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New Bridge over the River Ilen
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|Irish Grid Reference||W119334|
Skibbereen (//; Irish: An Sciobairín), is a town in County Cork, Ireland. It is located on the N71 national secondary road. The name "Skibbereen" (often shortened to "Skibb") means "little boat harbour." The River Ilen runs through the town; it reaches the sea about 12 kilometers away, at the seaside village of Baltimore.
Prior to 1600 most of the land belonged to the native McCarthy tribe - today McCarthy remains the town's most common surname. The town charter dates back to 1657 and a copy can be seen in the town council Chambers. Skibbereen was established near the 14th-century ruins of the medieval hamlet of 'Spá Elaíne', long after the scourge of the black death (circa 1350) decimated the region. In 1631 it received an influx of refugees fleeing from the Sack of Baltimore. The Phoenix Society was founded in Skibbereen in 1856 a precursor to the Fenian movement.
500 years after the Black Death, once again the region was plagued with terrible famine in the years 1845-52, a time referred to as 'an Gorta Mór' (The Great Hunger). It is probable that some 8,000-10,000 victims of 'The Great Famine' are buried in the Famine Burial Pits of Abbeystrewery Cemetery.
Skibbereen is also the name of a song about the Famine, and the impact it and the British Government had on the people of Ireland. The song, known as Dear Old Skibbereen, takes the form of a conversation between a father and a son, in which the son asks his father why he fled the land he loved so well. The father relates to his son how the famine ruined his farm in Skibbereen, and killed his wife. As the man was unable to pay taxes,
- ...the landlord and the bailiff came to drive us all away.
- They set the roof on fire with their cursed English flame,
- And that's another reason why I left old Skibbereen.
In the final verse the son swears he will return to Skibbereen to take vengeance on the government that he holds accountable. A version can be found on the soundtrack to the PBS mini-series, "The Long Journey Home," performed by Sinéad O'Connor. In the film Michael Collins, Michael Collins, played by Liam Neeson, sings the song. There are also versions by The Dubliners and the Wolfe Tones.
Skibbereen has not forgotten the victims of the Great Famine. A permanent exhibition at the Skibbereen Heritage Centre commemorates that tragic period in Irish history. Skibbereen was the focal point of Ireland's first National Famine Memorial Day on 17 May 2009. The town was selected as it was in one of the areas worst affected by the Great Famine, with a mass grave at Abbeystrewery containing the remains of between 8,000 and 10,000 people.
The Skibbereen Eagle, a newspaper founded in 1857, was famous for its international perspective, publishing an editorial that "told Lord Palmerston that it had “got its eye both upon him and on the Emperor of Russia."", and in August 1914 having a leading article that said “We give this solemn warning to Kaiser Wilhelm: The Skibbereen Eagle has its eye on you.” This newspaper was superseded by the Southern Star, founded in 1889, its first editor D.D. Sheehan, and included amongst its shareholders one Michael Collins.
Transport and communications
- Bus Éireann operates bus services to and from Skibbereen.
- The nearest airport is Cork Airport.
- Skibbereen was formerly served by two railways - the Cork, Bandon and South Coast Railway and the narrow gauge Schull and Skibbereen Railway.
- O'Donovan Rossa (Skibbereen) is the local Gaelic Athletic Association club.
- Skibbereen Golf Club
- Skibbereen Rugby Club
- Skibbereen Rowing Club
- A.F.C.Skibbereen is the local Football Association Club
- Skibbereen Athletics Club
There are three secondary schools located in the town:
- Rossa College - Mixed school
- St Fachtna's de la Salle - Boys school
- Mercy Heights - Girls school
There are four primary schools:
- Abbeystrewry National School - Mixed School
- Gael Scoil Dr O'Suilleabhain - Mixed Irish-Speaking School
- St. Patrick's Primary School - Boys school
- Scoil Naomh Seosamh - Girls School
- Birthplace of Agnes Mary Clerke (1842 - 1907), astronomer and writer
- Jasper Travers Wolfe, Teachta Dála and Solicitor
- Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa, worked in Skibbereen and established O'Donovan Rossa Gaa club
- Birthplace of Percy Ludgate, designer of an Analytical Engine
- Tony Davis, former gaelic footballer, now a gaelic football analyst for RTE's The Sunday Game
- Don Wycherley, actor
- Kieron Moore, actor
- William Joseph Donovan - grandfather came from Skibbereen
- English Actor Jeremy Irons has long maintained a fishing cottage in Skibbereen
- Birthplace of Seamus Davis, physicist and member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences
Community Arts Festival
Skibbereen Arts Festival occurs annually; It takes place the end of July and is a festival that prides itself in showcasing community based projects as well as hosting a varied mix of nationally and internationally acclaimed films, theatre, visual art and music.
Music, local entertainment, and outdoor adventure
The town has strong musical traditions with many different music events held each year. A few bars in town also host various musical acts throughout the week. Baby Hannah's is a popular place for locals to see bands from as far as Poland come play on occasion.
Skibbereen is home to the annual Cork X Southwest Music & Arts Festival. In 2011, Cork X SW was held at Liss Ard Estate and featured Patti Smith, Echo & the Bunnymen, Balkan Beat Box, Fred and Yuck among its two-day lineup. The festival had a camp ground where attendees were able to either pitch a tent or park a camper for both Saturday and Sunday night. Beyond food and merchandise vendors, there was also a section of the festival called Vibrations where there were drum circles and free expression platforms. Besides being home to the festival, the Liss Ard Estate offers several options for walking, swimming, exploring, and discovering the magic of the sky garden crater.
Skibbereen's location near the coast of Ireland makes it a perfect place to pursue sea fishing, scuba diving, sailing, and kayaking.
Also, just outside of town is Tragumna Beach where many people go to swim during the warmer months and also on 25 December for the traditional Christmas Day swim.
A new sewerage scheme to costing €13,100,000. was completed in 2008. The new system stops raw sewage discharging to the river Ilen and greatly improves water quality and appearance. The stream and river has made a full recovery.
- "National Famine Memorial Day".
- Cobham Brewer, E (1898). Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. London: Cassell, and Co. Ltd.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Skibbereen.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Skibbereen.|
- Official Website
- Skibbereen Heritage Centre
- Skibbereen History
- The thriving Saturday Farmers' Market - food, crafts, plants etc
- Official Website Skibbereen Arts Festival