Slavuta

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Slavuta
Славута
Slavuta, Khmelnitskyi Oblast
Slavuta, Khmelnitskyi Oblast
Flag of Slavuta
Flag
Coat of arms of Slavuta
Coat of arms
Slavuta is located in Khmelnytskyi Oblast
Slavuta
Slavuta
Location in Khmelnytskyi Oblast
Coordinates: 50°18′10″N 26°52′06″E / 50.30278°N 26.86833°E / 50.30278; 26.86833
Country  Ukraine
Oblast Flag of Khmelnytskyi Oblast.svg Khmelnytskyi Oblast
Raion Slavutskyi Raion
First mention date XVII
City rights 1633
Government
 • Mayor Vasyl B. Sydor
Area
 • Total 20 km2 (8 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 35,442
 • Density 1.772/km2 (4.59/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 30000
Area code(s) +380 3842
Website http://www.slavuta-mvk.info/

Slavuta (Ukrainian: Славута, Russian: Славу́та, Polish: Sławuta, Yiddish: סלאוויטא‎, translit. Slavita) is a city of oblast subordinance in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of western Ukraine, located on the Horyn River. Serving as the administrative center of the Slavutskyi Raion (district), the city itself is also designated as a separate raion within the oblast, and is located approximately 80 km from the oblast capital, Khmelnytskyi, at around 50°18′N 26°52′E / 50.300°N 26.867°E / 50.300; 26.867. The city's population is 35,442 (Jan. 1, 2011).[1]

History[edit]

Located in Volhynia, Slavuta was founded by a member of Zaslawski family in 1633. As the family extinguished, all its possessions were transferred to Lubomirski family. Eventually the town was passed on to Marianna Lubomirska who married Pawel Sanguszko who turned the town into the family seat of the Sanguszko princes.

Between 1922 and 1939 it was on the Soviet border with Poland.

In 1791 the Szapira family set up a Hebrew printing press in Slavuta, which published an influential edition of the Talmud. Moshe Feldenkrais was born in Slavuta on May 6, 1904.[2]

Jewish history[edit]

Slavuta has a rich Jewish history. The town had a prominent Jewish community since near its establishment in the 1600's. The peak of the Jewish population of Slavuta is over 5100 in 1939, about 1/3 of the town's population. In the late 1890's the Jewish population of Slavuta was near 60% at 4900 people.

The Jewish community consisted of farmers, traders, storekeepers, and rabbinical teachers. Slavuta at one point had nearly 200 Jewish owned shops, largely due to Slavuta being established as a prominent trading town and Jewish center. Slavuta also had three established synagogues.

With WWII and the invasion of Nazis, the Jews of Slavuta had a fate similar as the Jews of hundreds of other villages near and far. Fortunately, many hundreds were able to flee to Tashkent and Siberia. But, over 2000 Jews were killed in the Slavuta ghetto and concentration camp. All but one synagogue remained, and the mass grave of Jews killed was left in a field.

After WWII, Slavuta still had a sizable Jewish community. The survivors of the ghetto and concentration camp, the Jews who fled to Siberia and Tashkent, as well as surviving Jews from surrounding villages that had been completely destroyed resettled in Slavuta. Synagogue papers, furniture, and scripts from the surrounding ravaged communities had been brought to the Slavuta synagogue. Slavuta also had many monuments established, dedicated to the Jews killed during WWII. Today, nearly 700 Jews remain in Slavuta. [3]

Famous residents[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]