|Cultural origins||Early 1980s, United States|
Skate punk (also known as skatecore and skate rock) is a skater subculture and punk rock subgenre that developed in the 1980s. Originally a form of hardcore punk that had been closely associated with skate culture, skate punk evolved into a more melodic genre of punk rock in the 1990s. Since then, it has predominately featured fast tempos, lead guitar playing (including guitar riffs and guitar solos), fast drumming, and singing (sometimes including vocal harmonies). Occasionally, skate punk also combines the fast tempos of hardcore punk and melodic hardcore with the catchy hooks of pop-punk.
1970s and early 1980s punk rock bands like Buzzcocks, Descendents, Adolescents, Black Flag, and Circle Jerks paved the way for skate punk. Skate punk was pioneered in the 1980s by bands such as the Big Boys, Suicidal Tendencies, and JFA. Many early skate punk bands are part of the hardcore punk movement nardcore, which emerged in Oxnard, California. Skate punk band Bad Religion started the more melodic style of skate punk in 1988 with the band's influential album Suffer. This melodic style of skate punk continued in the 1990s with several skate punk bands emerging at the time. In the 1990s, skate punk changed into a more melodic punk rock genre with bands like NOFX, Lagwagon, Pennywise, Face to Face, and No Use for a Name.
Skate punk broke into the mainstream during the 1990s with bands such as the Offspring and Blink-182. Skate punk's popularity continued in the early 2000s with bands such as Sum 41. During the 2010s, later skate punk bands such as Trash Boat, Cerebral Ballzy, and Trash Talk, achieved underground to moderate success through the influence of previous skate punk bands.
Skate punk is also known as skate rock and skatecore. Noted by AllMusic for having "high-energy", skate punk features fast tempos. Many of the 1980s skate punk bands were hardcore punk bands. In the 1990s, it changed and was played by bands that sound more like pop punk and standard punk rock than hardcore punk. Also a skater subculture, skate punk's origins go back to skate culture and surf culture. Author Sharon M. Hannon noted skate punk is known for "its fast guitars, driving bass lines, and surf music–style drums". According to Mark Lepage of Spin magazine, it often has a "double-time hup-two-three-four beat". Skate punk music often features singing and vocal harmonies. Rolling Stone described skate punk as "a sort of pop hardcore". Some skate punk music has lyrics that are about humor - "mostly of the smartass variety". Much skate punk music features lead guitar playing, guitar riffs, and sometimes guitar solos. Skate punk is described by AllMusic as having "thrashier guitars" than regular punk rock. Blast beats and fast drumming are very common in skate punk. Skate punk features the fast tempos of hardcore punk and melodic hardcore, occasionally combining them with the catchy hooks of pop punk. Some skate punk bands play other genres of music; pop punk, funk metal, and hardcore punk are genres that are noted for being played by some skate punk bands. Skate punk paved the way for third-wave ska. Some skate punk bands, including NOFX and the Suicide Machines, also play ska punk. Some skate punk bands, including Suicidal Tendencies and Excel, also play thrash metal or crossover thrash.
Predecessors (1970s and early 1980s)
California punk bands like Black Flag, Adolescents, and Circle Jerks paved the way for skate punk with their "fast and raw" music, "which replicated the feel of skating." 1970s punk bands like the Buzzcocks and 1980s punk bands like The Descendents made fast and catchy punk rock songs about teenage confusion, and also combined the aggression and speed of hardcore punk with pop-inspired melodies.
Originally derived from hardcore punk, skate punk began in the early 1980s. The Big Boys and JFA are considered pioneers of skate punk. Bands such as Gang Green, Suicidal Tendencies, The Faction, Rich Kids on LSD, Tales of Terror, Agression, Drunk Injuns and NOFX were among the first wave of skate punk bands. Johnny Loftus of AllMusic described early skate punk music as "a confluence of punk's anger and simplicity, the furious speed of hardcore, and defiantly smart-assed machismo". Many early skate punk bands are part of the hardcore punk movement nardcore, which emerged in Oxnard, California. Popular among skateboarders, 1980s hardcore punk bands with connections to skateboarding culture were labeled as "skate punk" - the origin of the term. Early skate punk bands are noted for creating the connection between punk rock and skateboarding. Mörizen "Mofo" Föche, vocalist of Drunk Injuns and former employee of the magazine Thrasher, is "often credited with first coining the term 'skate-punk'." Bad Religion's 1988 album Suffer is seen by many as a highly influential landmark album in the skate punk genre. Suffer helped start the melodic style of skate punk that continued in the 1990s.
Mainstream success (1990s and early 2000s)
As skate punk became more popular during the 1990s, it changed into a more melodic genre. During this time, some skate punk bands experienced mainstream success and were featured at events such as the Warped Tour, which started in 1995. Prominent skate punk bands of the 1990s include Consumed, Good Riddance, Strung Out, NOFX, Goldfinger, Lagwagon, Guttermouth, No Use for a Name, Blink-182, Face to Face, Slick Shoes, MxPx, Unwritten Law, Ten Foot Pole, Screeching Weasel, Bad Religion, the Offspring, and Pennywise.
Skate punk broke into the mainstream in the 1990s. The Offspring's album Smash, released in 1994, launched the band into the mainstream. Rancid's album ...And Out Come the Wolves, Green Day's album Dookie, and the Offspring's album Smash also helped launch punk rock as a whole into the mainstream. Smash, certified 6x platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), sold at least 6.3 million copies in the United States and at least 5 million copies outside the United States. NOFX's 1994 album Punk in Drublic was certified gold by the RIAA on May 5, 2000. Unlike other 1990s punk rock bands, NOFX never signed to a major record label. Also, NOFX has not given permission for its music videos to be played on channels like MTV and VH1. Explaining this decision NOFX member Fat Mike said: "We made the 'Leave It Alone' video, and we decided not to send it to MTV. We just didn't want to be a part of that machine, of that punk wave. I think it's one of the best decisions we've ever made." California skate punk band Face to Face had local success with their song "Disconnected", which was played often on California radio station KROQ-FM. With "Disconnected" constantly playing on KROQ-FM, Face to Face's 1995 album Big Choice sold more than 100,000 copies.
Bad Religion's 1994 album Stranger Than Fiction was certified gold by the RIAA on March 4, 1998. Stranger Than Fiction's song "21st Century (Digital Boy)" peaked at number 11 on the Alternative Songs chart on December 24, 1994 and the song's music video was played a lot on MTV. Goldfinger achieved success with the band's 1996 self-titled album. In 1997, the Los Angeles Times reported that Goldfinger's 1996 self-titled album sold 200,000 copies. Goldfinger's 1996 self-titled album peaked at number 1 on the Heatseekers Albums chart on June 15, 1996. Goldfinger's song "Here in Your Bedroom" peaked at number 47 on the Radio Songs chart on June 15, 1996. On June 15, 1996, "Here in Your Bedroom" peaked at number 5 on the Alternative Songs chart. Although Ixnay on the Hombre by the Offspring did not achieve the same sales as the Offspring's album Smash, Ixnay on the Hombre by the Offspring was certified platinum by the RIAA in April 1997. As of November 1998, the album sold at least 3 million copies worldwide and, as of August 2015, the album sold 1.4 million copies in the United States. Ixnay on the Hombre's single "All I Want" peaked at number 65 on Billboard's Hot 100 Airplay chart. In June 1997, Blink-182 released its album Dude Ranch. It was certified gold by the RIAA in February 1998, and was certified platinum by the RIAA in November 1999. Scott Heisel of Alternative Press described Dude Ranch as "a killer skate-punk record". Dude Ranch's single "Dammit" was a hit. It peaked at number 61 on Billboard's Hot 100 Airplay chart, received heavy radio airplay and was played a lot by MTV. In 1998, the Offspring released their album Americana, which was certified 5x platinum by the RIAA. In 1998, MxPx released its album Slowly Going the Way of the Buffalo, which was certified gold by the RIAA in January 2000.
The skateboarding video game series Tony Hawk's featured music by many skate punk bands, including Lagwagon, Guttermouth, the Vandals, Suicidal Tendencies, Millencolin, Bad Religion, and Consumed. Tony Hawk's Pro Skater was one of the top-selling video games for PlayStation in November 1999. Quickly after being released, Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 2, released in 2000, was the top-selling PlayStation title for two consecutive weeks. Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 2 quickly sold 1,000,000 copies. The sales of the video game reached 5,300,000 copies in the United States. Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 3, released in 2001, sold about 2,100,000 copies in the United States.
In June 1999, Blink-182 released its album Enema of the State. It was certified 3x platinum by the RIAA in January 2000. In February 2001, Enema of the State was certified 5x platinum by the RIAA having sold at least 15 million copies worldwide, with at least 4.54 million of those copies sold in the United States. Having achieved mainstream success, Blink-182 played to sold-out arenas. In November 2000, the band released their live album The Mark, Tom and Travis Show (The Enema Strikes Back!). It sold at least 110,000 copies in its release week, and was certified gold by the RIAA in January 2001. Although it is a live album, it features a studio track called "Man Overboard". Serviced to radio in September 2000, "Man Overboard" peaked at number 2 on Billboard's Modern Rock Tracks chart and number 17 on Billboard's Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles chart. In November 2000, the Offspring released their album Conspiracy of One. It was certified platinum by the RIAA within 30 days of being released. In 2000, SR-71's song "Right Now" went to number 2 on the Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles chart, number two on the Modern Rock Tracks chart, and number 30 on the Pop Songs chart. In November 2000, their album Now You See Inside was certified gold by the RIAA.
In June 2001, Blink-182 released their album Take Off Your Pants and Jacket. It peaked at number one on the Billboard 200 chart, the Canadian Albums Chart and the Top Internet Albums chart. The album sold at least 350,000 copies in its release week  and was certified 2x platinum in May 2002. The Canadian skate punk band Sum 41 broke into the mainstream in the early 2000s. Their song "Fat Lip" peaked at number 66 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and number one on the Modern Rock Tracks chart. Also, "Fat Lip" was played extensively on radio and was popular on MTV's Total Request Live. The skate punk studio album All Killer No Filler, Sum 41's studio album that features the song "Fat Lip", was certified platinum by the RIAA in August 2001. All Killer No Filler also was certified triple platinum by the organization Music Canada. Sum 41 released their album Does This Look Infected? in November 2002. The album was certified gold by the RIAA on January 30, 2003 and the album's song "Still Waiting" peaked at number 7 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart in 2003 and was played constantly on MTV.
Underground revival (2010s)
During the 2010s, there was an emergence of skate punk bands influenced by older skate punk bands. These bands include Trash Talk, FIDLAR, Trash Boat and Cerebral Ballzy. Many of them attracted cult followings by promoting their music on the Internet. Many of these bands, including Trash Talk and Cerebral Ballzy, are influenced by hardcore punk and speed metal. FIDLAR is influenced by skate punk bands Blink-182 and the Offspring. and achieved underground and moderate success; their self-titled album debuted at number five on Billboard's Top Heatseekers chart.
- Peacock, Tim (November 14, 2018). "Heaven Is A Half-Pipe: The Joys Of Skate-Punk". uDiscover. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
- "Skatepunk". AllMusic. Archived from the original on March 10, 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
- Sklar 2013.
- Hannon 2010, p. 164.
- Lepage, Mark (1999). "REVIEWS". Spin. 15 (1): 114. ISSN 0886-3032.
- Egerdahl 2010, pp. 20–21.
- Brackett & Hoard 2004, p. 85.
- "The Absolute Sound, Issues 152-157" (152–157). Absolute Sound, Limited. 2005: 131. Cite journal requires
- Preira, Matt (October 16, 2012). "Top 10 Third Wave Ska Bands of All Time; Sublime Tribute Badfish Show at Revolution". New Times Broward-Palm Beach. Archived from the original on March 10, 2017.
- Distefano, Alex (February 12, 2015). "The 10 Best Crossover Thrash Bands". OC Weekly.
- McIntyre, Ken (June 14, 2017). "Skate or die! How skate-punk took over the world". Louder. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- Ankeny, Jason. "Descendents | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- Loftus, Johnny. "Agression | Biography & History". AllMusic.
- Barnard, Laurent (July 9, 2015). "This Is Hardcore: Bad Religion - Suffer". Louder. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Gormely, Ian (October 14, 2020). "Bad Religion Autobiography 'Do What You Want' Is Compelling but Sanitized Account of the Punk Icons". Exclaim!. Retrieved February 20, 2021.
- Williams, Sarah (February 24, 2018). "Consumed: Hindsight, Hopes & Tony Hawks [Interview]". Shout Louder. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- "Good Riddance, Success, The Last Gang, The Brass". The Portland Mercury. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- Ali, Reyan (September 27, 2012). "Skate-Punk Veterans Strung Out Spend Some Time With Nostalgia". OC Weekly. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- "No slowing down for skate punk stalwarts". The Newcastle Herald. March 18, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- Deluxe 2013.
- Budofsky et al. 2006, p. 156.
- Chesler, Josh (September 29, 2015). "10 Best Skate Punk Albums of All Time". OC Weekly. Archived from the original on June 3, 2016. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
- Holden, Eric (February 5, 2015). "Lagwagon plays unique brand of melodic skate punk". AXS.
- Zanotti, Marc (September 24, 2014). "Lagwagon Ditch Skate Punk On 'The Cog In The Machine'". Music Feeds.
- Ulibas, Joseph (May 17, 2015). "Let's help Guttermouth 'Shave the Planet'". AXS.
- Joiner, James (October 11, 2013). "Exclusive: Alkaline Trio Cover No Use for a Name". Esquire.
- "blink-182 | Biography & History". AllMusic.
- Rogowski, Jordan (February 10, 2006). "Face to Face - Shoot the Moon: The Essential Collection". Punknews.org.
- Sarachik, Justin (June 30, 2014). "5 Punk Rock Bands Every Christian Music Fan Should Know – MxPx, Relient K, FM Static, Dogwood, Slick Shoes (VIDEOS)". BREATHEcast.
- Jeffers, Michele (March 31, 2005). "Unwritten Law's latest better left unwritten". The Observer. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
- Scott (June 9, 2004). "Ten Foot Pole - Subliminable Messages". Punknews.org. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
- DaRonco, Mike. "Kill the Musicians - Screeching Weasel". AllMusic.
- Myers 2006.
- Weinstein 2015, p. 262.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Pennywise | Biography & History". AllMusic.
- D'Angelo, Joe (September 15, 2004). "How Green Day's Dookie Fertilized A Punk-Rock Revival". MTV.
- Bobbitt, Melissa. "The Offspring's 'Smash' Turns 20". About.com. Archived from the original on 2014-07-12.
- "American album certifications – The Offspring – Smash". Recording Industry Association of America.
- Graff, Gary (May 21, 2012). "The Offspring Still Fly as 'Days Go By' Rises on Rock Charts". Billboard.
- Wiederhorn, Jon (August 28, 2014). "The Offspring Were 'Flying By the Seat of Their Pants' As They Rocketed to Stardom". Yahoo! Music.
- "American album certifications – NOFX – Punk in Drublic". Recording Industry Association of America.
- Cooper, Ryan. "The Sultans Of Slander - A NOFX Biography". About.com.
- Sutherland, Sam (March 31, 2006). "NOFX Punk Off Their Asses". Exclaim!.
- Frey, Tracy. "Big Choice - Face to Face". AllMusic. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
- "American album certifications – Bad Religion – Stranger Than Fiction". Recording Industry Association of America.
- "Bad Religion Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- Harville, Bobbie (January 5, 1995). "Dressing Stars Makes Her Shine". Daily Press. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- Boehm, Mike (April 21, 1997). "10 Bands Give Audience Fun for the Money". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
- "Goldfinger Chart History (Heatseekers Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- "Goldfinger Chart History (Radio Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- "Goldfinger Chart History (Alternative Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- "American album certifications – The Offspring – Ixnay on the Hombre". Recording Industry Association of America.
- Boehm, Mike (November 17, 1998). "The 'Americana' Dream : Post-Hoopla, the Offspring Settles Into Normal Music-Making". Los Angeles Times.
- Christman, Ed (August 13, 2015). "The Offspring's Columbia Catalog Is On the Block for $35 Million: Exclusive". Billboard.
- "The Offspring - Chart history". Billboard.
- Crane, Matt; Major, Nick; Obenschain, Philip; Heisel, Scott (August 22, 2014). "And the best Blink-182 album of all time is..." Alternative Press.
- "blink-182 - Chart history". Billboard.
- Hoppus 2001, p. 70.
- "Blink 182 Propelled By Cargo's Vision". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 110 (4): 11, 100. 1998. ISSN 0006-2510.
- "American album certifications – The Offspring – Americana". Recording Industry Association of America.
- "American album certifications – Mxpx – Slowly Going the Way of the Buffalo". Recording Industry Association of America.
- Hanstock, Bill (September 29, 2015). "The 81 best songs from the original 'Tony Hawk's Pro Skater' games, ranked". SB Nation. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
- "Tony Hawk Tears Up Sales Charts". IGN. December 20, 1999. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
- "Hawk on Top". GameSpot. October 11, 2000. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
- "THPS 2 Still at One". GameSpot. October 11, 2000. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
- Sidener, Jonathan (September 25, 2007). "Microsoft pins Xbox 360 hopes on 'Halo 3' sales". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
- Campbell, Colin; Keiser, Joe (July 29, 2006). "The Top 100 Games of the 21st Century". Next Generation. Archived from the original on October 28, 2007. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
- Caramanica, Jon (July 15, 2016). "Popcast: The Return of Pop-Punk and Emo". The New York Times. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
- Montgomery, James (February 9, 2009). "How Did Blink-182 Become So Influential?". MTV.
- Payne, Chris (May 30, 2014). "Blink-182's 'Enema of the State' at 15: Classic Track-by-Track Album Review". Billboard.
- Edwards, Gavin (August 3, 2000). "Blink-182: The Half-Naked Truth". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 23, 2016.
- "Blink-182 Opens At No. 1, Sugar Ray Debuts High". Billboard. June 21, 2001.
- Mancini, Rob (August 30, 2000). "Blink-182 To Debut New Track Online". MTV.
- "blink-182 - Chart history". Billboard.
- "Chart Search". Billboard.
- "American album certifications – The Offspring – Conspiracy of One". Recording Industry Association of America.
- "Chart Search (SR-71)". Billboard.
- "SR-71 - Chart history (Alternative Songs)". Billboard.
- "SR-71 - Chart history (Pop Songs)". Billboard.
- "American album certifications – SR-71 – Now You See Inside". Recording Industry Association of America.
- "blink-182 | Awards". AllMusic.
- "Sum 41 get to The Point". Hot Press. November 12, 2002.
- Horner, Al (January 31, 2014). "10 Albums That Wouldn't Exist Without Green Day's 'Dookie'". NME.
- Behrman, Lorne (2000). "SUM 41 Half Hour of Power". CMJ New Music Monthly (85): 61. ISSN 1074-6978.
- Edwards, Gavin (September 24, 2001). "Sum 41: Teenage Rock & Roll Machine". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 3, 2016.
- "Sum 41 | Awards". AllMusic.
- "The TRL Archive - Recap: August 2001". ATRL.
- Loftus, Johnny. "Sum 41 | Biography & History". AllMusic.
- "Sum 41: All Killer No Filler. (Album reviews)". HighBeam Business. September 29, 2001. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015.
- "American album certifications – Sum 41 – All Killer No Filler". Recording Industry Association of America.
- "Canadian album certifications – Sum 41 – All Killer No Filler". Music Canada.
- "American album certifications – Sum 41 – Does This Look Infected?". Recording Industry Association of America.
- "Video Monitor". Billboard. Vol. 115 no. 4. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. January 25, 2003. p. 72. ISSN 0006-2510.
- Lymangrover, Jason. "FIDLAR | Biography & History". AllMusic.
- "Trash Talk | Biography & History". AllMusic.
- "Ticket Master".
- "Bring The Noise". Archived from the original on 2017-08-23. Retrieved 2017-06-01.
- "Cerebral Ballzy | Biography & History". AllMusic.
- Sklar, Monica (2013). Punk Style. A&C Black. ISBN 9780857853059.
- Fenton, Steve (2012). The Mag: The Early Years. Lulu.com. ISBN 9781471690778.[self-published source?]
- Hannon, Sharon M. (2010). Punks: A Guide to an American Subculture. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313364563.
- Egerdahl, Kjersti (2010). Green Day: A Musical Biography. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313365973.
- Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian David (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9780743201698.
- Myers, Ben (2006). Green Day: American Idiots & The New Punk Explosion. Red Wheel Weiser. ISBN 9781609258986.
- Weinstein, Deena (2015). Rock'n America: A Social and Cultural History. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 9781442600157.
- Budofsky, Adam; Heusel, Michele; Dawson, Michael Ray; Parillo, Michael (2006). The Drummer: 100 Years of Rhythmic Power and Invention. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 9781423405672.
- Deluxe, Jean-Emmanuel (2013). Ye-Ye Girls of '60s French Pop. Feral House. ISBN 9781936239726.
- Hoppus, Anne (October 1, 2001). Blink-182: Tales from Beneath Your Mom. MTV Books / Pocket Books. ISBN 0743422074.
- Butz, Konstantin (2014). Grinding California: Culture and Corporeality in American Skate Punk. transcript Verlag. ISBN 9783839421222.