Skanör med Falsterbo
|Skanör med Falsterbo|
Old part of Falsterbo
|• Total||5.42 km2 (2.09 sq mi)|
|Population (31 December 2010)|
|• Density||1,280/km2 (3,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Skanör med Falsterbo is a statistical locality (Swedish tätort, locality code 3672), situated in Vellinge Municipality, Skåne County, Sweden with 6,937 inhabitants in 2010. It consists of the two old towns of Skanör and Falsterbo which have grown together, but are still regarded as different communities by locals. The preposition med means with. Thanks to its southerly and maritime position, the locality is the mildest in Sweden, with winter lows barely averaging frosts.
It is a conurbation consisting of the two medieval towns of Skanör and Falsterbo. Both towns are located on the elongated reef-like western part of the Falsterbo Peninsula, (Falsterbonäset), Falsterbo to the south and Skanör to the north. The towns are separated by a several kilometers long bank built of earth and seaweed, and have never geographically been considered the same town.
The peninsula forms the southwesternmost tip of the Scandinavian Peninsula. It marks the border between the Baltic Sea and the Øresund, the sound that separates the Danish island Zealand from the southern Swedish province of Scania.
The locality is situated south of the city of Malmö, with 28 km to Skanör and 30 km to Falsterbo, based on the local distance signs along the motorway. During the 20th century the towns have become affluent suburbs for people working in the Malmö-Lund region, as well as a popular site among older people who have retired from higher positions abroad or in the capital.
The peninsula is divided by the Falsterbo Canal, a waterway at the base of the Falsterbo Peninsula that shortens the route between the Øresund and the Baltic Sea. The canal goes between the bays Höllviken (north) and Kämpingebukten (south).
The Swedish meteorological institute SMHI operates a weather station in Falsterbo. Like the rest of Scania, it has an oceanic climate, but with greater maritime effects than in Malmö for example, due to its unsheltered position on the peninsula. It is also the southernmost official station in Sweden. This combination renders it have a January mean for 1961-1990 above freezing, a very unusual occurrence in Sweden. Falsterbo is often cooler than Malmö during the day and milder during the night due to the low diurnal temperature variation. The great maritime effects as well as the ice-free winters of the region contributes to both yearly heat and cold records being subdued by Swedish standards, however specific climate events have shrunk the temperature to −24 °C (−11 °F) and raised it to 30 °C (86 °F). In 2006, Falsterbo had an absolute December minimum of 3 °C (37 °F), exceptionally mild by Swedish standards. The precipitation normal value from 1961-1990 is 490.6 millimetres (19.31 in), making it a very dry climate considering it being oceanic. Due to the very marine nature, Falsterbo is the mildest weather station in Sweden, in spite of summer highs being far below surrounding areas. It also makes it sunnier than inland Lund, with 1902 hours of bright sunshine annually compared to the 1801 hours of Lund in the 2002-2016 period, this due to less convection build-up during spring and summer.
|Climate data for Falsterbo|
|Record high °C (°F)||10.3
|Average high °C (°F)||2.8
|Average low °C (°F)||−0.2
|Record low °C (°F)||−24.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||36.4
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||30||55||95||175||255||255||250||245||145||105||60||30||1,700|
|Source #1: SMHI|
|Source #2: SMHI Monthly Data 2002-2017|
The origin of Skanör can be traced back to the end of the 12th century and Falsterbo is believed to have arisen shortly before. In around 1220 the Danish king built the Skanör fortress. S:ta Gertrud church in Falsterbo dates back to the 13th century, possibly the 12th. 
During the late middle ages both towns grew in importance and wealth as during late summer and autumn the peninsula was an important centre of trade and herring fishing in the annual Scania Market (Skånemarknaden). The market was held on the beach stretch between Skanör and Falsterbo and was dominated by the north German Hanseatic cities, primarily Lübeck. The Danish king delegated specific areas along the beach to these cities, so called "fit" or "fed", where they had the right to carry out trade during the Scania Market. A large fishing village was located along the beaches of Øresund.
Soon thereafter a castle was raised in Falsterbo. In 1311 the castle was destroyed by the Hanseatic League (specifically the trade towns of Rostock, Wismar and Greifswald) in the war between these and the Danish king Erik Menved. After the war the king raised a new and larger castle in 1318 called Falsterbohus. The old castle in Skanör thus lost its importance thereafter. Olav IV of Norway, son of queen Margaret I of Denmark, died in 1387 in Falsterbohus.
After the herring population declined during the 16th century the Scania Market was dismantled and subsequently the two cities lost their former importance, but retained the town privileges, with joint administration.
The two medieval towns Skanör and Falsterbo were united economically under the same mayor in 1754. Even so, they have geographically never been considered the same town, and they did not grow into a contiguous settlement until the late 1960s.
Falsterbo and Skanör remained small fishing towns until the rail line from Malmö to Falsterbo via Vellinge was built in 1904. Between 1904 and 1971 Skanör and Falsterbo each had their own railway stations. New residential areas grew up along the railway. Due to its small size Skanör med Falsterbo was the last city in Sweden to get a City Council (1934), but it had its own jurisdiction and a City Court (rådhusrätt) up until 1947. It is now a locality within Vellinge Municipality and has no administration of its own. The railway closed in 1971 and was dismantled the following year.
Skanör Cement factory
During the first world war a track was laid to the new cement factory located in the Skanör harbour. There are rumours that the cement factory was used as a depot for military equipment in case the war reached Sweden. Others claim that the factory was built under German influence only to serve as a disguise for a giant artillery foundation and that the bricks in the walls were placed upright to save costs. The canon together with its counterpart in Køge in Denmark had as a purpose to guard the Øresund. In any case the cement factory was dismantled a few years thereafter. Of the cement factory only the foundation still exists today.
Falsterbo is known for the Falsterbo Bird Observatory, since most migratory birds leave the Scandinavian Peninsula via the 5 km long reef south of Falsterbo. The very same reef, and the fine sand beaches on the peninsula, offers some of the best sea bathing of Sweden.
Falsterbo also has an annual horse show (show jumping and dressage), the Falsterbo Horse Show. Skanör hosts the annual, Skanörs sillamarknad.
S:t Olofs church in Skanör.
- "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- "1961-1990 Temperature Normals (Swedish)". SMHI. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Temperature and Clouds - December 2006 (Swedish)" (PDF). SMHI. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Precipitation normals 1961-1990". SMHI. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Precipitation Normals 1961-1990 (Swedish)" (in Swedish). Swedish Metereological and Hydrological Institute (Falsterbo code 5223).
- "Monthly and Yearly Statistics" (in Swedish). SMHI. 10 April 2018.
- History of Skanör-Falsterbo (hotellgasslingen.com) Archived 2010-10-29 at the Wayback Machine.
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