Škoda 10 T
|Škoda 10 T|
|Assembly||Plzeň, Czech Republic|
|Successor||Škoda 15 T|
|Train length||20,130 mm (793 in)|
|Width||2,460 mm (97 in)|
|Height||3,440 mm (135 in)|
|Floor height||350 mm (13.78 in)/780 mm (30.71 in)|
|Doors||6 (3 per side)|
|Maximum speed||70 km/h (43 mph)|
|Weight||28.8 t (28.3 long tons; 31.7 short tons)|
|Power output||360 kW (480 hp)
(4 x 90 kW or 120 hp)
|Minimum turning radius||18 m (59 ft)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
The vehicle is four-axled, and is based on the Škoda 03 T, which is a uni-directional model operating in a few cities in the Czech Republic. The low-floor area represents 50% of the entire vehicle floor.
As of April 2009[update], 10 trams have been produced and delivered to:
- United States:
Those ten trams were constructed at a Škoda factory in the Czech Republic and shipped complete to the USA, under a joint venture between Škoda and Inekon Group, with Inekon having been responsible for most of the mechanical design, as well as marketing and shipping, and with Škoda having manufactured the vehicles. However, the relationship between the two companies deteriorated, and the partnership collapsed in 2001. Škoda 10T cars that had been ordered in 2000 or 2001 were delivered by Inekon to Portland and Tacoma in 2002, which was already after the Škoda-Inekon joint venture had effectively been dissolved. Inekon Group formed a new venture, named DPO Inekon, selling a slightly modified version of the 10T (which it named 12 Trio), while Škoda continued to offer the 10T.
In 2006, Škoda entered into an agreement with a US company to permit the latter to construct a 10T tram (streetcar) under license. Oregon Iron Works (OIW), a specialized manufacturing company based in Clackamas, Oregon (an unincorporated community in the southeastern suburbs of Portland), signed an exclusive technology transfer agreement with Škoda in February 2006, and in January 2007 it was awarded a contract to build one 10T streetcar for the Portland Streetcar system. OIW created a new subsidiary named United Streetcar LLC for this venture.
This eleventh Škoda 10T, or first United Streetcar 10T, was completed and delivered to Portland Streetcar in spring 2009. It was presented to the public and media at a ceremony held on July 1, 2009 in Portland, but will need to complete acceptance testing before it is approved to enter service. In August 2009, Portland signed a US$20 million contract with United Streetcar for the supply of six more streetcars, to be delivered in 2011-12. The city of Tucson, Arizona, has announced plans to order seven 10T streetcars from United Streetcar for a new tram line expected to be built there, but that order has not yet been finalized.
- Škoda 03 T – unidirectional version marketed in Europe
- Škoda 06 T - bidirectional model for Cagliari, Italy; Škoda 19 T - bidirectional model for Wrocław, Poland
- Inekon Trams – sells the very similar 12 Trio model
- United Streetcar – sells the same tram design made under Škoda licence in the USA with propulsion equipment—the motors and electronic control system—fabricated by Škoda. (As of 2010 only one car has been built.)
- "Streetcar 10 T: Bi-directional three-section low-floor streetcar for Portland and Tacoma". Škoda Transportation. Archived from the original on January 11, 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- "Czechs want to introduce trams to Dakar". Hospodářské noviny newspaper. 13 September 2006. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- Tramways & Urban Transit magazine, September 2003, p. 347. Light Rail Transit Association (UK).
- "About United Streetcar". United Streetcar. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
- "Oregon Iron Works gets contract for streetcar". Portland Business Journal. January 26, 2007. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
- Brugger, Joe (July 1, 2009). "Transportation secretary watches as 'Made in USA' streetcar makes debut". The Oregonian. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
- Rivera, Dylan (August 14, 2009). "Portland inks $20 million deal for locally made streetcars". The Oregonian. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
- "Oregon Iron Works snares $26M contract". Portland Business Journal. May 27, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
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