Skidzyel’

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Skidzieĺ
Скідзель
Flag of Skidzieĺ
Flag
Official seal of Skidzieĺ
Seal
Skidzieĺ is located in Belarus
Skidzieĺ
Skidzieĺ
Coordinates: 53°35′00″N 24°15′00″E / 53.58333°N 24.25000°E / 53.58333; 24.25000
Country  Belarus
Voblast Grodno Region
Raion Hrodna district
Population (2009)
 • Total 10,869
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 231761
Area code(s) +375 152
License plate 4

Skidzieĺ (Belarusian: Скідзель, also Скідаль, Skidal’; Polish: Skidel; Russian: Скидель) is a town in the Grodno Region of Belarus located 31 kilometers from Grodno.

History[edit]

Skidziel is sometimes referred to as the former shtetl because 80% of its population was Jewish before the Holocaust. In the course of the 1939 Soviet invasion of Poland the village, located in Nowogródek Voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic, was the site of a pro-Soviet communist revolt against the Polish government leading to massacre of ethnic Poles by killing squads deployed by delegalized Communist Party of Western Belarus, armed with the smuggled Soviet guns soon before the invasion. The event is referred to by historians as the Skidel revolt.[1]

Holocaust[edit]

Small shootings of Jews in the forest close to the city were frequent. The ghetto, where they were kept as prisoners, was liquidated on November 2, 1942. The Jews were taken to nearby Kolbassino (Polish: Kiełbasin) Sammellager transit camp to the south, packed with Jews of the Grodno Ghetto.[2] At this time, they were 22,000 to 28,000 people in the camp. From there, they were sent aboard Holocaust trains to Auschwitz extermination camp.[3]

After World War II, the Grodno headquarters of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was located in Skidal until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marek Wierzbicki, Institute of National Remembrance (2007). "Western Belarus in September 1939 – Polish-Jewish Relations in the kresy". Shared History, Divided Memory: Jews and Others in Soviet-occupied Poland, 1939-1941 by Elazar Barkan, Elizabeth A. Cole, Kai Struve. Leipziger Universitätsverlag. pp. 138–140. ISBN 3865832407. Retrieved December 13, 2012. 
  2. ^ Noah Archer & Chris Webb (2007). "The Grodno Ghetto". H.E.A.R.T. ; as well as Yad Vashem. "Lost Jewish Worlds - Grodno, and "History and Geography of Grodno"". The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority. 
  3. ^ Skidel-Grodno at Yahadmap.org

Coordinates: 53°35′10″N 24°15′07″E / 53.58611°N 24.25194°E / 53.58611; 24.25194