Skanda Hora

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Skanda Hora
स्कंद होरा

Skanda Hora [1] is the legendary first book on Hindu astrology. It is the first text and the foremost treatise of Nirayana astrology referred to as the Mahopanishad of the Atharva Veda. This text on Hindu predictive astrology written in Sanskrit Sloka-format by Skanda, also known as Subrahmanya, Kandaswamy, Kartikeyan and Murugan, is also known as Jyotishmati Upanishad[2]

The complete text of Skanda Hora is now not available, what is known is from its several and numerous slokas cited by other ancient texts.[3] It is the root of all other Horas, and along with Surya Siddhanta gives maximum importance to the rhythm of the solar system, breath pattern and minute divisions of time which indicates its origination from and affiliation to the Yogic and Tantric experiences that were probably associated with the Indus Valley Civilisation. The present day Hindu astrology is an extension of Skanda Hora.[4]


  1. ^ M.R.Bhat. Essentials of Horary Astrology. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. p. 5.
  2. ^ Vraj Kumar Pande. Encyclopaedia of Indian philosophy. 1. Anmol Publications. p. 253.
  3. ^ Sreenadh OG Veneet Kumar. "Books by Sage Viswamitra" (PDF). p. 1.
  4. ^ Astrological Magazine. 74 (1985 ed.). Bangalore: Ramanpublications. p. 283.