Slavuta

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Slavuta

Славута

סלאוויטא Slavita
Sławuta
Slavuta, Khmelnitskyi Oblast
Slavuta, Khmelnitskyi Oblast
Flag of Slavuta
Flag
Coat of arms of Slavuta
Coat of arms
Slavuta is located in Khmelnytskyi Oblast
Slavuta
Slavuta
Location of Slavuta in Ukraine
Slavuta is located in Ukraine
Slavuta
Slavuta
Slavuta (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 50°18′10″N 26°52′06″E / 50.30278°N 26.86833°E / 50.30278; 26.86833
Country Ukraine
Oblast Khmelnytskyi Oblast
RaionSlavutskyi Raion
First mention dateXVII
City rights1633
Government
 • MayorVasyl B. Sydor
Area
 • Total20 km2 (8 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total35,442
 • Density1.772/km2 (4.59/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
30000
Area code(s)+380 3842
Websitehttp://www.slavuta-mvk.info/

Slavuta (Ukrainian: Славута, Russian: Славу́та, Polish: Sławuta, Yiddish: סלאוויטא‎, romanizedSlavita) is a city of oblast subordinance in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of western Ukraine, located on the Horyn River. Serving as the administrative center of the Slavutskyi Raion (district), the city itself is also designated as a separate raion within the oblast, and is located approximately 80 km from the oblast capital, Khmelnytskyi, at around 50°18′N 26°52′E / 50.300°N 26.867°E / 50.300; 26.867. The city's population is 35,442 (Jan. 1, 2011).[1]

History[edit]

Located in Volhynia, Slavuta was founded by a member of Zaslawski family in 1633.[2] As the family extinguished, all its possessions were transferred to Lubomirski family. Eventually the town was passed on to Marianna Lubomirska who married Pawel Sanguszko who turned the town into the family seat of the Sanguszko princes.

Between 1922 and 1939 it was on the Soviet border with Poland.

In 1791 the Szapira family set up a Hebrew printing press in Slavuta, which published an influential edition of the Talmud. Moshe Feldenkrais was born in Slavuta on May 6, 1904.[3]

Jewish history[edit]

Slavuta has a rich Jewish history. The town had a prominent Jewish community since near its establishment in the 1600s. Town records show 246 Jewish families in 1765.[2]

The peak of the Jewish population of Slavuta is over 5100 in 1939, about 1/3 of the town's population. In the late 1890s the Jewish population of Slavuta was near 60% at 4900 people.

The Jewish community consisted of farmers, traders, storekeepers, and rabbinical teachers. Slavuta at one point had nearly 200 Jewish owned shops, largely due to Slavuta being established as a prominent trading town and Jewish center. Slavuta also had three established synagogues.[2]

Slavita Shas[edit]

A complete Talmud, known as The Slavita Shas[4] was published in 1817[5] by Rabbi Moshe Shapiro,[6] "Av Bais Din and printer of Slavita."[5]:p.185

World War II and beyond[edit]

With WWII and the invasion of Nazis, the Jews of Slavuta had a fate similar as the Jews of hundreds of other villages near and far.[7] Many hundreds were able to flee to Tashkent and Siberia. But over 2000 Jews were killed in the Slavuta ghetto and concentration camp. All but one synagogue remained, and the mass grave of Jews killed was left in a field.

After WWII, the town still had a sizable Jewish community. The survivors of the ghetto and concentration camp, the Jews who fled to Siberia and Tashkent, as well as surviving Jews from surrounding villages that had been completely destroyed, came back and resettled. Synagogue papers, furniture, and scripts from the surrounding ravaged communities had been brought to the Slavuta synagogue. Slavuta also had many monuments established, dedicated to the Jews killed during WWII. Today, the Jewish population is nearly 700.[8]

Famous residents[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Державний комітет статистики України. Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2011 року, Київ-2011 (doc) Archived October 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine (in Ukrainian)
  2. ^ a b c "Slavuta". Retrieved May 24, 2019. 1633 .. self-governing town rights. .. first synagogue, archive documents in 1731. In 1765 .. poll tax .. 246 Jews registered
  3. ^ Feldenkrais.com Archived January 19, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "A loan from the heart". Hamodia. February 12, 2015.
  5. ^ a b Hanoch Teller. Soul Survivors. New York City Publishing Company. pp. 185–203. ISBN 0-961-4772-0-2. .. a copy of the greatly valued Slavita Shas.
  6. ^ "This Day In History 9 Kislev/December 9 - 5560/1839, Harav Moshe Shapira of Slavita, zy"a". Hamodia. December 9, 2016.
  7. ^ "Memorials to the murdered Jews of Slavuta".
  8. ^ http://jewua.org/slavuta/

External links[edit]