The parish of Skjeberg was established as a municipality January 1, 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The property Hagelund with 8 inhabitants was moved to Halden municipality January 1, 1968. The rural municipality of Skjeberg was (together with Tune and Varteig) merged with the city of Sarpsborg January 1, 1992. Prior to the merger Skjeberg had a population of 14,295. 
Skjeberg Church (Skjeberg Kirke) is located in what was until 1992, Skjeberg municipality, and now part of the municipality of Sarpsborg. The church is located approx. 7 km southeast of Sarpsborg and is the center of the parish of Skjeberg. The medieval church dates to the 1100s and was enlarged during the 1400s. Skjeberg church is built of stone in Romanesque style, but has a Gothic entrance hall. In the middle of the 17th century, the church received an octagonal rooftop. The oak pulpit is from 1623. The altar dates from approx. 1760.  
The municipality (originally the parish) was named after the old farm of Skjeberg (Old Norse: *Skjalfberg), since the first church was built there. The first element is (probably) skjalf f 'shelf', the last element is berg n 'rocky hill, mountain'.
- Statistics Norway (2009). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality. 1 January 2009".
- Dag Jukvam / Statistics Norway (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen".
- "Skjeberg kirke". lokalhistoriewiki. Retrieved September 1, 2018.
- Sigrid Marie Christie, Håkon Christie. "Skjeberg kirke". Norges Kirker. Retrieved September 1, 2018.
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