Skjervøy

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Skjervøy kommune

Skiervvá suohkan
Kieruan komuuni
View of the village of Årviksand
View of the village of Årviksand
Coat of arms of Skjervøy kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Skjervøy kommune
Troms within
Norway
Skjervøy within Troms
Skjervøy within Troms
Coordinates: 70°05′07″N 20°39′34″E / 70.08528°N 20.65944°E / 70.08528; 20.65944Coordinates: 70°05′07″N 20°39′34″E / 70.08528°N 20.65944°E / 70.08528; 20.65944
CountryNorway
CountyTroms
DistrictNord-Troms
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreSkjervøy
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Ørjan Albrigtsen (Coalition between KrF and Kp)
Area
 • Total473.70 km2 (182.90 sq mi)
 • Land464.99 km2 (179.53 sq mi)
 • Water8.71 km2 (3.36 sq mi)  1.8%
Area rank#214 in Norway
Population
(2018)
 • Total2,925
 • Rank#270 in Norway
 • Density6.3/km2 (16/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
-0.3%
Demonym(s)Skjervøyværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1941
Official language formBokmål
Websiteskjervoy.kommune.no

Skjervøy (Northern Sami: Skiervvá suohkan; Kven: Kieruan komuuni) is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Skjervøy on the island of Skjervøya, where most of the inhabitants live. The main industries are fishing and shipbuilding.

The 474-square-kilometre (183 sq mi) municipality is the 214th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Skjervøy is the 270th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,925. The municipality's population density is 6.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (16/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 0.3% over the last decade.[2][3]

General information[edit]

The municipality of Skjervøe (later spelled Skjervøy) was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1863, the southeastern (inland) part of the municipality (population: 1,677) was separated to form the new Kvænangen Municipality. This left 2,785 people in Skjervøy. Then on 1 January 1886 the southern part of the municipality (population: 1,057) was separated from Skjervøy to form the new Nordreisa Municipality. This left 2,096 inhabitants in Skjervøy.

On 1 January 1890, the Trætten and Loppevolden farms (population: 32) were transferred from Skjervøy to Nordreisa. On 1 January 1965, the Meilands area (population: 12) was transferred to Kvænangen. On 1 January 1972, the parts of Skjervøy lying on the mainland (population: 1,556) were transferred from Skjervøy to Nordreisa, and the uninhabited Mannskarvik farm was transferred to Kvænangen. Then on 1 January 1982 the southern part of the island of Uløya (population: 128) was transferred from Skjervøy to Nordreisa.[4]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the small island of Skjervøya (Old Norse: Skerføy), since the first Skjervøy Church was built there. The first element is skerf which means "rocky ground" and the last element is øy which means "island". Before 1909 the name was written Skjervø, and earlier it was spelled Skjervøe.[5]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 27 March 1987. The arms show the black head of a cormorant on a silver background, partly canting since skarf means cormorant. The cormorant also symbolizes the coastal municipality, which (like the bird) is dependent on fishing for its living. The cormorant is also a common bird in the area.[6]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Skjervøy. It is part of the Nord-Troms prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Skjervøy
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Skjervøy Arnøy Church Arnøyhamn 1978
Skjervøy Church Skjervøy 1728

History[edit]

Skjervøy Church dates back to 1728 and it is the oldest wooden church in Troms county. The village of Maursund is an old trading post with well-preserved 19th-century houses.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Skjervøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[7] The municipality falls under the Nord-Troms District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Skjervøy is made up of 19 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[8]

Skjervøy Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet4
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet3
 Conservative PartyHøyre1
 Centre PartySenterpartiet4
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti2
 Local ListsLokale lister5
Total number of members:19

Geography[edit]

The island municipality is surrounded by the Norwegian Sea to the north, Ullsfjorden to the west, Lyngenfjorden to the southwest, Reisafjorden to the southeast, and Kvænangen fjord to the east. The municipality consists of several islands, the major one being Arnøya, with the villages of Årviksand, Akkarvik, and Arnøyhamn. Most people, however, live on the relatively small island of Skjervøya, where more than 2,316 people live in the central village of Skjervøy with its sheltered harbour.[9] The other islands include Haukøya, Kågen, Laukøya, Vorterøya, and the northern half of Uløya. Kågen and Skjervøya are connected by the Skjervøy Bridge. Kågen is connected to the mainland by the Maursund Tunnel.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Skjervøy
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.5
(25.7)
−3.5
(25.7)
−2.3
(27.9)
0.7
(33.3)
4.9
(40.8)
8.8
(47.8)
11.8
(53.2)
11.1
(52.0)
7.5
(45.5)
3.4
(38.1)
−0.5
(31.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
3.0
(37.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 76
(3.0)
75
(3.0)
59
(2.3)
51
(2.0)
42
(1.7)
52
(2.0)
57
(2.2)
73
(2.9)
69
(2.7)
107
(4.2)
86
(3.4)
83
(3.3)
830
(32.7)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[10]

Transportation[edit]

The Hurtigruten (coastal cruise and cargo ship service) stops at the village of Skjervøy. There is also a scheduled express ferry operated by Boreal Transport Nord AS with intermediate stops between the village of Skjervøy and the city of Tromsø. The undersea Maursund Tunnel connects this island with the mainland to the south. There are also ferry connections between the islands of Arnøya and Laukøya offered by both Boreal Transport Nord AS and Torghatten Nord AS. Sørkjosen Airport offers flights to Tromsø and several destinations in Finnmark.

Media gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 176.
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-08-04.
  7. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
  8. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  9. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2012). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality". Archived from the original on 13 November 2012.
  10. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.

External links[edit]