Ska punk

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Ska punk is a fusion music genre that combines ska music and punk rock music.

Characteristics[edit]

Ska punk is a fusion music genre that combines ska music with punk rock music.[1] Ska-core (sometimes spelled skacore) is a subgenre of ska punk that blends ska with hardcore punk.[2] Early ska punk combined both 2 Tone and ska with hardcore punk.[3] Ska punk often features wind instruments[4] and horns[5] such as saxophones, trombones[6] and trumpets, making the genre distinct from most other punk rock music.[4] Horn sections are very common in ska punk music. Ska punk mixes the rhythms of Jamaican ska with the heavy beats of punk rock. Ska punk is similar to traditional ska, but ska punk is faster and heavier than traditional ska.[5]

History[edit]

Predecessors and early development (Late 1970s, 1980s and early 1990s)[edit]

Ska punk band Operation Ivy performing live at 924 Gilman Street in 1988

Before ska punk started, many ska bands and punk rock bands performed on the same bills together and appealed to the same audiences.[7] A ska revival occurred simultaneously around the beginning of British punk rock and the near-simultaneous rebirth of the late 1970s British Mod and skinhead movements.[8] During the late 1970s and early 1980s in United Kingdom, many punk rock bands mixed punk rock with ska influences. Pioneering punk rock band the Clash incorporated influences from ska alongside a range of other genres on their seminal 1979 post-punk album London Calling.[9] Other British bands that were influenced by both punk rock and ska included the Specials, the Beat and Madness.With both films like the 1981 documentary film Dance Craze and supportive radio stations like Los Angeles, California's KROQ, ska crossed the Atlantic.[8] Many early ska punk bands mixed 2 Tone with hardcore punk. During the 1980s, ska punk was underground. However, Fishbone, one of the earliest ska punk bands, achieved moderate success.[3] Other ska punk bands from the 1980s and early 1990s include Operation Ivy,[10] Culture Shock,[11] Voodoo Glow Skulls,[12] the Porkers,[13] Sublime,[14] Citizen Fish,[15] the Mighty Mighty Bosstones[16] and Dance Hall Crashers.[17]

Mainstream success (Mid-late 1990s)[edit]

Ska punk band Sublime in a 1996 promotional picture

Ska punk broke into the mainstream in the mid-1990s with bands such as Sublime, No Doubt, Goldfinger, Reel Big Fish, Smash Mouth, the Mighty Mighty Bosstones and Rancid all achieving mainstream success. Sublime's song "Date Rape" became a hit on on major California alternative rock radio stations.[18] However, Sublime did not reach its peak of popularity until 1996 with the release of the band's 1996 self-titled album, which was certified 5x platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) in 1999.[19] Because of Sublime's popularity, the band's album 40oz. to Freedom was certified 2x platinum by the RIAA in 2005.[20]

Ska punk band No Doubt performing in Worcester, Massachusetts, United States.

Another ska punk band that achieved mainstream success during the mid-late 1990s was No Doubt. No Doubt's 1995 album Tragic Kingdom was certified diamond by the RIAA in 1999[21] and was certified diamond by the Canadian Recording Industry Association in 1997.[22] Tragic Kingdom sold at least 16,000,000 copies worldwide.[23] Rancid's song Time Bomb" peaked at number 48 on the Billboard Hot 100 Airplay chart[24] and the band's 1995 album ...And Out Come the Wolves was certified platinum by the RIAA.[25] Reel Big Fish's album Turn the Radio Off, which was released in August 1996, was certified gold by the RIAA in November 1997.[26] Reel Big Fish's song "Sell Out" peaked at number 69 on the Billboard Hot 100 Airplay chart.[27] Goldfinger's song "Here in Your Bedroom" peaked at number 47 on the Billboard Hot 100 Airplay chart.[28] The Mighty Mighty Bosstones achieved mainstream success in 1997; their song "The Impression That I Get" peaked at number 23 on the Billboard Hot 100 Airplay chart,[29] number 19 on the Mainstream Top 40 chart,[30] and number 17 on the Adult Pop Songs chart.[31] Also, the Mighty Mighty Bosstones' song "The Rascal King" peaked at number 68 on the Billboard Hot 100 Airplay chart.[29] The Mighty Mighty Bosstones' album Let's Face It, which was released in March 1997, was certified platinum by the RIAA in September 1997.[32] Smash Mouth's 1997 album Fush Yu Mang was certified 2x platinum in 1999.[33]

See also[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "Ska Revival". AllMusic. Archived from the original on December 9, 2010. Retrieved December 14, 2011. 
  2. ^ Cmj Network, Inc (2000). "United Colors of Beantown". CMJ New Music Monthly (81): 47. Cut for cut, Pay Attention is another step in songwriting evolution for the once-plaid-clad architects of the fusion of punk rock and Afro-Caribbean dance music known as skacore. 
  3. ^ a b "Ska-Punk". AllMusic. 
  4. ^ a b Sfetcu 2014.
  5. ^ a b Cooper, Ryan. "The Subgenres of Punk Rock". About.com. 
  6. ^ Walker 2016, p. 74.
  7. ^ Marciniak 2015, p. xxxiii.
  8. ^ a b Diehl 2013, p. 46.
  9. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Ska punk at AllMusic. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  10. ^ "Operation Ivy | Biography & History". AllMusic. 
  11. ^ Sacher, Andrew (July 6, 2016). "Culture Shock released their first album in 27 years, touring with World/Inferno". BrooklynVegan. 
  12. ^ Bush, John. "Voodoo Glow Skulls | Biography & History". AllMusic. 
  13. ^ Anderson, Rick. "Grunt! - The Porkers". AllMusic. 
  14. ^ Blakinger, Keri (February 22, 2016). "Six Sublime songs that maintain relevance today". NY Daily News. 
  15. ^ "Citizen Fish | Biography & History". AllMusic. 
  16. ^ "The Mighty Mighty Bosstones | Biography & History". AllMusic. 
  17. ^ Ankeny, Jason. "Dance Hall Crashers | Biography & History". AllMusic. 
  18. ^ Diehl2013, p. 47.
  19. ^ "American album certifications – Sublime – Sublime". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  20. ^ "American album certifications – Sublime – 40 Ounces to Freedom". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  21. ^ "American album certifications – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  22. ^ "Canadian album certifications – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom". Music Canada. August 15, 1997. 
  23. ^ Van Meter, Jonathan (April 2004). "The First Lady of Rock". Vogue. New York. 194 (4). ISSN 0042-8000. OCLC 1769261. 
  24. ^ "Rancid - Chart history". Billboard. 
  25. ^ "American album certifications – Rancid – ...And Out Come the Wolves". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  26. ^ "American album certifications – Reel Big Fish – Turn the Radio Off". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  27. ^ "Reel Big Fish - Chart history". Billboard. 
  28. ^ "Goldfinger - Chart history". Billboard. 
  29. ^ a b "The Mighty Mighty Bosstones - Chart history (Radio Songs)". Billboard. 
  30. ^ "The Mighty Mighty Bosstones - Chart history (Pop Songs)". Billboard. 
  31. ^ "The Mighty Mighty Bosstones - Chart history (Adult Pop Songs)". Billboard. 
  32. ^ "American album certifications – The Mighty Mighty Bosstones – Let's Face It". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  33. ^ "American album certifications – Smash Mouth – Fush Yu Mang". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH

Bibliography[edit]