Church of St. Dorothy
|First mention date||XVII|
|• Mayor||Vasyl B. Sydor|
|• Total||20 km2 (8 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code(s)||+380 3842|
Slavuta (Ukrainian: Славута, Russian: Славу́та, Polish: Sławuta, Yiddish: סלאוויטא, romanized: Slavita) is a city of oblast subordinance in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of western Ukraine, located on the Horyn River. (district), the city itself is also designated as a separate raion within the oblast, and is located approximately 80 km from the oblast capital, Khmelnytskyi, at around . Population: 35,230 (2020 est.)
Located in Volhynia, Slavuta was founded by a member of Zaslawski family in 1633. As the family extinguished, all its possessions were transferred to Lubomirski family. Eventually the town was passed on to Marianna Lubomirska who married Pawel Sanguszko who turned the town into the family seat of the Sanguszko princes.
Between 1922 and 1939 it was on the Soviet border with Poland.
The peak of the Jewish population of Slavuta is over 5100 in 1939, about 1/3 of the town's population. In the late 1890s the Jewish population of Slavuta was near 60% at 4900 people.
The Jewish community consisted of farmers, traders, storekeepers, and rabbinical teachers. Slavuta at one point had nearly 200 Jewish owned shops, largely due to Slavuta being established as a prominent trading town and Jewish center. Slavuta also had three established synagogues.
A complete Talmud, known as The Slavita Shas was published in 1817 by Rabbi Moshe Shapira, "Av Bais Din and printer of Slavita.":p.185 The Shapira Press was given a 25-year license to be the soul publishers of the Talmud in their region by a Jewish court.
World War II and beyond
With WWII and the invasion of Nazis, the Jews of Slavuta had a fate similar as the Jews of hundreds of other villages near and far. Many hundreds were able to flee to Tashkent and Siberia. But over 2000 Jews were killed in the Slavuta ghetto and concentration camp. All but one synagogue remained, and the mass grave of Jews killed was left in a field.
After WWII, the town still had a sizable Jewish community. The survivors of the ghetto and concentration camp, the Jews who fled to Siberia and Tashkent, as well as surviving Jews from surrounding villages that had been completely destroyed, came back and resettled. Synagogue papers, furniture, and scripts from the surrounding ravaged communities had been brought to the Slavuta synagogue. Slavuta also had many monuments established, dedicated to the Jews killed during WWII. Today, the Jewish population is nearly 700.
- Henryk Rzewuski was a Polish Romantic-era journalist and novelist.
- Evsei Liberman was a Soviet economist.
- Moshé Feldenkrais physicist and the founder of the Feldenkrais Method, designed to improve human functioning by increasing self-awareness through movement.
- Chava Shapiro was a Hebrew writer and journalist
- Oleksandr Zinchenko was a Ukrainian politician who was Director-General of the National Space Agency of Ukraine from 2009 to 2010.
- Family Sanguszko (Belarusian: Сангушка, Ukrainian: Сангушко) is a Polish-Lithuanian noble family of the Ruthenian (now Ukrainian) stock from the Gediminid dynasty. Like other princely houses of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
- "Slavuta". Retrieved May 24, 2019.
1633 .. self-governing town rights. .. first synagogue, archive documents in 1731. In 1765 .. poll tax .. 246 Jews registered
- Feldenkrais.com Archived January 19, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- "A loan from the heart". Hamodia. February 12, 2015.
- Hanoch Teller. Soul Survivors. New York City Publishing Company. pp. 185-203. ISBN 0-961-4772-0-2.
.. a copy of the greatly valued Slavita Shas.
- "This Day In History 9 Kislev/December 9 - 5560/1839, Harav Moshe Shapira of Slavita, zy"a". Hamodia. December 9, 2016.
- Hoffman, Yair (December 22, 2016). "The Slavuta Shas". The Yeshiva World. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
- "Memorials to the murdered Jews of Slavuta".
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