Ska stroke

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Reggae downstroke pattern About this soundPlay .[1]
Though notated with quarter notes, the Ska stroke sounds like sixteenth notes due to muting or dampening.[1]
Reggae upstroke pattern[2]About this soundPlay .
Skank guitar rhythm often considered "'the' reggae beat"[3]About this soundPlay straight  or About this soundPlay shuffle .
Skank at different harmonic rhythms
Reggae guitar pattern[4] About this soundPlay 
Reggae guitar pattern[4] About this soundPlay 
Ska guitar pattern[4] About this soundPlay 

The ska stroke or ska upstroke, skank or bang, is a guitar strumming technique that is used mostly in the performance of ska, rocksteady, and reggae music.[5] "Reggae is most easily recognized by...the skank."[6] Ska strokes serve as a rhythmic base to a song, and may be doubled by the drums. This style of playing has a dance associated with it, the skank. In reggae, the guitar usually plays a short, percussive, "scratchy chop sound [chord]," on beats 2 and 4 (1 2 3 4), often supported by staccato piano (late 1960s to the early 1980s) or synthesizer.[7] About this soundPlay 

Ska strokes create a bouncing rhythm, going up then down in pitch.[5] Played in 4
4
time
(𝄆1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & 𝄇), the chosen guitar chord is played on the downbeat (indicated by numbers), and then a ghost note is played on the upbeat (indicated by ampersands) by lifting the left hand off the fret a few millimeters.[5] However, most traditional ska is focused on the upbeat; playing on the downbeat is more closely associated with reggae, where the ska strokes are played much more slowly as opposed to ska.

Double-time: ||:1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & :||
Common-time: ||:1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 :||
Half-time  : ||:1234123412341234:||

About this soundPlay 

The first use of the ska stroke has been attributed to guitarists including Ernest Ranglin.[8]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Snyder, Jerry (1999). Jerry Snyder's Guitar School, p.28. ISBN 0-7390-0260-0.
  2. ^ Snyder (1999), p.29.
  3. ^ Bassford, Andy (2004). "Reggae: Jamaican Grooves", How to Play Rhythm Guitar, p.72. Hal Leonard. Johnston, Richard; ed. ISBN 0-87930-811-7.
  4. ^ a b c Peretz, Jeff (2003). Zen and the Art of Guitar: A Path to Guitar Mastery, p.37. Alfred Music. ISBN 9780739028179.
  5. ^ a b c (2013). Smithsonian Music: The Definitive Visual History, p.349. ISBN 9781465421265.
  6. ^ Hombach, Jean-Pierre (2010). Bob Marley the Father of Music, p.14. ISBN 9781471620454.
  7. ^ Hombach (2010), p.21.
  8. ^ DiMartino, Dave (2016). Music in the 20th Century, p.528. Routledge. ISBN 9781317464297.

External links[edit]