Skradin

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Skradin
Grad Skradin
Town of Skradin
View of Skradin
View of Skradin
Skradin is located in Croatia
Skradin
Skradin
Location of Skradin within Croatia
Coordinates: 43°49′N 15°55′E / 43.817°N 15.917°E / 43.817; 15.917Coordinates: 43°49′N 15°55′E / 43.817°N 15.917°E / 43.817; 15.917
Country Croatia
CountyFlag of Šibenik County.svg Šibenik-Knin
Government
 • MayorAntonio Štrkalj (HDZ)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total3,825
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
22222
Area code(s)022
Websitewww.skradin.hr

Skradin (Italian: Scardona; Ancient Greek: Σκάρδων[2]) is a small town in the Šibenik-Knin County of Croatia, with a population of 3,825 (2011 census). It is located near the Krka river and at the entrance to the Krka National Park, 17 km (11 mi) from Šibenik and 100 km (62 mi) from Split. The main attraction of the park, Slapovi Krke, is a series of waterfalls, the biggest of which, Skradinski buk, was named after Skradin.

History[edit]

It was a Liburnian city, named Scardon (Ancient Greek: Σκάρδων).[2] Later it became a Roman town (Scardona in Latin) , as the administrative and military centre of the region. It was destroyed during the Migration Period, and had by the 9th century been settled by Slavs.

During the 10th century, it was one of the fortified towns in Croatia, as the centre of the Skradin županija.

Skradin under Šubić rule[edit]

Turina Fortress above the town

In the late 13th and early 14th centuries, Skradin flourished as the capital of the Šubić bans, Paul I and Mladen II. The Šubić's built the Turina fortress on the hill overlooking the Skradin harbor.[3] They elevated the settlement below the fortress to a free city, at which point it also became a commune, and was granted its own statute and administration.[4][5][6] They further enriched the city by constructing several richly-endowed monasteries which housed the Dominicans, Franciscans and other Christian orders.[7]

Decline and Ottoman conquest[edit]

Skradin after Ottoman conquest in 1574

Between 1522 and 1684 it was ruled by the Ottoman Empire, then again up to 1794 by the Republic of Venice.

In October 1683, the population of Venetian Dalmatia, principally Uskoks of Ravni kotari, took arms and together with the rayah (lower class) of the Ottoman frontier regions rose up, taking Skradin, Karin, Vrana, Benkovac and Obrovac.[8]

Later, it was occupied by Napoleon as part of the French Empire, then Austria-Hungary.

In time it lost its importance as the centre of the region, which shifted to Šibenik, and so it stagnated - the Diocese of Skradin was abandoned in 1828.[9]

Population[edit]

Town of Skradin: Population trends 1857–2021
population
4997
5711
5865
6055
7019
7663
8454
8634
9316
10135
10294
9585
8716
8027
3986
3825
3349
18571869188018901900191019211931194819531961197119811991200120112021

The population of the municipality is divided into the following settlements:[1]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Skradin". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  2. ^ a b Strabo, Geography, §7.5.4
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-04-16. Retrieved 2019-04-16.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Erceg, Anđela (29 September 2017). Kulturna i politička povijest grada Skradina u 19. Stoljeću (info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis). University of Zagreb. Department of Croatian Studies. Division of Croatology.
  5. ^ Klaić, Nada (24 December 1980). "How Skradin Liberated Itself from the Supremacy of the Princes of Bribir". Prilozi Povijesti Umjetnosti U Dalmaciji. 22 (1): 30–40.
  6. ^ Pezelj, Vilma; Erent Sunko, Zrinka; Harašić, Žaklina (2018). "Pravni položaj žene po odredbama srednjovjekovnog Skradinskog statuta". Zbornik Radova Pravnog Fakulteta U Splitu. 55 (4): 721–754. doi:10.31141/zrpfs.2018.55.130.721. S2CID 189512517.
  7. ^ "Skradin | Hrvatska enciklopedija".
  8. ^ Radovan Samardžić (1990). Seobe srpskog naroda od XIV do XX veka: zbornik radova posvećen tristagodišnjici velike seobe Srba. Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva. ISBN 9788617015631. Становништво Млетачке Далмације, на првом месту Котарски ускоци, још у октобру 1683. дигло се на оружје заједно с ра- јом у пограничним крајевима Турске. Устаници су "сами заузели Скрадин, Карин, Врану, Бенковац и Обровац
  9. ^ Naklada Naprijed, The Croatian Adriatic Tourist Guide, pg. 209, Zagreb (1999), ISBN 953-178-097-8

External links[edit]