Skradin

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Skradin
Grad Skradin
Town of Skradin
View of Skradin
View of Skradin
Skradin is located in Croatia
Skradin
Skradin
Location of Skradin within Croatia
Coordinates: 43°49′N 15°55′E / 43.817°N 15.917°E / 43.817; 15.917Coordinates: 43°49′N 15°55′E / 43.817°N 15.917°E / 43.817; 15.917
Country Croatia
CountyFlag of Šibenik-Knin County.png Šibenik-Knin
Government
 • MayorAntonio Brajković (HDZ)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total3,823
 3,986 (municipality)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
22222
Area code(s)022
WebsiteSkradin.hr

Skradin (Italian: Scardona) is a small town in the Šibenik-Knin County of Croatia, with a population about 3,986 (2001 census). It is located near the Krka river and at the entrance to the Krka National Park, 17 km (11 mi) from Šibenik and 100 km (62 mi) from Split. The main attraction of the park, Slapovi Krke, is a series of waterfalls, the biggest of which, Skradinski buk, was named after Skradin.

Name[edit]

The name "Scardona" probably comes from the Indo-European root *(s)kwer, meaning cliff. The same root is seen, for instance, in Cersia (the ancient name for Cres).[1][unreliable source?]

History[edit]

It was an Illyrian settlement (Scardona) on the boundary between the Delmati and the Liburnian tribes. It was better known as a Roman town, as the administrative and military centre of the region. It was destroyed during the Migration Period, and had by the 9th century been settled by Slavs.

During the 10th century, it was one of the fortified towns in Croatia, as the centre of the Skradin županija.

Skradin under Šubić rule[edit]

In the late 13th and early 14th cenuries, Skradin flourished as the capital of the Šubić bans, Paul I and Mladen II. The Šubić's built the Turina fortress on the hill overlooking the Skradin harbor.[2] They elevated the settlement below the fortress to a free city, at which point it also became a commune, and was granted its own statute and administraton.[3][4][5] They further enriched the city by constructing several richly-endowed monasteries which housed the Dominicans, Franciscans and other Christian orders.[6]

Decline and Ottoman conquest[edit]

Skradin after Ottoman conquest in 1574

Between 1522 and 1684 it was ruled by the Ottoman Empire, then again up to 1794 by the Republic of Venice.

In October 1683, the population of Venetian Dalmatia, principally Uskoks of Ravni kotari, took arms and together with the rayah (lower class) of the Ottoman frontier regions rose up, taking Skradin, Karin, Vrana, Benkovac and Obrovac.[7]

Later, it was occupied by Napoleon as part of the French Empire, then Austria-Hungary.

In time it lost its importance as the centre of the region, which shifted to Šibenik, and so it stagnated - the Diocese of Skradin was abandoned in 1828.[8]

Town centre
Turina Fortress above the town

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://linguistforum.com/outside-of-the-box/croatian-toponyms/
  2. ^ https://www.slobodnadalmacija.hr/dalmacija/sibenik/clanak/id/108953/turina-i-dalje-u-mraku--grad-spomenik-gubi-identitet
  3. ^ https://repozitorij.hrstud.unizg.hr/islandora/object/hrstud:1190
  4. ^ https://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak&id_clanak_jezik=236476
  5. ^ https://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak&id_clanak_jezik=307648
  6. ^ http://www.enciklopedija.hr/Natuknica.aspx?ID=56495
  7. ^ Radovan Samardžić (1990). Seobe srpskog naroda od XIV do XX veka: zbornik radova posvećen tristagodišnjici velike seobe Srba. Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva. Становништво Млетачке Далмације, на првом месту Котарски ускоци, још у октобру 1683. дигло се на оружје заједно с ра- јом у пограничним крајевима Турске. Устаници су "сами заузели Скрадин, Карин, Врану, Бенковац и Обровац
  8. ^ Naklada Naprijed, The Croatian Adriatic Tourist Guide, pg. 209, Zagreb (1999), ISBN 953-178-097-8

External links[edit]