Skagen Lighthouse

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Skagen Lighthouse
Leuchtturm Skagen Grå Fyr aus Jahr 1858 Höhe 46 m - Foto 2018 Wolfgang Pehlemann P1220418.jpg
Skagen Lighthouse
Skagen Lighthouse is located in Denmark
Skagen Lighthouse
Skagen Lighthouse
Denmark
LocationFrederikshavn Municipality, Denmark Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates57°44′08″N 10°37′49″E / 57.735550°N 10.630144°E / 57.735550; 10.630144
Year first constructed1747 (first)
Year first lit1858 (current)
Constructionbrick tower
Tower shapetapered cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / patternunpainted tower, grey metallic lantern
Tower height46 metres (151 ft)
Focal height44 metres (144 ft)
Range20 nautical miles (37 km; 23 mi)
CharacteristicFl W 4s.
RaconEdit this on Wikidata
Admiralty numberC0002
NGA number1524
ARLHS numberDEN-040
Denmark numberDFL-0330[1]
Heritagemonument on Kulturstyrelsen register Edit this on Wikidata
Skagen fyr

Skagen Lighthouse (Danish: Skagen Fyr), also known as Skagen's Grey Lighthouse (Det Grå Fyr), is an active lighthouse 4 km (2.5 mi) northeast of Skagen in the far north of Jutland, Denmark. Designed by architect Niels Sigfred Nebelong, it was brought into operation on 1 November 1858.[2]

Description[edit]

Skagen's first lighthouse, the White Lighthouse (Det Hvide Fyr), designed by Philip de Lange and completed in 1747, was the first lighthouse in Denmark to be built in brick.[3] The Skagen Lighthouse which replaced it consists of an unpainted round brick tower with a lantern and gallery, reaching a height of 151 ft (46 m). The two-storey keeper's house to which it is attached is painted bright yellow. When it was built it was more or less at the centre of the Skagen Odde peninsula, but as a result of coastal erosion, it is now very near the Kattegat coast to the southeast.[4]

The lighthouse has a two-ton rotating lens resting on mercury. Originally there was a five-wicked paraffin lamp which was successively replaced with a 1,000 Watt then a 1,500 Watt electric lamp. Today there is a 400 Watt sodium lamp which every four seconds can be seen up to 37 km (20 mi) away.[5]

Until 1952 Skagen Lighthouse was the country's tallest.[3] Dueodde Lighthouse on Bornholm is now just one meter higher.[5]

In 2017 the lighthouse was launched as a new international bird center Skagen Grey Lighthouse - Center for Migratory birds.[6] The center consist of an interactive exhibition and a working bird observatory -Skagen Bird Observatory.[7] Skagen and the Grenen area is known for its wide range of migrating birds, so the lighthouse is a perfect place for birdwatching.

Open to visitors[edit]

The lighthouse is open to visitors all year except on Christmas and New Year's Eve. Daily opening hours are 10 am to 4 pm in the winter season and until 6pm in the summertime[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Denmark: Northeast Jylland". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  2. ^ "Skagen Fyr", Den Store Danske. (in Danish) Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Det Hvide Fyr i Skagen", Den Store Danske. (in Danish) Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  4. ^ "Lighthouses of Denmark: Northeast Jylland", The Lighthouse Directory. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  5. ^ a b c Dennis Kragholm Lysgaard, "Kom op i ‘Det Grå Fyr’ og se Skagen fra oven", Skagen.dk, 29 May 2013. (in Danish) Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  6. ^ http://www.skagen-tourist.dk/ln-int/tad/skagen-grey-lighthouse
  7. ^ https://www.skagenfuglestation.dk/english

Literature[edit]

Coordinates: 57°44′07″N 10°37′49″E / 57.73528°N 10.63028°E / 57.73528; 10.63028