List of tallest buildings in Sydney

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The Sydney Central Business District skyline in 2011.
The Sydney skyline as it appeared in 1984 from Bondi Junction. Several major skyscrapers, including Chifley Tower and Governor Phillip Tower, had not yet been built.

Sydney, the largest city in Australia, is home to 1,168 completed high-rise buildings.[1] The tallest buildings in the city are heavily concentrated in the central business district, although suburbs within the Sydney metropolitan, such as Chatswood and Parramatta boast a significant number of high-rises.

As of June 2016, the entire city (including metropolitan surburbs) has 33 buildings that rise at least 150 m (492 ft) in height.[2][3][4] The earliest skyscraper constructed in Sydney was Culwulla Chambers, which stands at a height of 50 m (164 ft) and was completed in 1912. Designed by Spain, Cosh and Minnett, the building consisted of 14 floors and cost £100,000 to build, equivalent of approximately $1 million in today's money.[5]

Sydney originally had a 46 m (151 ft) height limit that was enforced until 1957,[6][7] which saw a construction boom for skyscrapers and buildings beginning in the early 1960s with the construction of the Australia Square, notable for being the world's tallest light weight concrete building at the time it was built.[8][9] Since August 1981, the tallest structure in Sydney is the Sydney Tower, at 309 m (1,014 ft).[10] However, according to the international standard of the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, observation towers are not fully habitable and do not count as buildings.[3] Hence, the tallest building in Sydney is the Chifley Tower, which was completed in 1992 and stands at 244 m (801 ft). It is also the tenth tallest building in Australia.

As of November 2013, Sydney has 23 buildings under construction and 97 at planning stages.[11] The most recently completed high-rise was 8 Chifley Square, which stands at 140 m (459 ft) when measured to its roof. A recent 235 m (797 ft) height restriction implementation has slowed Sydney’s high-rise developments. However, this height restriction was lifted in 2016 which now allows buildings to be built as high as 310 metres (1018 ft) on condition that public spaces are not overshadowed.[12]

Tallest buildings and structures 150m+ (492ft+)[edit]

This is a list of the tallest buildings in the city, which measures all structures to the highest architectural detail.

Rank Name Image Height (m) Height

(ft)

Floors Year Purpose Address Notes
- Sydney Tower Amp tower center point tower sydney.jpg 309 1014 19 1977-1981 Observation Tower 100 Market Street Although the tallest structure in Sydney, Sydney Tower is not considered a habitable building by the CTBUH as it is primarily an observation tower. 275m to roof.
1 Chifley Tower Chifley tower 1.jpg 244 801 50 1991-1992 Commercial 122 Phillip Street Officially the tallest building in Sydney since 1992. It was one of the most expensive buildings in the world at A$1.2 billion. Designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox.[13]
2 Citigroup Centre Citigroup Centre Sydney.JPG 243 797 50 1998-2000 Commercial 506 George Street Designed by Crone Partners
3 Deutsche Bank Place Deutsche bank place.jpg 240 787 39 2003-2005 Commercial 126 Phillip Street The second-tallest building in the world with fewer than 40 floors (Al Faisaliyah Center (Riyadh) is taller at 267m). 160m to roof. Designed by Norman Foster.
4 Meriton World Tower World tower, Sydney.jpg 230 754 75 2001-2004 Residential 85 Liverpool Street Tallest residential building in Sydney since 2004. Tallest building in Sydney without a spire. Part of the World Square complex. Designed by Nation Fender Katsalidis.
5 MLC Centre Mlc center syd.jpg 228 748 60 1975-1977 Commercial 19 Martin Place 244m to antenna and 227m to roof. Tallest building in Sydney from 1977 to 1992. Designed by Harry Seidler.
6 Governor Phillip Tower Govenor Phillip Tower.jpg 227 745 54 1991-1993 Commercial 1 Farrer Place 254m to antenna and 227m to roof. Tallest Building in Sydney to antenna. Designed by Denton Corker Marshall.[14]
7 Ernst & Young Tower Latitude Sydney.jpg 222 728 45 2003-2004 Commercial 680 George Street 190m to roof. Part of the World Square complex.
8 RBS Tower Aurora Place 3.jpg 219 718 41 1998-2000 Commercial 88 Phillip Street More commonly known as Aurora Place but officially RBS Tower. 188m to roof. Designed by Renzo Piano.[15]
9 International Tower 1 N/A 217 711 49 2014–2016 Commercial Hickson Road Currently topped-out.[16]
10 ANZ Tower ANZ Bank Centre.jpg 195 639 46 2010-2013 Commercial 163 Castlereagh Street Designed by Francis-Jones Morehen Thorp
11 Suncorp Place AAPT Centre.jpg 193 633 48 1970-1982 Commercial 259 George Street Construction began in 1970 and was not completed until 1982, as the project was delayed many times.
AMP Centre AMP Building and AMP Centre. Sydney 188 616 45 1973-1976 Commercial 50 Bridge Street Tallest building in Sydney from 1976-1977. Currently undergoing major redevelopment, will be replaced by Quay Quarter Tower. Designed by Peddle Thorp & Walker.
12 Century Tower N/A 183 600 50 1994-1997 Residential 343 Pitt Street Tallest residential building in Sydney from 1997-2004.
13 Grosvenor Place Grosvenor Place.jpg 180 590 45 1984-1988 Commercial 225 George Street Designed by Harry Seidler.[17]
14 International Tower 2 Barangaroo tower 2 under construction.jpg 178 583 43 2013–2015[18] Commercial Hickson Road Designed by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners.
15 Capita Centre Capita Centre.JPG 173 567 31 1987-1989 Commercial 9 Castlereagh Street Designed by Harry Seidler.[19]
=16 Australia Square Tower Australia Square building in George Street Sydney.jpg 170 557 46 1965-1967 Commercial 264 George Street Tallest building in Sydney from 1967-1976. Designed by Harry Seidler.
=16 Meriton Tower Seidler skyscraper CBD.jpg 170 557 48 2004-2006 Residential 551 George Street Designed by Harry Seidler.
=16 Metro Grand Residences Metro Grand.JPG 170 557 40 2012–2014 Residential Chatswood [20]
=19 The Peak Haymarket Market City.JPG 168 551 46 1992-1996 Residential 2 Quay Street Tallest residential building in Sydney from 1996-1997. Part of the Market City complex.
=19 International Tower 3 N/A 168 551 40 2013-2016 Commercial Hickson Road Designed by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners.[21]
=21 1 O'Connell Street N/A 166 544 36 19??-1991 Commercial 1 O'Connell Street Designed by Peddle Thorp & Walker.
=21 Westpac Place Westpac Place from the Pyrmont Bridge.jpg 166 544 35 2003-2005 Commercial 251 Kent Street Designed by Johnson Pilton Walker
23 201 Elizabeth Street N/A 165 541 40 1976-1978 Commercial 201 Elizabeth Street
24 Gateway Plaza Circular Quay.jpg 164 538 46 1988-1989 Commercial 1 Macquarie Place Designed by Peddle Thorp & Walker.[22]
25 HSBC Centre N/A 162 531 37 1986-1988 Commercial 586 George Street
26 The Cove N/A 158 518 45 2001-2003 Residential 129 Harrington Street Designed by Harry Seidler.
27 Hordern Towers N/A 156 511 48 1997-1999 Residential 401 Pitt Street Part of the World Square Complex.
=28 200 George Street 200 George Street.jpg 155 508 40 2013–2015 Commercial 200 George Street Designed by Francis-Jones Morehen Thorp.[23]
=28 Metro Spire Residences Metro Spire.JPG 155 508 37 2012–2014 Residential Chatswood [24]
=30 Angel Place N/A 152 498 35 1995-2000 Commercial 117 Pitt Street Designed by Peddle Thorp & Walker.
=30 Sydney Central N/A 152 498 31 1990-1992 Commercial 477 Pitt Street
=32 85 Castlereagh Street N/A 151 495 32 2009-2011 Commercial 85 Castlereagh Street Part of the Sydney Tower complex. Designed by John Wardle Architects.[25]
=32 Lumière Residences N/A 151 495 47 2004-2007 Residential 487 George Street Designed by Norman Foster.

Buildings above 200 metres in height[edit]

Buildings above 200 metres in height in Sydney. Buildings in orange are still under construction.

Tallest buildings proposed, approved and under construction[edit]

This is a list of 150m+ proposed, approved and under construction skyscrapers in Sydney.[26][27]

  Under Construction
  Approved
  Proposed
Name Height Storeys Purpose Completion Location Status
m ft
Aspire Parramatta (Phase 2) 300 980 90 Residential 2020 Parramatta Proposed
Crown Sydney 271 889 75 Mixed Use 2020 Barangaroo Approved
505 George Street 264 866 78 Residential TBA Sydney CBD Proposed
182 George Street 263 863 54 Commercial TBA Sydney CBD Proposed
197 Church Street 250 820 80 Residential TBA Parramatta Proposed
One Sydney Harbour Tower 1 247 810 70 Residential 2020 Barangaroo Proposed
Aspire Parramatta (Phase 1) 243 797 70 Residential 2020 Paramatta Proposed
Greenland Centre Sydney 236 774 68 Residential 2019 Sydney CBD Under construction[28][29]
Darling Park Tower 4 235 771 60 Commercial TBA Darling Harbour Proposed[30]
233 Castlereagh Street 235 771 TBA Residential TBA Sydney CBD Proposed[31]
International Tower 1 217 712 49 Commercial 2016 Barangaroo Under construction
Quay Quarter Tower 216 709 54 Commercial 2020 Sydney CBD Approved
The Star 215 705 TBA Mixed Use 2020 Pyrmont Proposed[32]
48 Macquarie Street 210 690 61 Residential TBA Parramatta Proposed
One Sydney Harbour Tower 2 207 679 60 Residential 2020 Barangaroo Proposed
1 Alfred Street 194 636 59 Mixed Use 2020 Sydney CBD Approved[33]
2-10 Phillip Street 192 630 58 Residential TBA Parramatta Proposed
St Leonards Central Tower 1 190 620 55 Mixed Use TBA St Leonards Proposed
142 Macquarie Street 180 590 32 Mixed Use TBA Parramatta Proposed
180 George Street Tower 1 180 590 55 Residential TBA Parramatta Proposed
180 George Street Tower 2 180 590 50 Residential TBA Parramatta Proposed
Altitude Apartments Tower A 177 581 55 Mixed Use 2017 Parramatta Under Construction[34]
295 Church Street 173 568 50 Residential TBA Parramatta Proposed
City Tattersalls Club Tower 168 551 48 Mixed Use TBA Sydney CBD Proposed
St Leonards Central Tower 2 168 551 48 Mixed Use TBA St Leonards Proposed
189 Macquarie Street North Tower 167 548 54 Residential 2017 Parramatta Under Construction[35]
Harbourside 166 545 50 Residential TBA Darling Harbour Proposed[36]
33 Bligh Street 165 541 30 Commercial TBA Sydney CBD Under Construction
74 Church Street 155 509 44 Mixed Use TBA Parramatta Proposed
6 Parramatta Square 154 505 31 Commercial 2020 Parramatta Proposed
The Landmark 152 499 46 Residential TBA St Leonards Approved[37]
Riverside Tower 152 499 41 Residential TBA Parramatta Under Construcion
59 Goulburn Street 150 490 40 Mixed Use TBA Sydney CBD Proposed

Timeline of tallest buildings[edit]

Includes tallest structures for comparison.[3][38][39]

Name Years as tallest Height (m) Height (ft) Floors Notes
St James' Church 1824-1875 52 170 -
Town Hall 1875-1879 57 187 4 Clock tower added in 1875.
Garden Palace 1879-1882 64 209 2 Destroyed by fire in 1882, site is today part of the Royal Botanic Gardens.
Town Hall 1882-1891 57 187 4
General Post Office 1891-1939 73 239 5
Sydney Harbour Bridge - 134 439 - Tallest structure in Sydney 1932-1956.
AWA Tower 1939-1962 112 367 14
TCN TV Tower - 171 561 - Tallest structure in Sydney 1956-65, replaced by taller 233m tower in 1965.
AMP Building 1962-1965 115 377 26
TCN TV Tower - 233 764 - Tallest structure in Sydney 1965-81, tallest lattice tower in Australia, replaced original 1956 tower.
State Office Block 1965-1967 128 419 32 Demolished in 1997 to make way for Aurora Place.
Australia Square Tower 1967-1976 170 557 46
AMP Centre 1976-1977 188 616 45
MLC Centre 1977-1992 228 748 60
Sydney Tower - 309 1013 19 Tallest structure in Sydney 1981–present.
Chifley Tower 1992–present 244 801 50 Tallest building in Sydney; 10th tallest building in Australia.
Sydney's tallest building (blue) and tallest structure (grey) from 1824 to 2014.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Buildings of Sydney profile". Emporis. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Sydney - The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 5 June 2016
  3. ^ a b c "existing | Buildings". Emporis. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "Sydney's tallest buildings - Top 20". Emporis. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Sydney's first skyscraper". State Library of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Modernism". australia.gov.au. Retrieved 19 June 2016. 
  7. ^ McMahon, Bill (2001). The Architecture of East Australia: An Architectural History. Edition Axel Menges. p. 64. ISBN 9783930698905. 
  8. ^ "Biography: Harry Seidler AC OBE LFRAIA". architecture.com.au. The Australian Institute of Architects. 2005-05-06. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  9. ^ "Planning". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "Centrepoint Tower". Sydney Architecture. Retrieved 8 February 2011. 
  11. ^ "Sydney - SkysrcaperPage". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  12. ^ "Sydney is growing while Melbourne shrinks". Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  13. ^ Chifley Tower - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. 21 January 2015
  14. ^ Governor Phillip Tower. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
  15. ^ Aurora Place - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
  16. ^ International Towers Tower 1 - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
  17. ^ Grosvenor Place - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
  18. ^ Tower 2 International Towers Sydney - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. 2 January 2015
  19. ^ Castlereagh Centre - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
  20. ^ Metro Grand Residences – The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 5 June 2016
  21. ^ Tower 2 International Towers Sydney - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. 5 June 2016
  22. ^ Gateway Plaza - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
  23. ^ 200 George Street – Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 16 December 2015
  24. ^ Metro Spire Residences – The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 5 June 2016
  25. ^ 85 Castlereagh Street - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
  26. ^ "Sydney". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  27. ^ "City of Sydney | Buildings". Emporis. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  28. ^ Tower Crane Installation. greenlandcentrecommunity. Retrieved 8 December 2015
  29. ^ "Greenland Centre Sydney Construction Commenced". Greenland. Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  30. ^ "Demolition of existing structures Staged DA". NSW Government Planning and Environment. 
  31. ^ "VIG has grand plans for $156m Sydney Tower". Financial Review. 
  32. ^ "Construction of a new hotel and residential tower and alterations to existing building". NSW Government. Planning and Environment. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  33. ^ "Who will be the architect of Sydney's most expensive new apartment at Circular Quay?". Architecture and Design. 
  34. ^ Altitude Apartments Tower A – The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 5 June 2016
  35. ^ 189 Macquarie Street North Tower – The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 5 June 2016
  36. ^ "Redevelopment of Harbourside Shopping Centre". NSW Government Planning and Environment. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  37. ^ "New Sky Homes at Landmark Heralds St Leonards' Urban Transformation". Elite Agent Magazine. 2016-07-05. Retrieved 2016-08-27. 
  38. ^ "demolished | Buildings". Emporis. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  39. ^ "TCN's new tower is quite an Eiffel!". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  • Emporis (General database for Skyscrapers)