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Church of St Michael the Archangel and St Stanislaus Bishop and Martyr and Pauline Fathers Monastery, Skałka, which means "a small rock" in Polish, is a small outcrop in Kraków where the Bishop of Kraków saint Stanislaus of Szczepanów was slain by order of Polish king Bolesław II the Bold in 1079. This action resulted in the king's exile and the eventual canonization of the slain bishop.
Originally, a Romanesque church was built there. King Casimir III raised a new gothic church in its place and since 1472 this shrine has been in the possession of a monastic community of Pauline Fathers. In 1733-1751 the church received a baroque decor. It is one of the most famous Polish sanctuaries.
- Jan Długosz (1415–1480), diplomat and historian
- Wincenty Pol (1807–1872), poet, geographer and freedom fighter
- Lucjan Siemieński (1809–1877), poet, writer and freedom fighter
- Józef Ignacy Kraszewski (1812–1887), writer and historian
- Teofil Lenartowicz (1822–1893), poet and sculptor
- Adam Asnyk (1838–1897), poet, playwright and freedom fighter
- Henryk Siemiradzki (1843–1902), painter
- Stanisław Wyspiański (1869–1907) poet, playwright and painter
- Jacek Malczewski (1854–1929), painter
- Karol Szymanowski (1882–1937), composer and pianist
- Ludwik Solski (1855–1954), theatre actor and director
- Tadeusz Banachiewicz (1882–1954), astronomer and mathematician
- Czesław Miłosz (1911–2004), poet and essayist, Nobel Prize recipient
Outside the church is the Well of Saint Stanislaus. According to legend, this well is where King Bolesław discarded the bishop's dismembered body, which then miraculously reassembled. Water from the well is dispensed from a fountain for pilgrims to drink.
In 2008, the Pauline fathers added the open-air Altar of the Three Millennia, with statues representing seven important people in Polish history.
- Augustyn Kordecki (1603–1673), prior of Jasna Góra Monastery during the Siege of Jasna Góra
- Jadwiga of Poland (1374-1399), first female monarch of the Kingdom of Poland
- Adalbert of Prague (956-997), bishop of Prague and martyr
- Stanislaus of Szczepanów (1030-1079), bishop of Kraków and martyr
- Pope John Paul II (1920-2005), archbishop of Kraków, elected Pope in 1978
- Faustina Kowalska (1905-1938), nun whose mystical revelations inspired the Divine Mercy devotion
- Jan Kanty (1390-1473), priest and professor of philosophy and theology at the Kraków Academy
Six of these people (the exception being Kordecki) are venerated as saints in the Catholic Church.
- (in Polish) Official site
- Entry at Krakow Info
- 'Sowa' Licensed Krakow Guides
- Panorama of the Altar of the Three Millennia
- Weigel, George. City of Saints. IMAGE Press, 2015, p. 150.
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