Slats Gill

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Amory T. "Slats" Gill
Slats Gill
Gill in 1933 OSC yearbook
Sport(s) Basketball
Biographical details
Born (1901-05-01)May 1, 1901
Salem, Oregon
Died April 5, 1966(1966-04-05) (aged 64)
Corvallis, Oregon
Playing career
1921–1924 Oregon State
Position(s) Forward
Coaching career (HC unless noted)
1928–1964 Oregon State
Administrative career (AD unless noted)
1964–1966 Oregon State
Head coaching record
Overall 599–393  (.604)
Accomplishments and honors
Championships
Awards
  • 2× First-team All-PCC (1922, 1924)
Basketball Hall of Fame
Inducted in 1968
College Basketball Hall of Fame
Inducted in 2006

Amory Tingle "Slats" Gill (May 1, 1901 – April 5, 1966) was an American college basketball coach, the head coach at Oregon State University in Corvallis for 36 seasons.[1] As a player, Gill was twice named to the All-Pacific Coast Conference basketball team. As head coach, he amassed 599 victories with a winning percentage of .604. Gill was also the head coach of the baseball team for six seasons and later was the OSU athletic director.

Gill is a member of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, the National Collegiate Basketball Hall of Fame, and the Oregon Sports Hall of Fame. He is also honored as the namesake of Gill Coliseum, opened in 1949, venue for basketball, wrestling, and gymnastics at OSU.

Early years[edit]

Born in Salem, Oregon, Gill was the youngest of eight children and his father died when he was a child. His nickname "Slats" was given to him at age 12; he was swimming in a local pond one summer afternoon and upon exiting the pond, a buddy joked with Gill about his scrawny frame with his ribs protruding, which he said looked like slats in a picket fence. Gill was from then on known as "Slats."[2]

Gill was an athlete from his youth, excelling in basketball and baseball at Salem High School and graduated in 1920.[3] Gill was named to all-state teams as a junior and senior.[4]

Gill attended Oregon Agricultural College (now Oregon State University) in Corvallis. While at OAC, he played baseball and earned varsity letters in basketball from 1922 to 1924.[3] A forward for the "Aggies" on their starting five, Gill was named to the All Conference team for the Pacific Coast Conference in 1922.[5]

In March 1923, Gill was unanimously elected captain of the OAC basketball team by his peers for his 1923–24 senior season.[6] He was named to the All-Pacific Coast Conference team for a second time following that 1923–24 season.[7]

Gill met his wife, the former Helen Boyer of Portland,[8] on a blind date at OAC in the early 1920s. The couple married in 1932. They raised two children, daughter Jane Gill (born 1933), and son John Amory Gill (1937–2014).[4]

Basketball coaching career[edit]

With his all star basketball credentials firmly established, Gill determined to go into the coaching profession following graduation. Gill's first head coaching job was at a high school in Oakland, California.[4] After one season coaching there, the popular former collegiate star Gill was able to win an appointment at his alma mater as an instructor of physical education and director of restricted gymnastics for the 1926-27 academic year.[9] Gill was also tapped to serve as head coach of the OAC freshman men's basketball team and to help coordinate the school's program of intramural athletics and general gymnastics.[9]

The 1926-27 freshman team proved to be a bit of a disaster, losing every game on its schedule, so in December 1927 Gill organized a mass try out for the 1927-28 squad.[10] An incredible 106 aspirants responded to Gill's call to try out for the team, with the horde winnowed down to a squad of 25 through successive cuts.[10]

In the summer of 1928, OAC's varsity head coach Bob Hager was fired by collegiate president William Jasper Kerr. Kerr did not need to look far for his replacement, promoting the 27-year old Gill from freshman to varsity head coach.[2]

Under Gill the Beavers basketball team would come to be known for a fundamentally sound and defensively oriented style of play.[4] On the other side of the ball, Gill was known for making use of a slow, methodical "percentage offense" built around the meticulous creation of short shots and free throw opportunities from a half court set. His teams were frequently involved in low-scoring defensive struggles.[11]

In the years before video tape and legions of professional advanced scouts, Gill was regarded as a formidable game scout and adaptive defensive coach, the subject of a legend in the early 1940s that if "Gill has seen your basketball team in action, then his team will beat yours if the two are ever matched."[12]

During Gill's 36-year tenure as head coach, Oregon State won five Pacific Coast Conference titles, four Northern Division championships, and a pair of Final Four appearances (1949 and 1963).[13] His teams won eight consecutive Far West Classic titles, and Gill had 599 coaching victories with the Beavers, with a winning percentage of .604.[14][15][16] For the duration of his convalescence, head coaching duties were assumed by assistant coach Paul Valenti.[15]

As past president of the National Association of Basketball Coaches, Slats coached in the 1964 NABC All-Star Game.

Athletic director[edit]

When Gill retired from coaching in 1964,[17] he became the OSU athletic director, a position he held for two years, until his death.[4] He promoted assistant Valenti to replace him as head coach, and after the 1964 football season concluded with a Rose Bowl appearance on New Year's Day, head coach Tommy Prothro left for UCLA.[18]

Gill hired Dee Andros of Idaho, who led the Beavers to two of their best seasons (1967 & 1968) on the gridiron in his eleven years as head coach and became AD himself in 1976. Andros brought assistant coach Bud Riley with him from Moscow, and his son Mike Riley (b.1953) was the Beaver head coach for fourteen seasons (19971998, 20032014).

Baseball coaching career[edit]

Gill also coached the Beavers' baseball team from 1932 to 1937, over which he compiled a career coaching record of 56 wins and 70 losses (.444).[19]

Death and legacy[edit]

Gill Coliseum at Oregon State University,
a 10,000 seat venue, opened 68 years ago in December 1949

In 1966, Gill was hospitalized in Corvallis on March 26 following what was described as a minor stroke.[4][20] He remained in the hospital for ten days and seemingly made progress towards recovery until taking a sudden turn for the worse on the morning of April 5.[4] Gill died at 3:25 pm that day at age 64.[4] His funeral was held at Gill Coliseum and he was buried at St. Mary's Cemetery in Corvallis.[21][22]

Gill was elected a member of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame and the Oregon Sports Hall of Fame. Oregon State's basketball arena, Gill Coliseum, is named for him.

Gill was the first OSU coach to include an African American player on the team. Norman Monroe was a walk-on and was the first black basketball player to play at OSU and played for the team for half of the 1960–1961 season. The first recruited, scholarship black athlete to be named to the OSU basketball team arrived only in 1966, when Charlie White was named to the squad.[23]

Head coaching record[edit]

Basketball[edit]

Season Team Overall Conference Standing Postseason


Oregon State University (Pacific Coast Conference) (1928–1959)
1928–29 Oregon State 12–8 4–6 4th-North
1929–30 Oregon State 14–13 7–9 4th-North
1930–31 Oregon State 19–9 9–7 3rd-North
1931–32 Oregon State 12–12 8–8 3rd-North
1932–33 Oregon State 21–6 12–4 1st
1933–34 Oregon State 14–10 7–9 3rd-North
1934–35 Oregon State 19–9 12–4 1st-North
1935–36 Oregon State 16–9 10–6 2nd-North
1936–37 Oregon State 11–15 5–11 4th-North
1937–38 Oregon State 17–16 6–14 5th-North
1938–39 Oregon State 13–11 6–10 4th-North
1939–40 Oregon State 27–11 12–4 1st-North
1940–41 Oregon State 19–9 9–7 2nd-North
1941–42 Oregon State 18–9 15–3 1st-North
1942–43 Oregon State 19–9 12–6 2nd-North
1943–44 Oregon State 8–16 5–11 t-3rd
1944–45 Oregon State 20–8 10–6 3rd-North
1945–46 Oregon State 13–11 10–6 2nd-North
1946–47 Oregon State 28–5 13–3 1st
1947–48 Oregon State 21–13 10–6 t-1st-North
1948–49 Oregon State 24–12 12–4 1st Final Four
1949–50 Oregon State 13–14 8–8 t-2nd-North
1950–51 Oregon State 14–18 6–10 t-4th-North
1951–52 Oregon State 9–19 3–13 5th-North
1952–53 Oregon State 11–18 6–10 4th-North
1953–54 Oregon State 19–10 11–15 1st-North
1954–55 Oregon State 22–8 15–11 1st
1955–56 Oregon State 8–18 5–11 t-6th-North
1956–57 Oregon State 11–15 6–10 t-6th-North
1957–58 Oregon State 20–6 12–4 t-1st
1958–59 Oregon State 13–13 17–9 6th-North
Oregon State University (Independent) (1959–1964)
1959–60 Oregon State 9–3
1960–61 Oregon State 14–12
1961–62 Oregon State 24–5
1962–63 Oregon State 22–9 Final Four
1963–64 Oregon State 25–4
Oregon State: 599–393
Total: 599–393

      National champion         Postseason invitational champion  
      Conference regular season champion         Conference regular season and conference tournament champion
      Division regular season champion       Division regular season and conference tournament champion
      Conference tournament champion

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Sports world mourns Gill's death". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. April 6, 1966. p. 1D. 
  2. ^ a b Jeff Welsch and George P. Edmonston Jr., Tales from Oregon State Sports. Champaign, IL: Sports Publishing, 2003; pg. ???
  3. ^ a b "Salem Men are Awarded Letters at Corvallis", Oregon Statesman, vol. 72 (April 22, 1922), pg. 1.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Long-time Oregon State coach Slats Gill dead at 64". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. April 6, 1966. p. 14. 
  5. ^ "Coaches Rooks," Oregon Statesman [Salem], vol. 76 (Jan. 26, 1927), pg. 6.
  6. ^ "Gill to Lead Aggie Five," [Salem] Capital Journal, vol. 45, no. 65 (March 16, 1923), pg. 2.
  7. ^ "Oregon Gets Berth on Mythical Hoop Team", [Eugene] Morning Register, vol. 54, no. 134 (March 15, 1924), pg. 6.
  8. ^ "Society, Clubs and Music", [Salem] Capital Journal, vol. 45, no. 295 (December 12, 1933), pg. 5.
  9. ^ a b "'Slats' Gill Appointed," Eugene Guard, vol.70, no. 139 (June 21, 1926), pg. 8.
  10. ^ a b "Beaver Rooks Swarm at Call," [Salem] Capital Journal, vol. 49, no. 287 (Dec. 2, 1927), pg. 6.
  11. ^ Strite, Dick (January 14, 1939). "Oregon basketball team tops Oregon State in rough struggle, 31-26". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). p. 6. 
  12. ^ "Gill jinxes Cards by watching game". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. March 9, 1942. p. 2. 
  13. ^ "Slats Gill," Sports-Reference.com, www.sports-reference.com/
  14. ^ "Slats Gill leaves hospital with no guess of future". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. February 3, 1960. p. 10. 
  15. ^ a b "Slats Gill returns to Corvallis home". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). February 3, 1960. p. 3C. 
  16. ^ Cave, Ray (March 5, 1962). "Tea and empathy with Slats Gill". Sports Illustrated. p. 66. 
  17. ^ Applegate, Howard (February 3, 1964). "Retirng coach Slats Gill still without national flag". The Bulletin. (Bend, Oregon). p. 6. 
  18. ^ Missildine, Harry (June 24, 1965). "OSU's Slats Gill was busy 'freshman'". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). p. 16. 
  19. ^ "OSU Coaching Records," 2006 Oregon State Baseball Guide, pg. 60.
  20. ^ "Gill reported in fair shape after stroke". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). March 26, 1966. p. 2B. 
  21. ^ "Gill fund established". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. April 7, 1966. p. 11E. 
  22. ^ "More than 1,000 at rites for Slats Gill". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). April 8, 1966. p. 1B. 
  23. ^ George Beres, "Basketball's Best Once Were Blackballed from the College Game," History News Network, April 3, 2006. Retrieved February 9, 2011.

External links[edit]