Skillountia

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Skillountia
Σκιλλουντία
Skillountia is located in Greece
Skillountia
Skillountia
Coordinates: 37°36′N 21°41′E / 37.600°N 21.683°E / 37.600; 21.683Coordinates: 37°36′N 21°41′E / 37.600°N 21.683°E / 37.600; 21.683
Country Greece
Administrative region West Greece
Regional unit Elis
Municipality Andritsaina-Krestena
Municipal unit Skillounta
Community[1]
 • Population 341 (2011)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

Skillountia (Greek: Σκιλλουντία, before 1915: Μάζι - Mazi[2]), the ancient Scillus (Ancient Greek: Σκιλλοῦς), is a small village and a community in the municipal unit of Skillounta, Elis, Greece. In 2001 its population was 20 for the village and 341 for the community, including Nea Skillountia. Skillountia is located in the hills south of the river Alfeios. It is 2 km southwest of Frixa, 3 km northeast of Gryllos, 6 km east of Krestena and 7 km southeast of Olympia.

Population[edit]

Year Population village Community population
1991 45 -
2001 28 550
2011 20 341

History[edit]

Skillountia is named after the ancient Triphylian city Scillus. The city featured the Temple of Skillountian Athena. Strabo mentioned that it was founded next to the Alpheus in the area of Fellona (Φελλώνα).[3] Inside the city was the Temple of the Ephesian Artemis which was constructed by Xenophon.[4]

Having been granted land here by the Lacedaemonians, who controlled the area following the Peloponnesian war, Xenophon lived for many years in the city and resided later there following his adventures in Asia, for which he was exiled by the Athenians on account of the help which he brought to Cyrus the Younger, an enemy of Athens, which was allied to the King of Persia, Artaxerxes II.

The ancient city has been found in the locality of Profitis Ilias, near Makrisia. The ruins of the Temple of Athena and several buildings have been excavated.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]