Skoda 100 mm Model 1916

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10 cm Gebirgshaubitze M. 16
Skoda 100 mm model 1916
Skoda 100 mm model 1916
TypeMountain gun
Place of originAustria-Hungary
Service history
In service1916-1945
Used by Austria-Hungary
 Austria
 Czechoslovakia
 Germany1918-1933
 Nazi Germany
 Greece
 Hungary
 Italy
 Poland
 Romania
 Turkey
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia
WarsWorld War I, World War II
Production history
DesignerSkoda
ManufacturerSkoda
Produced1915—18
Variants10.5 cm Gebirgshaubitze M. 16(T)
Specifications
Mass1,235 kg (2,723 lb)
Barrel length1.93 m (6 ft 4 in) L/19[1]

Shell100 x 132 mm R[2]
Shell weight16 kg (35 lb) (Czech)
13.4 kg (30 lb) (Italian)
Caliber100 mm (3.9 in)
BreechHorizontal sliding-wedge
RecoilHydro-pneumatic
CarriageBox trail
Elevation-8° to +70°
Traverse5.5°[1]
Rate of fire5 rpm
Muzzle velocity341 m/s (1,120 ft/s) (Czech)
407 m/s (1,340 ft/s) (Italian)
Effective firing range7,090 m (7,750 yd) (Czech)
Maximum firing range8,490 m (9,280 yd) (Italian)[1]

The Skoda 100 mm Model 1916 (100 mm M.16) was a mountain howitzer used by Austria-Hungary during World War I. The Turks used a 105 mm variant, the M.16(T). The Wehrmacht redesignated this as the 10 cm GebH 16 or 16(ö). Guns acquired from Italy, after 1943, were known as 10 cm GebH 316(i); those acquired from Czechoslovakia were 10 cm GebH 16(t). The Italians referred to weapons gained either through capture or reparations as the Obice da 100/17 modello 16. The gun could be broken into three sections, intended for towing by two animal carts. The gun crew was protected by a gun shield. The Italians used lighter shells than the Czechs, which accounts for the greater range and muzzle velocity of their guns.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Chamberlain, Peter (1975). Infantry, mountain, and airborne guns. Gander, Terry. New York: Arco. p. 11. ISBN 0668038195. OCLC 2067391.
  2. ^ "78- MM CALIBRE CARTRIDGES". www.quarryhs.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-02.

References[edit]

  • Chamberlain, Peter and Gander, Terry. Infantry, Mountain and Airborne Guns. New York: Arco, 1975
  • Gander, Terry and Chamberlain, Peter. Weapons of the Third Reich: An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery and Special Weapons of the German Land Forces 1939-1945. New York: Doubleday, 1979 ISBN 0-385-15090-3

External links[edit]

Media related to Skoda 100 mm Model 1916 at Wikimedia Commons