SkyWest Airlines

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SkyWest Airlines
SkyWest Airlines Logo.png
IATA ICAO Callsign
OO[1] SKW SKYWEST
Founded 1972
Hubs

As American Eagle:

As Alaska Airlines:

As Delta Connection:

As United Express:

Frequent-flyer program AAdvantage
(American Eagle)
Mileage Plan
(Alaska Airlines)
SkyMiles
(Delta Connection)
MileagePlus
(United Express)
Alliance SkyTeam (Delta Connection)
Star Alliance (United Express)
Oneworld (American Eagle)
Fleet size 424[2]
Destinations 238[3]
Parent company SkyWest, Inc.
Headquarters St. George, Utah, United States[4]
Key people Jerry Atkin (Chairman), Chip Childs (CEO), Mike Thompson (President and COO)
Website http://www.skywest.com

SkyWest Airlines is a North American airline owned by SkyWest, Inc. and headquartered in St. George, Utah, U.S.. According to the Airlines for America definitions,[5] SkyWest is a North American major airline. SkyWest however, operates on a regional airline level and is a member of the Regional Airline Association.[6][7] SkyWest Airlines flies to 238 cities, in 45 states; Washington, D.C., six Canadian provinces and five cities in Mexico.[8] The airline serves as a feeder airline, operating under contract with various major carriers. It flies as SkyWest Airlines in a partnership with Alaska Airlines, as United Express on behalf of United Airlines, as American Eagle on behalf of American Airlines, and as Delta Connection on behalf of Delta Air Lines.[9][10] SkyWest also provides ground handling services for airports across the United States.

As of August 2017, SkyWest Airlines employed 12,313 people throughout North America."SkyWest Facts" (PDF). October 2017.  The airline averages 2,214 departures a day, with 896 operating as Delta Connection, 861 operating as United Express, 357 operating as American Eagle and 99 operating as Alaska Airlines. In total, SkyWest carried 31.2 million passengers in 2016.[9] The current Chairman of SkyWest, Inc. is Jerry Atkin, with Russell "Chip" Childs serving as CEO. President and Chief Operating Officer of SkyWest Airlines is Michael Thompson.[11]

History[edit]

SkyWest Airlines headquarters in St. George, Utah
Former Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia in SkyWest livery

Frustrated by the limited extent of existing air service, Ralph Atkin, a St. George, Utah lawyer, purchased Dixie Airlines to shuttle businessmen to Salt Lake City in 1972.[12] After early struggles, SkyWest began a steady expansion across the western U.S. It became the eleventh largest regional carrier in 1984 when it acquired Sun Aire Lines of Palm Springs, California, and had its initial public offering in 1986.[13]

In 1985, SkyWest began codesharing as Western Express, a feeder service for Western Airlines at its Salt Lake City hub and other mainline Western destinations utilizing Embraer EMB-120 Brasilia and Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner turboprop aircraft.[14] Following the acquisition and merger of Western by Delta Air Lines in 1986, SkyWest then became a Delta Connection air carrier with code share service being flown on behalf of Delta to destinations in Arizona, California, Colorado, Montana, Nevada, Utah and Wyoming.[15][16] In 1995, SkyWest began operating flights for Continental Airlines out of LAX. The relationship was discontinued two years later when SkyWest began flying for United Airlines. SkyWest's United Express flights out of SFO, LAX and DEN became its largest operation by the late 1990s. A partnership with Continental was revived in 2003 out of George Bush Intercontinental Airport, but was discontinued in June 2005. On August 15, 2005, Delta sold Atlantic Southeast Airlines to the newly incorporated SkyWest, Inc. for $425 million in cash.[17] The acquisition was completed on September 8, 2005.[18]

On August 4, 2010, SkyWest, Inc. announced that it planned to acquire ExpressJet Airlines and merge it with SkyWest subsidiary Atlantic Southeast Airlines in a deal reported to have a value of $133 million. The purchase aligned the largest commuter operations of United Airlines and Continental Airlines, who were in a merger process, and was approved on September 13, 2010, by the Federal Trade Commission.[19]

In May 2011, SkyWest replaced six Horizon Air flights on the West Coast being operated for Alaska Airlines. The flights were based out of Seattle and Portland, and fly to several California cities including Fresno, Burbank, Santa Barbara and Ontario. Alaska Airlines has similar agreements with PenAir for Alaskan flights and Horizon Air for flights in the lower 48.[20]

On September 6, 2011, AirTran Airways ended its codesharing and partnership with SkyWest.[21] Shortly after, SkyWest began a codesharing agreement with US Airways to operate CRJ200 aircraft from US Airways' hub in Phoenix, Arizona.[22]

On November 15, 2012, SkyWest began a capacity purchase agreement with American Airlines for 12 CRJ200 aircraft from American's hub in Los Angeles, California.[23]

Destinations[edit]

Former Alaska CRJ-700 operated by SkyWest at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport

SkyWest flies to 238 destinations throughout North America including Denver International Airport, Salt Lake City International Airport, San Francisco International Airport, Los Angeles International Airport, Chicago O'Hare International Airport, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport and Portland International Airport.[24]

Fleet[edit]

As of November 2017, the SkyWest Airlines fleet consists of the following regional jet aircraft either in operation or on order for delivery:[2][25][original research?]

Type In service Orders Passengers Operated for Notes
F Y+ Y Total
Bombardier CRJ100 1 50 50 American Eagle
5 4 46 Delta Connection
1 50 SkyWest Airlines
Bombardier CRJ200 9 50 American Eagle Orders are transfers from ExpressJet
84 8 4 46 Delta Connection
20 50 SkyWest Airlines
76 United Express
Bombardier CRJ700 27 9 16 44 69 Delta Connection
1 70 70 Alaska Airlines
38 6 16 48 American Eagle
20 6 16 48 United Express
Bombardier CRJ900 36 12 20 44 76 Delta Connection
Embraer 175 23 12 12 12 52 Alaska Airlines Orders to be delivered through 2018.[26]
18 1 12 20 44 Delta Connection Deliveries concluding by Dec. 2017.[27]
65 12 16 48 United Express
Embraer 175 SC 30 12 20 38 70 Delta Connection Deliveries commence Mar. 2018.[28]
Mitsubishi MRJ90 100
TBA
Delivery starting 2020[29][30]
Total 424 51

SkyWest is an all-jet airline. The firm previously operated Embraer EMB-120 Brasilia turboprop aircraft until 2015. The airline also previously operated Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner turboprops (Metro II and Metro III models).[15] In 1984, SkyWest was operating the largest Metro propjet fleet in the world with 26 aircraft, and by 1991 the Metro fleet had grown to 35 aircraft with 15 Brasilia propjets being operated as well.[15] By 1994, the first jet, a Canadair CRJ-100, was added to the fleet and by 1996 all of the Metro propjets had been retired as they were progressively replaced with Brasilia aircraft.[15]

According to the airline's website, at its inception SkyWest was operating all flights in the early 1970s with small propeller driven, piston engine aircraft, including:[15]

On September 6, 2017, SkyWest Airlines reported that it has entered into aircraft purchase agreements and capacity purchase agreements to acquire and fly 15 new aircraft with Delta Air Lines and 10 new aircraft with Alaska Airlines. Of the 25 aircraft, 15 Embraer E175 SC aircraft will fly under an agreement with Delta in a 70-seat configuration. The E175 SC aircraft has an E175 airframe and can be retrofitted to 76 seats in the future. The agreement with Alaska includes 10 Embraer E175s, which will be configured with 76 seats, similar to aircraft SkyWest has previously placed into service with Alaska. Expected delivery dates of the 25 aircraft run from March 2018 through the end of 2018.[31]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

SkyWest Airlines has never been cited or found at fault in a fatal accident or incident. Incidents include:

  • January 15, 1987: SkyWest Airlines Flight 1834 a Fairchild Metro collided with a Mooney M20 transporting an instructor and a student, while on a flight between Pocatello to Salt Lake City in the vicinity of Kearns. All 10 people on Flight 1834 and the two occupants of the Mooney were killed. The accident was found to be a navigation error of the student pilot aboard the Mooney.[32]
  • January 15, 1990: SkyWest Airlines Flight 5855, a Fairchild Metro collided with terrain during an instrument approach to Elko, Nevada. There were four serious and nine minor injuries.
  • February 1, 1991: SkyWest Airlines Flight 5569, a Fairchild Metro was awaiting departure clearance on an active runway at Los Angeles for a scheduled flight between Los Angeles and Palmdale when USAir Flight 1493 arriving from Columbus, Ohio collided with it while it was landing. Skywest 5569 was directed to move onto runway 24L for takeoff and hold in position at the intersection of taxiway 45. US1493 was cleared to land on 24L one minute later by the same local controller. One minute later, the 737 touched down, then landed on the SkyWest Metro, which was still holding in position 2400' from the runway threshold. The two planes slid down the runway, then off to the side, coming to rest against an unoccupied firehouse, and burst into flames. All 12 people on the Metro were killed (10 passengers and 2 pilots), and 22 of the 89 aboard the 737 perished (20 passengers, 1 pilot and 1 flight attendant). The cause was found to be air traffic controller error.
  • May 21, 1997: SkyWest Flight 724, an Embraer EMB-120, N198SW, experienced a total loss of engine power to the right engine and associated engine fire, followed by a total loss of all airplane hydraulic systems, after takeoff from San Diego International-Lindbergh Field, San Diego, California. The airplane sustained substantial damage. The 2 pilots, 1 flight attendant, and 14 passengers were not injured. Skywest Airlines, Inc., was operating the airplane as a scheduled, domestic, passenger flight under 14 CFR Part 121. The flight was destined for Los Angeles, California. It diverted to Miramar NAS, San Diego, where it landed at 14:27 military time. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time, and an IFR flight plan was filed.
  • May 26, 2007: SkyWest Airlines flight 5741, an Embraer 120, was involved in a serious runway incursion when the plane nearly collided with Republic Airlines flight 4912, an Embraer 170, on intersecting runways at San Francisco. There were no reported injuries to passengers and no reported damage to either aircraft. According to the NTSB, the FAA traffic controller was at fault and the aircraft were between 50 and 300 feet apart.
  • January 13, 2008: A United Airlines Boeing 757 jet with maintenance workers on board at San Francisco International Airport backed into SkyWest Airlines Flight 6398, a Bombardier CRJ700 carrying 60 passengers and crew. The collision occurred at 7:30 p.m. as the 757 was being taken out of service and being moved without passengers from Gate 80 to a hangar for the night. The passengers on board the SkyWest plane were taken off the plane, which had left its gate and was waiting to depart to Boise, Idaho. Both planes suffered tail and engine damage, but no one on board either plane was injured.[33]
  • September 7, 2008: SkyWest Airlines flight 6430, a Bombardier CRJ700 operating as a United Express flight from Los Angeles, California ran off a runway after landing in San Antonio, Texas. An airport spokesman indicated that the aircraft appeared to be having mechanical difficulties, and resulted in the airport's primary runway being closed for two hours until the aircraft could be removed. No injuries were reported among the 52 passengers and four crew members on board.[34][35]
  • May 23, 2010: SkyWest Airlines flight 6467, a Bombardier CRJ200 operating as a United Express flight from San Francisco, California landed in Ontario, California with the nose gear retracted. No injuries were reported among the 24 passengers and three crew aboard.[36][37]
  • July 17, 2012: An out-of-service SkyWest Bombardier CRJ200 operating for Delta Connection [38] was stolen by a SkyWest pilot on administrative leave, after murdering his girlfriend several days earlier, and substantially damaged at the St. George Regional Airport in St. George, Utah. The pilot started the engines and taxied the aircraft into a parking lot, striking the terminal in the process. He would die from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. The aircraft was out of service and there were no other passengers or crew on board.[39]
  • May 11, 2015: SkyWest Flight 5316, a Bombardier CRJ200 operating as a United Express flight from Monterey, California to Los Angeles, California landed after its landing gear failed to fully deploy. The left wing scraped the ground on Runway 24 Left. All 40 passengers and three crew members safely deplaned and no injuries were reported.[40]
  • October 26, 2016: SkyWest Airlines flight 4574, a Canadair Regional Jet CRJ-200 operating as a Delta Connection flight from Rapid City, South Dakota to Salt Lake City, Utah was delayed after the pilot was taken into custody for investigation of operating an aircraft under the influence of alcohol. Rapid City Police were notified after a TSA agent detected a possible smell of alcohol during screening. SkyWest Airlines placed the pilot on administrative leave and removed him of his flying duties pending the outcome of the investigation. No passengers or crew members were injured.[41]
  • December 4, 2016: SkyWest Airlines flight 5588, an Embraer E175 operating as a United Express flight from Houston Intercontinental Airport, TX to Monterrey, Mexico, was diverted to San Antonio, TX after experiencing an abnormal landing gear indication. Upon landing, the nose gear of the aircraft collapsed, and the aircraft came to rest on runway 04. Of the 51 passengers and 4 crew members, only one minor injury was sustained during the evacuation. During recovery of the aircraft, it was discovered that a failed downlock spring on the nose gear had prevented the landing gear from locking in the down position.[42]

Awards and recognition[edit]

References[edit]

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  19. ^ "FTC transaction granted (Early termination)" (PDF). FTC. Retrieved 24 June 2011. 
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  40. ^ United SkyWest Jet Makes Emergency Landing At LAX « CBS Los Angeles
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External links[edit]