9829906. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-1004(1998)12:6<377::AID-HUMU3>3.0.CO;2-I.
- synd/1678 at Who Named It?
- SJOGREN T, LARSSON T (1957). "Oligophrenia in combination with congenital ichthyosis and spastic disorders; a clinical and genetic study". Acta Psychiatr Neurol Scand Suppl. 113: 1–112. PMID 13457946.