Sjöstedt's barred owlet

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Sjöstedt's barred owlet
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Strigiformes
Family: Strigidae
Genus: Glaucidium
Species: G. sjostedti
Binomial name
Glaucidium sjostedti
Reichenow, 1893

Sjöstedt's barred owlet (Glaucidium sjostedti), also known as Sjöstedt's owlet, is a species of owl in the family Strigidae from west central Africa.

Description[edit]

Sjöstedt's barred owlet is a small, owl which has its brown head, neck and upper back densely marked with thin, white bars, while the remainder of the upperparts are deep reddish brown. There is extensive barring on the breast, where many dark brown bars are set against the light cinnamon-brown background colour, the barring becomes more diffuse towards the lower belly and vent. It has a distinctive face, with bold, white eyebrows above the bright yellow eyes. Juveniles resemble the adults, but are generally paler, with a yellow-brown cast to the underparts with faint barring on the upper breast, darkening to become chestnut around the throat.[2]

Voice[edit]

Sjöstedt's barred owlet has a distinctive call which can be rendered as "kroo-kroo-kroo" which is most often made around dawn and dusk.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Sjöstedt's barred owlet occurs in western Central Africa, from south-eastern Nigeria east through Cameroon to the Central African Republic, and southwards to Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, northern Congo and north-western and central Democratic Republic of Congo.[3]

Sjöstedt's barred owlet is generally restricted to lowland primary forest, it avoids regions that are particularly damp,[2] and the forest edges. It occurs at high altitude on Mount Cameroon.[3]

Habits[edit]

Sjöstedt's barred owlet is a nocturnal species, hunting during the night in the forest understorey. Its diet consists of insects such as grasshoppers, but also spiders, crabs, mice, small snakes and nestling birds. When an owlet is disturbed from its daytime roost, it often results in mobbing behaviour by small birds, e.g. passerines. The breeding season of Sjöstedt's barred owlet is little known, although it lays in July in Gabon and young have been found in nests throughout much of the year in Cameroon. The males are territorial, calling loudly in order to attract females and to warn off potentially rival males. The nest is in a cavity or natural tree hollow, the female lays a clutch of at least two eggs, with an incubation period of around one month.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The species is named for Swedish naturalist Bror Yngve Sjöstedt.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Glaucidium sjostedti". The IUCN red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Retrieved 29 October 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Sjostedt’s owlet (Glaucidium sjostedti)". Wildscreen Arkive. WIldscreen. Retrieved 29 October 2016. 
  3. ^ a b König, Claus; Weick, Friedhelm; Becking, Jan-Hendrick (1999). Owls A Guide to the Owls of the World. Pica Press. pp. 378–379. ISBN 1-873403-74-7. 
  4. ^ Boelens, Bo; Watkins, Michael (2003). Whose Bird?: Common Bird Names and the People They Commemorate. Yale University Press. p. 313. ISBN 0-300-10359-X.