Battle of Skra-di-Legen

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Battle of Skra di Legen
Part of World War I
Lieutenant General Emmanouil Zymvrakakis (right) with his Chief of Staff
Date May 29–31, 1918
Location Skra, Greece
Result Allied victory
Commanders and leaders
Greece Emmanouil Zymvrakakis Bulgaria Ivan Bonchev
Greece: 5 regiments from 3 divisions,
France: 1 brigade
Bulgaria: 1 brigade
Casualties and losses
441 killed
164 missing
2,227 wounded[1]
600 killed,
2,313 taken prisoner (incl. wounded)
35 machine guns and other materiel captured

The Battle of Skra di Legen (Skora di Legen) was a two-day battle which took place at the Skra fortified position, located northeast of Mount Paiko, which is north-west of Thessaloniki, on May 29–30, 1918, on the Macedonian front of World War I. The battle was the first large-scale employment of Greek troops of the newly established Army of National Defence on the front, and resulted in the capture of the heavily fortified Bulgarian position.

The Allied force comprised three Greek divisions of the National Defence Army Corps under Lieutenant General Emmanouil Zymvrakakis, plus one French brigade. The three Greek divisions included the Archipelago Division under Major General Dimitrios Ioannou, the Crete Division under Major General Panagiotis Spiliadis, and the Serres Division under Lieutenant Colonel Epameinondas Zymvrakakis. The 5th and 6th Regiments from the Archipelago Division were in the center, the 7th and 8th Regiments from the Crete Division were on the right flank and the 1st Regiment of the Serres Division was on the left flank.

The battle[edit]

A Bulgarian gun captured by the Allies at Skra
Bulgarian prisoners of war
Bulgarian soldiers during the battle

In the early morning of 29 May 1918, Greek artillery fired on Bulgarian positions in preparation for the next morning's assault.

On 06.30, 30 May 1918, Allied forces captured Skra from the heavily outnumbered Bulgarians. Starting from the evening of the same day until May 31, the Bulgarian army launched several counterattacks on positions held by the Crete Division. All attacks were repelled, cementing the Allied victory.

In the battle, 441 Allied soldiers were killed, 2,227 wounded and 164 missing in action. Bulgaria suffered 600 soldiers killed and 2045 taken prisoner. 32 machine guns and 12 artillery pieces were also captured.


  • Source Records of the Great War, Vol. VI, ed. Charles F. Horne, National Alumni 1923
  • Grigorios Dafnis, Sofoklis Eleftheriou Venizelos (Athens: Ikaros, 1970) pp. 44–47.


  1. ^ article:"Η Μάχη του Σκρα Ντι Λέγκεν", Στρατιωτική Ιστορία journal, no. 69, May 2002

External links[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°05′20″N 22°23′40″E / 41.08889°N 22.39444°E / 41.08889; 22.39444