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Henderson (left) on The Tonight Show, New Year's Eve, 1962, with Johnny Carson and Ed McMahon
|Birth name||Lyle Russell Cedric Henderson|
January 27, 1918|
|Died||November 1, 2005
New Milford, Connecticut
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, conductor|
|Associated acts||The New York Pops, The Tonight Show Band|
Lyle Russell Cedric "Skitch" Henderson (January 27, 1918 – November 1, 2005) was a pianist, conductor, and composer. His nickname "Skitch" came from his ability to "re-sketch" a song in a different key and Bing Crosby suggested that he should use the name professionally.
Lyle Russell Cedric "Skitch" Henderson was born in Birmingham, England in 1918 to Joseph and Josephine Henderson, both of Norwegian descent. After his mother died in 1920, he was raised in America by his aunt Hattie Henderson Gift and uncle Frank Gift, on a farm near Halstad, Minnesota. His aunt taught him piano, starting at the age of four. Although he didn't receive formal conservatory education in music, Henderson received classical training under Fritz Reiner, Albert Coates, Arnold Schoenberg, Ernst Toch and Arturo Toscanini, who invited him to conduct the NBC Symphony Orchestra. Henderson would later recount his learning the ropes by playing in taverns with popular singers of the day.
After starting his professional career in the 1930s playing piano in the roadhouses of the American Midwest, Henderson's major break came when he was an accompanist on a 1937 MGM promotional tour featuring Judy Garland and Mickey Rooney. Henderson later said that as a member of MGM's music department, he worked with Garland to learn "Over the Rainbow" during rehearsals for The Wizard of Oz and played piano for her first public performance of the song at a local nightclub before the film was finished. However this account is at odds with the memoirs of the tune's composer, Harold Arlen, who said he first performed the song for the 14-year-old Garland.
During the Second World War, Henderson did some flying, first for the Royal Air Force and then, after becoming a US citizen, for the Army Air Corps.
After the war, Henderson worked for NBC Radio Network, where he was the musical director for Frank Sinatra's Light-Up Time. He was also accompanist on Philco Radio Time with Bing Crosby on the new ABC network. Henderson also played on Bob Hope's Pepsodent Show.
He was indicted on July 2, 1974, on charges of tax evasion for the years 1969 and 1970, concerning claims about the value (allegedly $350,000) of a music library he donated to the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He further claimed he had consulted, regarding the value of his collection, with Leonard Bernstein and Henry Mancini, both of whom denied this. A signature on an acceptance letter from the library director was also deemed a forgery.
Henderson was sentenced on January 17, 1975 to 6 months in prison and fined $10,000. He began serving his sentence at a minimum-security Federal prison on April 9, 1975 and was released after four months, on August 4, 1975.
In 1983, he founded The New York Pops orchestra, which makes its home at Carnegie Hall in New York City. He served as the music director and conductor of the orchestra until his death in 2005. Henderson also conducted numerous symphonic orchestras throughout the world.
His radio work included:
- California Melodies debuted 1940, Mutual, KHJ
- Songs by Sinatra 1946
- I Deal in Crime 1946, ABC
- Philco Radio Time starring Bing Crosby 1946, ABC
- Best of All 1954, NBC
- United States Air Force Presents 1969
- Skitch Henderson with the Music Makers
Henderson served as the original bandleader for The Tonight Show with founding host Steve Allen (as well as for Allen's Sunday-night variety show), then came back to Tonight after the departure of host Jack Paar and his orchestra director José Melis. Henderson left Tonight again in 1966, during Johnny Carson's early years as host, and was replaced first by Milton DeLugg and then trumpeter Doc Severinsen, who headed the NBC orchestra until Carson's 1992 retirement.
- Act One (1963)
He also wrote Baby Made a Change in Me for the 1948 movie On Our Merry Way.
In 1946, Henderson formed his own orchestra and signed a contract with Capitol Records. Among his hundreds of recordings, spanning the era of 78s to DVDs, were two recent releases as pianist for Arbors Records. The two albums were Swinging With Strings and Legends (with Bucky Pizzarelli). He also served as conductor of The New York Pops with Maureen McGovern on With a Song in My Heart: The Great Songs of Richard Rodgers for Reader's Digest and Centaur Records.
Henderson married movie actress and television personality Faye Emerson in 1950. They were divorced seven years later. He then married Ruth Einsiedel in 1958 and raised two children, Hans and Heidi. Hans was married to Sandra Watson for 18 years, before divorcing in 2000. Heidi was married to actor William Hurt from 1989 to 1992, and they have two sons. Skitch and Ruth Henderson owned and operated "The Silo," a renowned store, art gallery, and cooking school in New Milford, Connecticut from 1972 until his death.
In 2003 Ruth and Skitch Henderson co-founded the Hunt Hill Farm Trust, an effort to preserve their farm's land and buildings and to celebrate Americana in music, art and literature through the creation of a living museum.
Awards and honors
An affiliation with the Smithsonian Institution resulted in the Trust's inaugural exhibit: Skitch Henderson: A Man and His Music. On January 29, 2005, the Smithsonian awarded him the James Smithson Bicentennial Medal in recognition of his contributions to American culture.
The Retro Swing Band at the University of Wisconsin plays arrangements from The Tonight Show and the BBC Dance Band included in the Skitch Henderson Collection at the Mills Music Library.
Henderson was known for his unique laugh on the Carson show. In addition to Ed McMahon's famously hearty laugh, Henderson could also frequently be heard laughing on the track, as "Hoo-hoo-hoo!"
- "BING magazine". BING magazine. 133: 17. 2003.
- "The Independent". independent.co.uk. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
- "(untitled brief)" (PDF). Broadcasting. June 1, 1940. p. 83. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- Friedwald, Will (1995). Sinatra! the Song is You: A Singer's Art. Scribner. p. 170. ISBN 9780684193687. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- "Old Gold Is Set" (PDF). Broadcasting. June 10, 1946. p. 96. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- DeLong, Thomas A. (1996). Radio Stars: An Illustrated Biographical Dictionary of 953 Performers, 1920 through 1960. McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-2834-2. P. 127.
- "Capitol Transcriptions ad" (PDF). Broadcasting. December 23, 1946. pp. 56–57. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "(untitled brief)" (PDF). Broadcasting. March 11, 1946. p. 51. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "air-casters" (PDF). Broadcasting. December 25, 1950. p. 52. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- Press release (December 8, 1997). "Mayor Presents Handel Medallion to Skitch Henderson – Founder of New York Pops Receives City's Highest Cultural Award". Mayor of New York City's Press Office. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
- Skitch Henderson, Obituaries, Los Angeles Times, November 2, 2005.
- Ol' Blue Eyes and me. Patrice, John, Evening Mail (Birmingham, England), February 2, 2005.
- Skitch Henderson The New York Pops biography
- The Road From Vaudeville to Carnegie Hall
- Associated Press: Skitch Henderson Dies at 87
- Hunt Hill Farm Trust
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Skitch Henderson.|
|The Tonight Show bandleader
|The Tonight Show bandleader