# Skorokhod's representation theorem

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In mathematics and statistics, Skorokhod's representation theorem is a result that shows that a weakly convergent sequence of probability measures whose limit measure is sufficiently well-behaved can be represented as the distribution/law of a pointwise convergent sequence of random variables defined on a common probability space. It is named for the Soviet mathematician A. V. Skorokhod.

## Statement of the theorem

Let $\mu _{n}$ , $n\in \mathbb {N}$ be a sequence of probability measures on a metric space $S$ such that $\mu _{n}$ converges weakly to some probability measure $\mu _{\infty }$ on $S$ as $n\to \infty$ . Suppose also that the support of $\mu _{\infty }$ is separable. Then there exist random variables $X_{n}$ defined on a common probability space $(\Omega ,{\mathcal {F}},\mathbf {P} )$ such that the law of $X_{n}$ is $\mu _{n}$ for all $n$ (including $n=\infty$ ) and such that $X_{n}$ converges to $X_{\infty }$ , $\mathbf {P}$ -almost surely.