Slavic Muslims or Muslim Slavs are ethnic groups or sub-ethnic groups of Slavs who are followers of Islam. The term is most often used in studies on the Balkans. The majority of Slavic Muslims are found in Bosnia and Herzegovina and southern Bulgaria.[better source needed]
South Slavic Muslims
- Bosniaks, or "Bosnian Muslims", the majority group in Bosnia and Herzegovina, also a minority in Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia and Croatia
- Muslims by ethnicity, constitutive people in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
- Pomaks, a term for Slavic Muslims in Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey
- Bulgarian Muslims (or Pomaks), a community of ethnic Bulgarians of Islamic faith
- Macedonian Muslims (or Torbeši), a community of ethnic Macedonians of Islamic faith
- Gorani, small community in Kosovo, Albania, and Macedonia
- Croat Muslims, a community of ethnic Croats of Islamic faith
- Serb Muslims, a broad term
Balkan Slavic Muslims[who?] follow Hanafi Sunni Islam.[vague] There are also Shia and Sufi minorities (see Bektashi Order) in the Balkans. According to the religious ideology of Christoslavism, coined by Michael Sells, "the belief that Slavs are Christian by nature and that any conversion from Christianity is a betrayal of the Slavic race" as seen in Croatian and Serbian nationalism, Slavic Muslim are not regarded part of their ethnic kin, as by conversion to Islam, they become "Turks".
East Slavic Muslims
- Mike Dixon-Kennedy (1998). Encyclopedia of Russian and Slavic Myth and Legend. ABC-CLIO. pp. 260–. ISBN 978-1-57607-063-5.
- Sabrina P. Ramet (1989). Religion and Nationalism in Soviet and East European Politics. Duke University Press. pp. 380–. ISBN 0-8223-0891-6.
- Steven L. Jacobs (2009). Confronting Genocide: Judaism, Christianity, Islam. Lexington Books. pp. 82–. ISBN 978-0-7391-3589-1.
- Omer Bartov; Phyllis Mack (1 January 2001). In God's Name: Genocide and Religion in the Twentieth Century. Berghahn Books. pp. 183–. ISBN 978-1-57181-302-2.