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Orthodox Slavs

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Orthodox Slavs
Orthodox Slavs.png
     Orthodox Slavic countries
Total population
215,789,388 (2015)
Regions with significant populations
Eastern Europe (Balkans + Sarmatic Plain)
Slavic (East Slavic and South Slavic) tongues:
Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian
Eastern Orthodox Church
Related ethnic groups
Other Slavs

The Orthodox Slavs are a subgroup of Slavic peoples who adhere to the Orthodox Christian faith and liturgy. They separated from the common Slavic group in the 7th century CE, and established independent polities in Eastern Europe, specifically in the Balkans and Sarmatic Plain by the 8th and 9th centuries[1].

Orthodox Slavonic nations today include the Belarusians, Bulgarians, Macedonians (FYROM), Montenegrins, Russians, Serbs and Ukrainians[2]. They inhabit a contiguous area in Eastern Europe stretching from the northeast in the Baltic Sea to the Carpathian and Balkan Mountains in the southeast and southwest; from the north in the Russian Federation to the southwest in Macedonia near the Greek border. There are also major Orthodox Slavic population hubs and communities in North Asia (predominantly Siberia), the Americas (predominantly North America), and significant diaspora groups throughout the rest of the world.

All Orthodox Slavic Churches, with the exception of the Bulgarian Church, use the Julian calendar exclusively, and all use it to calculate the date Pascha (Easter) is celebrated.


Slavic states with Orthodox majority or plurality:

State Adherents
 Belarus 48.3% (2011 census)
 Bulgaria 59.4% (2011 census)
 Macedonia 64.78% (2002 census)
 Montenegro 70.07% (2011 census)
 Russia 41% (2012 census)
 Serbia 84.59% (2011 census)
 Ukraine 72% (2008 est.)

Other Slavic states with minority Orthodox populations include Croatia (4.44%, 2011 census[3]), and West Slavs (Slovakia (0.9%, 2011,[4] Poland (0.7%, 2011), and the Czech Republic).

See also


  1. ^ Stanoyevich, Milivoy S. (1919-01-01). "The Ethnography of the Yugo-Slavs". Geographical Review. 7 (2): 91–97. doi:10.2307/207774. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Population by Religion, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Table 14 Population by religion" (PDF). Statistical Office of the SR. 2011. Retrieved Jun 8, 2012.