From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Developer(s)The Neverhood, Inc.[2]
Publisher(s)Electronic Arts
Designer(s)Joseph Sanabria
Vanessa Jones
Nicholas Jones
Programmer(s)Brian Belfield
Kenton Leach
Tim Lorenzen
Artist(s)Stephen Crow
Mark Lorenzen
Ellis Goodson
Composer(s)Terry Scott Taylor
EngineThe Neverhood, Inc.
  • NA: February 6, 1998[1]
  • EU: February 20, 1998

Skullmonkeys is a platform video game developed by The Neverhood, Inc. and published by Electronic Arts for PlayStation. It is the sequel to The Neverhood, and rather than being an adventure game, it is a platformer. Players again take control of Klaymen, who this time must defeat a horde of creatures called Skullmonkeys under the command of his old foe Klogg.

The game met with negative reviews, as critics liked the game's unique visual style (as with The Neverhood, the characters were all sculpted from clay) and music, but bemoaned the monotony and lack of innovation in the gameplay. Terry Scott Taylor composed the soundtrack.


The evil Klogg was banished from The Neverhood at the end of the first game, but has now ended up on the Planet Idznak, which is inhabited by creatures known as Skullmonkeys and an insect race known as YNT. Klogg becomes the leader of the Skullmonkeys and sets off to make "Evil engine number 9" to destroy the Neverhood, while Klaymen is brought onto the scene to stop him.


In the single-player platform game, the player controls Klaymen, a resident of the Neverhood who is kidnapped in order to prevent the destruction of the Neverhood. He can jump, duck, look up, and grab a wide range of items such as a halo (allowing him to withstand more than one hit) and a wide range of quirky and crude projectile weapons. Aside from the assortment of weapons, enemies and bosses can be destroyed by jumping on them, and there are several secret levels (set to 1970s easy-listening music) where bonus points and extra lives can be earned. The levels are in a sidescrolling format, unlike the point and click format of The Neverhood.[3]

Throughout each of the levels, clay balls can be collected to earn points, with extra lives being awarded upon collecting 100. Several bosses are stationed throughout the game to be defeated. The game uses a password feature.


The game was announced in May 1997.[4]Skullmonkeys was a strictly two-dimensional game developed at a time when this format was seen as increasingly outmoded. Project lead Doug TenNapel, however, preferred the 2D format and believed that 3D platform gaming could never work, being always plagued by depth-perception problems.[5] Besides TenNapel, star creators who worked on the game included Mike Dietz (inventor of the animation process used in Disney's Aladdin and Earthworm Jim) and Mark Lorenzen.[5]

Klaymen's motions were penciled first, then used in tandem with a model to record the animation.[5] One method used by the designers to create the creatures in the game, was to take children's toys and cover them with clay to see what shapes were formed. A boss in the game, Joe-Head-Joe, is actually the face of Joseph Sanabria, one of the game's designers.[6] The cutscene clips were created by applying stop motion animation to the modeled clay figures.[7] TenNapel commented, "When I sculpt [clay], I feel very relaxed and comfortable, compared to doing art on the computer where you'll find me scowling and squinting a lot."[7]

During development TenNapel said that composer Terry Scott Taylor "[is] coming up with this Hawaiian shit, like Don Ho. And we're like 'Go! Go!' because it's so stupid and so nongaming that we have to embrace it."[5]


Electronic Arts published the game on February 6, 1998. The game was released in Japan by Riverhillsoft on August 13, 1998, under the title Klayman Klayman 2.[8]


Skullmonkeys met with mostly negative reviews. The game's visual style, particularly the unique claymation format and imaginative backgrounds, were almost universally lauded by critics.[12][16][19][21] Shawn Smith of Electronic Gaming Monthly (EGM) wrote that "The attention to detail and continuity of style in SM makes me wonder just how many hours the development team spent on the project".[12] Most critics also praised the soundtrack,[12][16][21] and multiple reviews made particular note of the bonus room song.[12][16] However, most found that the monotony of the gameplay, with little variety in the enemies and a constant recycling of ideas in the level designs, far outweighed the pleasing presentation.[10][16][17][19][21] GameSpot said that "what is most frustrating about Skullmonkeys is that it just wears you down after a while."[16] Next Generation commented, "As a concept, Skullmonkeys works. But in practice, the idea has been squeezed into a monotonous series of simplistic levels that drone on and on with little variation between them. [...] If this started out as either a nostalgic tribute to great 2D platformers of old or as a parody of cliched gameplay conventions, it fails on both accounts, simply because the game hasn't been constructed solidly enough to keep the gamer's attention in order to prove either point."[19]

Another issue was that many critics felt the side-scrolling platformer genre had been thoroughly played out by this point. GamePro remarked that the game's "platform-hopping action offers nothing new to this seriously worn-out genre."[21] IGN concurred that "there just aren't that many new gameplay elements being introduced here. It's all standard jump-on-enemies' heads stuff, with little in-between."[17] EGM represented one of the few positive responses to the game, with Shawn Smith, Sushi-X, and Kelly Rickards all commending it for its imagination, hardcore difficulty, and humor, though Kraig Kujawa fell more in line with the majority opinion, saying that the weak boss designs and lack of variety in the enemies make it not worth buying.[12]

The game held an 80% on the review aggregation website GameRankings, based on six reviews.[9] In a retrospective review, Allgame summarized Skullmonkeys as "far too dull and repetitive for most platforming fans."[10]


  1. ^ "Game Informer News". Game Informer. 1999-02-24. Archived from the original on 1999-02-24. Retrieved 2023-11-19.
  2. ^ "Skullmonkeys". GamePro. No. 108. IDG. September 1997. p. 64.
  3. ^ "Skull Monkeys [sic]". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 96. Ziff Davis. July 1997. p. 108.
  4. ^ Fielder, Joe (May 28, 1997). "More Fun Than a Barrel of Skullmonkeys". GameSpot. Archived from the original on October 5, 1999. Retrieved July 24, 2022.
  5. ^ a b c d "NG Alphas: Skullmonkeys". Next Generation. No. 31. Imagine Media. July 1997. pp. 120–21.
  6. ^ EPNdotTV (November 30, 2015). "Diddy Kong Racing / Skullmonkeys - S1:E2 - Electric Playground". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Skullmonkeys: Back for More Claymation Action". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 101. Ziff Davis. December 1997. p. 98.
  8. ^ a b "クレイマン・クレイマン2 〜スカルモンキーのぎゃくしゅう〜 [PS]". Famitsu (in Japanese). Enterbrain. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  9. ^ a b "SkullMonkeys for PlayStation". GameRankings. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  10. ^ a b c House, Michael L. "Skullmonkeys - Review". AllGame. All Media Network. Archived from the original on November 14, 2014. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  11. ^ Edge staff (March 1998). "Skull Monkeys [sic]". Edge. No. 56. Future Publishing. p. 103. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  12. ^ a b c d e f "Review Crew: Skullmonkeys". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 104. Ziff Davis. March 1998. p. 125.
  13. ^ McNamara, Andy; Storm, Jon; Reiner, Andrew (March 1998). "Skullmonkeys". Game Informer. No. 59. FuncoLand. Archived from the original on September 30, 1999. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  14. ^ Mylonas, Eric "ECM"; Jevons, Dan "Knightmare"; Ngo, George "Eggo" (April 1998). "SkullMonkeys". GameFan. Vol. 6, no. 4. Metropolis Media. p. 10. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  15. ^ Tony V. (April 1998). "Skullmonkeys Review". GameRevolution. CraveOnline. Archived from the original on June 13, 1998. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  16. ^ a b c d e f Dulin, Ron (February 25, 1998). "SkullMonkeys Review". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  17. ^ a b c Douglas, Adam (February 3, 1998). "Skullmonkeys". IGN. Ziff Davis. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  18. ^ Buchanan, Levi (January 28, 2008). "Skullmonkeys Review". IGN. IGN Entertainment. Archived from the original on February 1, 2008. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  19. ^ a b c d "Skullmonkeys". Next Generation. No. 40. Imagine Media. April 1998. p. 98. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  20. ^ "Skullmonkeys". Official U.S. PlayStation Magazine. Vol. 1, no. 6. Ziff Davis. March 1998.
  21. ^ a b c d Four-Eyed Dragon (March 1998). "PlayStation ProReview: Skullmonkeys". GamePro. No. 114. IDG. p. 94.

External links[edit]