Slavic Orthodox

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Slavic Orthodox is an umbrella term for the Eastern Orthodox Churches that use Church Slavonic in their liturgies, as well as for the Slavic nations that are predominantly Eastern Orthodox (Orthodox Slavs).

All Slavic Churches, with the exception of the Bulgarian Church, use the Julian calendar exclusively, and all use it to calculate the date Pascha (Easter) is celebrated.

Autocephalous churches[edit]

Church Year autocephaly granted Number of followers
Bulgarian Orthodox Church 870 8–10 million
Serbian Orthodox Church 1219 8–12 million
Russian Orthodox Church 1589 150 million
Polish Orthodox Church 1924 600,000
Czech and Slovak Orthodox Church 1998 100,000


Slavic states with Orthodox majority or plurality:

State Adherents
 Serbia 84.59% (2011 census)
 Ukraine 72% (2008 est.)
 Montenegro 70.07% (2011 census)
 Macedonia 64.78% (2002 census)
 Bulgaria 59.4% (2011 census)
 Belarus 48.3% (2011 census)
 Russia 41% (2012 census)

Other Slavic states with minority Orthodox populations include Croatia (4.44%, 2011 census[1]), and West Slavs (Slovakia (0.9%, 2011,[2] Poland (0.7%, 2011), and the Czech Republic).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Population by Religion, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Table 14 Population by religion" (PDF). Statistical Office of the SR. 2011. Retrieved Jun 8, 2012.