Skolelinux

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Skolelinux
DeveloperSkolelinux team
OS familyUnix-like
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Initial releaseJune 20, 2004
Latest release7.1+edu0 / September 28, 2013[1]
Latest preview8.0+edu~alpha0 / October 28, 2014[2]
Marketing targetEducational purpose
PlatformsIA-32, x86-64
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux)
Default user interfaceKDE Software Compilation, GNOME, LXDE,
LicenseFree software licenses
(mainly GPL)
Official websiteskolelinux.org

Skolelinux/Debian-Edu is an operating system intended for educational use and a Debian Pure Blend.[3] The free and open source software project was founded in Norway in 2001 and is by now being internationally developed. Its name is a direct translation of "school linux" from Norwegian, skole derived from the Latin word schola.

Design and principles

Skolelinux offers four different installation profiles on one compact disk that will easily install a pre-configured educational network, including a main server, workstations and Thin client-servers. In short, its major goals are to:

  • Create a Linux distribution tailored for schools—based on their needs and resources.
    • Simplify maintenance of computer facilities.
    • Provide a thin client-solution, which eases maintenance, reduces costs and allows use of old hardware.
  • Cut costs by using open source software and re-using old hardware.
  • Identify and facilitate suitable programs for use in the schools.
  • Enable teachers to provide high quality IT teaching to their students.
  • Localize the IT infrastructure by translating the software pages to both official writing forms of NorwegianBokmål and Nynorsk, as well as Northern Sami. This goal is later extended to reach out to all languages though in schools around the world.

History

The Skolelinux project was started on July 2, 2001. Twenty-five computer programmers and translators agreed to improve the use of software in education.[4] They disliked that the next generation of computer users were not able to have access to source code, arguing that children who are interested should be able to learn from expert programmers to create their own software. Other developers, especially the translators, were interested in providing computer programs in the students' native languages. These developers thought that students should be able to navigate the internet by having "road signs" they would understand.

The Skolelinux project was associated with the member organisation "Linux in schools", which was founded on July 16, 2001. "Linux in schools" later changed its name to "Free Software in Schools" by the annual meeting on October 16, 2004. German teachers, developers and translators joined Skolelinux throughout 2002. In 2003, Skolelinux was included step-by-step as a standard part of Debian.

Since 2003, many developers from around the world have joined the project, with developers in France, Greece and Germany being the most active. The Skolelinux project also cooperates with many other free educational software projects such as LTSP, gnuLinEx, Edubuntu, K12LTSP, KDE, Gnome, Firefox and OpenOffice.org. Similar organisations have also been established in Spain, Germany,[5] Latvia, France, Brasil and Denmark.

Skolelinux has been a major contributor to rewriting the Debian-Installer. In addition, Skolelinux has conducted extensive development and testing of thin clients and diskless workstations as a part of the new LTSP version 5.

A total of 196 schools using Skolelinux are currently listed on the DebianEdu Wiki. This case study[6] of implementing Skolelinux at a school in Greece is typical of user experiences.[7]

Releases

Version Date Comment
1.0 2004-06-20 codenamed "Venus" (after the almost concurrent Venus transit), is based on Debian Woody.
2.0 2006-03-14 codenamed "DebianEdu" (after Skolelinux was adopted as part of the Debian sub-project with that name), is based on Debian Sarge.
3.0 2007-07-22 codenamed "Terra", is based on Debian Etch.[8]
5.0 2010-02-09 aka Debian Edu 5.0.4+edu0 is based on Debian Lenny.[9]
6.0 2012-03-11 aka Debian Edu 6.0.4+edu0 is based on Debian Squeeze.[10]
7.1 2013-09-28 aka Debian Edu 7.1+edu0 is based on Debian Wheezy.[11]

Funding

Skolelinux development is sponsored by the SLX Debian Labs Foundation on a yearly basis. The Norwegian Ministry of Education and The Ministry of Reform and Administration has sponsored the project. Also private donors and companies have provided sponsorship. This helps organize 7–10 developer gatherings annually in Norway, Spain and Germany.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Debian Edu / Skolelinux Wheezy – a complete Linux solution for your school". Debian. September 28, 2013. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  2. ^ "First Jessie based Debian Edu released (alpha0)". Debian Edu. October 27, 2014. Retrieved October 29, 2014.
  3. ^ "Debian Edu/Skolelinux: A distribution for education". Linux Weekly News. March 28, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  4. ^ Haugnes, Gunhild (July 25, 2001). "Dugnad for gratis programvare". Aftenposten.no. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
  5. ^ Gramlich, Kurt. "Skolelinux – Free Software in Education". Skolelinux Team Germany. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  6. ^ Giannis, Kondylis. "Skolelinux thin client solution". https://schoolforge.net/education-case-studies. Schoolforge.net. Retrieved February 28, 2012. External link in |work= (help)
  7. ^ Blaatid, Jan. "Experiences from the Use of Skolelinu" (PDF). NorOSIne. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  8. ^ DebianEdu (July 22, 2007). "Press release DebianEdu-3.0 "Terra"". DebianEdu Wiki. Retrieved July 24, 2007. External link in |work= (help)
  9. ^ Holger Levsen (February 9, 2010). "Lenny based Debian Edu 5.0.4+edu0 available (aka Skolelinux)". Debian Edu Announce mailinglist. Retrieved February 9, 2010. External link in |work= (help)
  10. ^ Debian press team (March 11, 2012). ""Squeeze" based Debian Edu version released". Debian Edu Announce mailinglist. Retrieved March 14, 2012. External link in |work= (help)
  11. ^ David Prévot (September 28, 2013). "Debian Edu / Skolelinux Wheezy – a complete Linux solution for your school". Retrieved September 29, 2013.

External links