Skif (anti-tank guided missile)
|Place of origin||Ukraine|
|Used by||See Users|
|Wars||War in Donbass|
2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
|Designer||"Luch" State Kyiv Design Bureau|
|Mass||97 kg (214 lb); full system including missile 104 kg (229 lb)|
|Diameter||130 mm, 155 mm|
|Laser beam riding with target tracking in TV or thermal imaging channels in manual or auto mode|
|Manual or automatic|
|Tripod, vehicle mount on remote weapon station (RWS)|
The Skif or Stuhna-P (Ukrainian: Стугна-П) is a Ukrainian anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) system developed in the 2010s by the Luch Design Bureau. The guidance device (ПН-С) of the Skif is developed and manufactured by Belarusian design bureau Peleng based in Minsk while the Stuhna-p uses a domestic Ukrainian one.[needs update] Skif is the Ukrainian word for Scythian and Stuhna is the name of a local river.
The Skif is designed to destroy modern armored targets with combined carried or monolithic armor, including explosive reactive armor (ERA). Skifs can attack both stationary and moving targets. They can attack from both long range (up to 5 km in the daytime) and close range (100m). They can attack point targets such as weapon emplacements, lightly armored objects, and hovering helicopters. The Skif has two targeting modes: manually steered, and automated fire-and-forget that uses no manual tracking of a target. In 2018, an upgraded export variant of the Skif was tested by the Ukrainian military.
The PDU-215 control panel is a briefcase-like laptop computer with a control panel, holding a small joystick and a flat-panel display, that is connected to the firing unit by a cable, allowing it be used at distances up to 50 metres away. Two firing modes are available: manual, and fire-and-forget. Fire-and-forget provides automatic control of the missile flight using a targeting laser beam.
A three to four-person team is optimal for deploying the Skif. Operators require specially-made backpacks. Once the missile is fired, the operator controls the Skif and corrects the aim when needed, by using the joystick on the remote control. The Skif's system has a shelf life of 15 years. The missiles have a 10-year shelf life.
The system comes complete with 130 mm and 152 mm caliber missiles in transport and launching containers. Tandem charge high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) RK-2S warheads might be able to counter medium weight main battle tanks such as the T-90A with penetration of 800 mm behind ERA. RK-2M-K warheads might be able to counter heavy main battle tanks such as M1A2 Abrams with their penetration of 1100 mm behind ERA. The system also includes high explosive (HE) fragmentation RK-2OF and RK-2М-OF warheads to attack infantry positions and light armored vehicles. The system can use all four types of missiles with no modification. The system's thermal imager can be used during night operations. According to a 2014 article, SLX-Hawk thermal imaging camera produced by Selex ES can be installed for use at night and in poor visibility conditions.
130 mm missiles
- Missile caliber: 130 mm
- Firing range (day): 0.1–5 km
- Firing range (night): 0.1–3 km
- Full system weight: 97 kg
- Missile in container weight: 30 kg
- Warhead penetration:
- Container length: 1360 mm
152 mm missiles
System configuration with 152 mm missiles using RK-2M-K and RK-2М-OF warheads:
- Missile caliber: 152 mm
- Firing range (day): 0.1–5.5 km
- Firing range (night): 0.1–3 km
- Full system weight: 104 kg
- Missile in container weight: 37 kg
- Warhead penetration:
- Container length: 1435 mm
SERDAR is a stabilized remote controlled weapon station (RCWS). The system was developed jointly by the Luch Design Bureau, Turkish company Aselsan Spets, and Techno Export, part of Ukraine’s Ukroboronprom enterprise. The system carries two (in some versions four) 130 mm or 152 mm missiles with RK-2S or RK-2M-K tandem-charge HEAT warheads. The system is also equipped with 12.7 mm and 7.62 mm caliber machine guns. A joint company for the production of Skif missiles was established in Turkey and production began in early 2020.
The missile system was used during the pre-2022 Russo-Ukrainian War by Ukrainian forces following first deliveries in 2018. However, it gained wider prominence against Russian Army forces during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine beginning in February alongside anti-tank systems provided by NATO countries such as the FGM-148 Javelin (US), NLAW (UK), and Panzerfaust 3 (Germany). On April 5, 2022, Ukrainian forces used the missile system to down a Russian Kamov Ka-52 attack helicopter.
As the war has moved to the Donbas and fighting has changed from wooded areas to open plains, the missile has been fitted to light vehicles to make it mobile. The Stugna-P is being used in the same way US forces used the TOW missile system in the 1980s and the Gulf War Desert Patrol Vehicle. Its increased range gives it an edge over the NLAW and Javelin missiles. On 25 April, near Izyum, during one engagement four tanks were destroyed or damaged in 4 minutes by the same Stugna-P operator. The Skif missile is also some three times cheaper to manufacture than the Javelin missile.
Many of the missiles were to be exported to Middle Eastern countries. However, upon the outbreak of war these export models were used by Ukrainian soldiers. According to Ukrainian soldiers one Skif missile has hit a Russian tank at 5,300 meters. 300 more than the maximum range of 5 kms.
- Saudi Arabia
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