Town of Skradin
View of Skradin
|• Mayor||Antonio Brajković (HDZ)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Skradin (Italian: Scardona) is a small town in the Šibenik-Knin County of Croatia, with a population about 3,986 (2001 census). It is located near the Krka river and at the entrance to the Krka National Park, 17 km (11 mi) from Šibenik and 100 km (62 mi) from Split. The main attraction of the park, Slapovi Krke, is a series of waterfalls, the biggest of which, Skradinski buk, was named after Skradin.
It was an Illyrian settlement (Scardona) on the boundary between the Delmati and the Liburnian tribes. It was better known as a Roman town, as the administrative and military centre of the region. It was destroyed during the Migration Period, and had by the 9th century been settled by Slavs.
During the 10th century, it was one of the fortified towns in Croatia, as the centre of the Skradin županija.
Skradin under Šubić rule
In the late 13th and early 14th cenuries, Skradin flourished as the capital of the Šubić bans, Paul I and Mladen II. The Šubić's built the Turina fortress on the hill overlooking the Skradin harbor. They elevated the settlement below the fortress to a free city, at which point it also became a commune, and was granted its own statute and administraton. They further enriched the city by constructing several richly-endowed monasteries which housed the Dominicans, Franciscans and other Christian orders.
Decline and Ottoman conquest
In October 1683, the population of Venetian Dalmatia, principally Uskoks of Ravni kotari, took arms and together with the rayah (lower class) of the Ottoman frontier regions rose up, taking Skradin, Karin, Vrana, Benkovac and Obrovac.
- Radovan Samardžić (1990). Seobe srpskog naroda od XIV do XX veka: zbornik radova posvećen tristagodišnjici velike seobe Srba. Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva.
Становништво Млетачке Далмације, на првом месту Котарски ускоци, још у октобру 1683. дигло се на оружје заједно с ра- јом у пограничним крајевима Турске. Устаници су "сами заузели Скрадин, Карин, Врану, Бенковац и Обровац
- Naklada Naprijed, The Croatian Adriatic Tourist Guide, pg. 209, Zagreb (1999), ISBN 953-178-097-8