Skill India

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Skill India
CountryIndia
Prime Minister(s)Narendra Modi
MinistrySkill Development and Entrepreneurship
Key peopleDharmendra Pradhan
Launched15 July 2015; 3 years ago (2015-07-15)
StatusActive
Websitewww.skilldevelopment.gov.in/pmkvy.html
msde.gov.in/index.html

Skill India is a campaign launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 15 July 2015 which aims to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022. It includes various initiatives of the government like "National Skill Development Mission", "National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015", "Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)" and the "Skill Loan scheme".

The National Skill Development Corporation India (NSDC) was setup as a one of its kind, Public Private Partnership Company with the primary mandate of catalysing the skills landscape in India. It is based on the following pillars:

1.Create large and good quality vocational institute.

2.Reduce risk by providing patient capital. Including grants and equality.

3.To enable the creation and sustainability of support systems required for skill development. This includes the Industry led Sector Skill Councils.[1]

PMKVY is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship.The objective is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL). Under this Scheme, Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government.[2]

PMKVY is applicable to any candidate of Indian nationality who is unemployed, school or college dropout, or as identified by the Sector Skill Council (SSC) for their respective job roles.

Rozgar Mela- The Scheme aligns itself to the common norms and, therefore, part of the Training Partner payment structure is linked to the placements. It is, therefore, important for the Training Partner to place at least 50 percent of the batch under PMKVY to ensure that its performance is not downgraded.Group Personal Accident Policy under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (2016-2020) provides coverage to the candidates skilled by/through NSDC under PMKVY for a Sum Insured of 2 Lakhs for Accidental Death/Permanent Total Disablement for a period of three years from the policy generation date for the Candidates certified after 31.03.2018.

The objective of the National Policy on Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015 will be to meet the challenge of skilling at scale with speed and standard (quality). It will aim to provide an umbrella framework to all skilling activities being carried out within the country, to align them to common standards and link the skilling with demand centres.

The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that Skill Loan Scheme was launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 15th July, 2015 with a view to support youth who wish to go through skill training programmes in the Country. This Skill Loan Scheme has replaced earlier Indian Banks Association (IBA) Model Loan Scheme for Vocational Education and Training. The Indian Banks Association (IBA) has already circulated the scheme to the Chief Executives of All Member Banks for implementation of the Scheme. Any Indian National who has secured admission in a course run by Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), Polytechnics or in a school recognised by Central or State education Boards or in a college affiliated to recognised university, training partners affiliated to National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) Sector Skill Councils, State Skill Mission, State Skill Corporation can avail loan for the purpose. [3]

Schemes for the skill development launched by Government of India

1.Deen dayal upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana

2.Pradhan mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

3.Financial Assistance for Skill Training of Persons with Disabilities

4.National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme

5.Craftsmen Training Scheme

6.Apprenticeship training

7.Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra

8.Skill development for minorities

9.Green Skill Development Programme [4]

History[edit]

Skill India campaign was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 15 July 2015 to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022.[5]

Initiatives[edit]

Various initiatives under this campaign are:[6]

  • National Skill Development Mission
  • National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015
  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
  • Skill Loan scheme
  • Rural India Skill

Partnership concept[edit]

UK has entered into a partnership with India under skill India programme. Virtual partnerships will be initiated at the school level to enable young people of these country to experience the school system of the other country and develop an understanding of the culture, traditions and social and family systems. A commitment to achieve mutual recognition of UK and Indian qualifications was made.[7]

Skill India Developments[edit]

Oracle on 12 February 2016 announced that it will build a new 2.8 million sq. ft. campus in Bengaluru will be Oracle's largest outside of its headquarters in Redwood Shores, California.[8] Oracle Academy will launch an initiative to train more than half-a-million students each year to develop computer science skills by expanding its partnerships to 2,700 institutions in India from 1,700 at present.[8]

Japan's private sector is to set up six institutes of manufacturing to train 30,000 people over 10 years in Japanese style manufacturing skills and practices, primarily in the rural areas. Japan-India Institute of Manufacturing (JIM) and Japanese Endowed Courses (JEC) in engineering colleges designated by Japanese companies in India in cooperation between the public and private sectors would be established for this purpose. The first three institutes would be set up in Gujarat, Karnataka and Rajasthan in the summer of 2017.[9]

In the budget of fiscal year 2017 - 18 the government of India has decided to set aside ₹ 17,000 crore, the highest ever allocation to this sector, in order to boost the Skill India Mission. At least ten million Indian youth enter the country’s workforce each year, but the employment creation in India has not been able to absorb this influx, making increasing unemployment a severe problem. Through this allocation the government aims at generating employment and providing livelihood to the millions of young Indians who enter the work force every year.

The government has invested ₹ 4000 crore in the launch of SANKALP (Skill Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion Programme), another big initiative under the Skill India Mission. Through this it aims at providing market relevant training to 350 million young Indians. Apart from this, the government would set up 100 India International Skills Centres that will conduct advanced courses in foreign languages to help youngsters prepare for overseas jobs.[10] It provides opportunities to the youth of India.

Performance[edit]

As of 15 February 2016, the "Indian Leather Development Programme" trained 51,216 youth in a span of 100 days and it plans to train 1,44,000 young persons annually. Four new branches of "Footwear Design & Development Institute" — at Hyderabad, Patna, Banur (Punjab) and Ankleshwar (Gujarat) — are being set up to improve training infrastructure. The industry is undergoing acute skill shortage and most of the people trained are being absorbed by the industry.[11]

In an endeavour to prepare a generation of skilled employees and leaders in alignment with the modern day market demands, Skill India was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2015. Skill India, launched to train over 40 crore citizens with different industry relevant skills by 2022, is to be implemented through a streamlined institutional. [12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ministry of Skill Development And Entrepreneurship". www.msde.gov.in. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  2. ^ "Ministry of Skill Development And Entrepreneurship". www.msde.gov.in. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Skill Loan Scheme". www.pib.nic.in. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Schemes for skill development — Vikaspedia". vikaspedia.in. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  5. ^ "Government to train 40 crore people under Skill India initiative", The Economic Times, 15 July 2015
  6. ^ "PM Modi Launches Skill India Initiative That Aims to Train 40 Crore People", NDTV, 15 July 2015
  7. ^ Modi in UK: 11 British companies support skill development in India, London: Daily News and Analysis, ANI, 13 November 2015
  8. ^ a b "After Digital India, Oracle seeks to participate in Make in India, Start-up India", Live Mint, 13 February 2016
  9. ^ "Japan to set up skill development institutes in Gujarat, Karnataka and Rajasthan". The Economic Times. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  10. ^ "To boost Skill India Mission, Govt sets aside Rs 17,000 crore in Budget". The Economic Times. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  11. ^ "Why Make in India may be the answer to India's unemployment puzzle", The Economic Times, 15 February 2016
  12. ^ "Why Make in India may be the answer to India's unemployment puzzle", The Economic Times, 22 April 2019

External links[edit]