Sledging (cricket)

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Sledging is a term used in cricket to describe the practice whereby some players seek to gain an advantage by insulting or verbally intimidating the opposing player. The purpose is to try to weaken the opponent's concentration, thereby causing them to make mistakes or underperform. It can be effective because the batsman stands within hearing range of the bowler and certain close fielders; and vice versa. The insults may be direct or feature in conversations among fielders designed to be overheard. The term has also been used in other sports, as when the tennis player Nick Kyrgios insulted his opponent, Stan Wawrinka, by referring to a purported encounter between another player and the latter's girlfriend.[1]

There is debate in the cricketing world as to whether this constitutes poor sportsmanship or good-humoured banter.[2] Sledging is sometimes interpreted as abuse, and it is acknowledged some comments aimed as sledges do sometimes cross the line into personal abuse, however, this is not always the case. Sledging can sometimes be a humorous attempt at distraction. Former Australian captain Steve Waugh referred to the practice as 'mental disintegration'.[3]

Origin[edit]

Australian newspapers acknowledged "sledging" as a term in the mid-1970s.[4][5] Despite the relatively recent coining of the term, the practice is as old as cricket itself, with historical accounts of witty banter between players being quite common. W. G. Grace and his brother E. M. were noted throughout their careers for being "noisy and boisterous" on the field. W. G. admitted that they used to "chaff" (i.e., tease) opponents, and this is seen as part of the gamesmanship for which E. M. and W. G. were always controversial.[6]

According to Ian Chappell, the use of "sledging" as a term originated at Adelaide Oval in either the 1963–1964 or 1964–1965 Sheffield Shield competition. Chappell claims that a cricketer who swore in the presence of a woman was said to have reacted to an incident "like a sledgehammer". As a result, the direction of insults or obscenities at opponents became known as "sledging".[7]

According to the BBC’s Pat Murphy: “My understanding is that it came from the mid-sixties and a guy called Grahame Corling, who used to open the bowling for New South Wales and Australia … apparently the suggestion was that this guy's wife was [having an affair] with another team-mate, and when he came into bat [the fielding team] started singing When a Man Loves A Woman, the old Percy Sledge number.”[8]

The 1974–75 Australians were labelled the Ugly Australians for their hard-nosed cricket, verbal abuse and hostile fast bowling. "Behind the batsmen, Rod Marsh and his captain Ian Chappell would vie with each other in profanity",[9] and Tom Graveney wrote "It was an open secret that he used to encourage his players to give a lot of verbal abuse to rival batsman when they were at the wicket in an attempt to break their concentration."[10]

West Indian batsman Viv Richards was notorious for punishing bowlers that dared to sledge him. So much so, that many opposing captains banned their players from the practice. However, in a county game against Glamorgan, Greg Thomas attempted to sledge him after he had played and missed at several balls in a row. He informed Richards: "It's red, round and weighs about five ounces, in case you were wondering." Richards hammered the next delivery out of the cricket grounds and into the nearby river Taff. Turning to the bowler, he commented: "Greg, you know what it looks like, now go and find it."[11]

International Views[edit]

Australia[edit]

It has been pointed out that the Australian cricket team believes in playing in a more 'robust' fashion than others and that it upholds a 'sledging culture'.[12] Australian bowler Merv Hughes has claimed that he credits sledging for twenty-five percent of the wickets he has taken.[13]. As per Australian cricketer Mark Taylor, Australian fans want to watch 'combative cricket'.[14] Australian batsman Ricky Ponting has argued that sledging helps get players 'out of control' and 'out of their comfort zone'. Ponting has also said that it's 'not as bad' as the average person would think.[15] Australian spinner Shane Warne describes sledging as an 'effective cricketing weapon'.[13] On Allan Border's advice, Warne has also adopted sledging as a technique to 'switch on' for a contest.[13] Australian all-rounder Michael Clarke has said that he 'loved the aggressive approach'.[16] In response to 'personal sledging' accusations against his team, Australian cricketer Steve Smith has said, "Getting personal on the field is not on, that's crossing the line in my opinion."[17]

Before the controversial Test series during Australia's Tour of South Africa in 2018 commenced, Australian spinner Nathan Lyon commented on sledging: "We know where the line is. We headbutt it, but we don’t go over it."[18] Following the 2018 Australian ball-tampering scandal, voices calling for a reformation of Australia's 'cricket culture' have emerged.[19] Australian Prime Minister Malcom Turnbull called for an end to sledging following the 2018 Australian ball-tampering scandal.[20]

Bangladesh[edit]

Historically described as a 'timid' side, Bangladesh underwent a transformation as they grew in confidence following the 2015 Cricket World Cup, according to Bangladeshi cricketer Mashrafe Mortaza. Mortaza says that he encourages his players to 'look the opponent in the eye' while 'not overstepping a line'. He also insists that his side 'does not start a conversation' on the field. Bangladesh former cricketer and commentator Athar Ali Khan says that Bangladesh has moved out of a 'culture of backing off'.[21]

India[edit]

Saurav Ganguly is known to be among India's first 'aggressive' captains who employed sledging on the field.[22] Indian batsman Virender Sehwag has said, "If there's no sledging, there won't be any enjoyment left in the game."[23] Indian cricketer Gautam Gambhir said it's fine to do 'whatever you can to upset the opposition till the time you don't get personal.'[24][25] Indian wicketkeeper MS Dhoni has described sledging as an 'art' and has said it is fair as long as a 'line' isn't crossed.[26] Indian pacer Sreesanth has said that sledging is 'part and parcel' of the game.[27] Indian bowler Irfan Pathan has said that sledging has a 'certain charm' about it also adding that it should be done 'within limits'.[28] Indian legend Sachin Tendulkar has called for sledging within 'certain limits' in his autobiography Playing It My Way.[29] Former Indian cricketer and commentator Sunil Gavaskar explains that sledging is done to 'disrupt a cricketer's concentration'.[30]

Indian cricket captain Virat Kohli said, "We take it very well and we give it back even better."[31] Ganguly has stated that Kohli's aggression is 'two-times more' than his own.[32] Under Kohli's captaincy, players are required to have 'top fitness, high intensity and an agressive mindset'.[33] Sachin Tendulkar has pointed out that aggression has become the strength of the Indian team under Kohli.[34] Indian Test cricketer Cheteshwar Pujara said that he makes 'a lot of noise on the field' and believes that sledging 'helps the bowlers'. [35] Indian batsman Ajinkya Rahane has compared sledging (on the cricket field) to 'car honking while driving'.[36]

Pakistan[edit]

Pakistani cricketer Imran Khan has mentioned that his players 'learnt' aggression during Pakistan's 1972-73 tour of Australia. Khan specifically mentioned Sarfaraz Nawaz among the players that 'picked up sledging' from the Australians.[37] In 1999, the Pakistan Cricket Board lodged an official complaint to its Australian counterpart over 'persistent sledging' and the use of 'highly abusive language' against Pakistani players.[38] Before Pakistan's Tour of Australia in 2004, then Pakistani captain Inzamam-ul-Haq made it clear that his players will 'give what they get' if subjected to sledging.[39] Pakistani paceman Wasim Akram has emphasised that what is said on the field should remain on the field.[40]

South Africa[edit]

South African skipper Faf Du Plessis remarked that "If showing aggression is considered a breach of conduct, we could rather have bowling machines bowl to a batsman."[29]

Sri Lanka[edit]

The Sri Lankan Cricket Team has had a reputation of avoiding verbal aggression.[41] Former Sri Lankan captain Arjuna Ranatunga called for a ban on sledging in early 2008 with particular reference to Australia's interactions with touring sides.[42] Sri Lankan wicketkeeper Kumar Sangakkara drew a clear distinction between aggression 'on the field' and verbal sledging, remarking that the two are different from each other.[41]

West Indies[edit]

The West Indies Cricket Team is known to have had 'feared pace attacks' during the 1980s.[43] According to West Indies great Viv Richards, sledging is an 'inevitable part' of modern-day cricket. Richards further expounds that 'racial' slurring translates to crossing the line, comparing it to 'being hit in the nuts' and asserting that it is unacceptable.[44]

Sledging incidents[edit]

Recorded incidents
Players Involved Date Match Part of Description
Allan Border and Robin Smith August 10-14, 1989  England vs  Australia Australian Cricket Team in England in 1989 When England cricketer Robin Smith asked for a drink, Australia's Allan Border bursted out: "What do you think this is, a fucking tea party? No, you can’t have a fucking glass of water, you can fucking wait like the rest of us.”[45][46]
Javed Minded and Merv Huges 1990  Australia vs  Pakistan Pakistani Cricket Team in Australia in 1989-90 One incident, as recalled by Merv Hughes, was when he was bowling to Pakistan batsman Javed Miandad, who informed the overweight bowler that he was "too fat to be playing cricket" and "should be driving buses". After Hughes got Javed caught out, he intercepted him on his way back to the pavilion and said, "ticket please".[47]
Glenn McGrath and Allan Mullally December 29, 1998  Australia vs  England English Cricket Team in Australia in 1998-99 Australian cricketer Glenn McGrath had a go at England's Allan Mullally who responded to the Australian's sledging with 'smirks and smiles'.[48]
Michael Atherton and Kumar Sangakkara March 9, 2001  Sri Lanka vs  England English Cricket Team in Sri Lanka in 2001 England's Michael Atherton 'wagged' his finger at Sri Lanka's Kumar Sangakkara while the former was batting. Both players also claimed that the other was cheating.[49]
Mark Waugh and James Ormond August 23-27, 2001  England vs  Australia 2001 Ashes During the fifth test at the Oval, Australia's Mark Waugh jibed at England's James Ormond saying, "Look who it is. Mate, what are you doing here? There’s no way you’re good enough to play for England.” to which Ormond responded with: “Maybe not, but at least I’m the best player in my family.”[50]
Mahela Jayawardene, Sanath Jayasuriya and Herschelle Gibbs November 15-19, 2002  South Africa vs  Sri Lanka Sri Lankan Cricket Team in South Africa in 2002-03 In response to 'organized' sledging by the South African cricket team in the first Test, the Sri Lankans identified five players in the South African squad to target during the second Test. As narrated by Sri Lanka's Mahela Jayawardene, South Africa's Herschelle Gibbs was in tears when he came out to bat and requested Sri Lanka's Sanath Jayasuriya to stop the sledging.[51][52]
Kumar Sangakkara and Shaun Pollock March 3, 2003  South Africa vs  Sri Lanka 2003 Cricket World Cup In what has become a classic cricketing sledge, Sri Lankan wicketkeeper Kumar Sangakkara got under the skin of South African batsman Shaun Pollock as he came out to bat during a World Cup match between South Africa and Sri Lanka. After Sangakkara built pressure on Pollock by making him aware of the gravity of the situation, the Sri Lankan finished his sledge rant with, "Forty-two million supporters right here, depending on Shaun."[53]
Glenn McGrath and Ramnaresh Sarwan May 12, 2003  West Indies vs  Australia Australian Cricket Team in West Indies in 2003 During his sledging cameo against 21-year old West Indian batsman Ramnaresh Sarwan, Australian pacer Glenn McGrath asked the former, "What does Brian Lara's dick taste like?" The West Indian responded saying, "I don't know, ask your wife."[54] This agitated McGrath whose wife was suffering from cancer at the time. McGrath then went onto say to Sarwan: "If you fucking mention my wife again, I’ll fucking rip your fucking throat out"[55]
Nasser Hussain, Muttiah Muralitharan and Kumar Sangakkara December 10-14, 2003  Sri Lanka vs  England English Cricket Team in Sri Lanka in 2003-04 English cricketer Nasser Hussain delivered several verbals to Sri Lankan cricketer Muttiah Muralitharan during a match in the latter's hometown Kandy. When it was the Englishman's turn to bat, he was greeted by Sri Lanka's Kumar Sangakkara who jibed: “What’s it like to be hated by both teams?” This was a taunt referring to Hussain being at odds with his own teammates in addition to facing resentment from the hosts.[56]
Andre Nel and Chris Gayle December 16, 2003  South Africa vs  West Indies West Indian Cricket Team in South Africa in 2003-04 After claiming Chris Gayle's wicket, South African bowler Andre Nel made obscene gestures at the West Indian cricketer and also used foul language against him. Nel was fined under Section 1.4 of the ICC players' code of conduct.[57]
Michael Clarke, Sachin Tendulkar and Virender Sehwag December 20, 2003 Australia 'A' vs  India Border-Gavaskar Trophy 2003-04 After Australian cricketer Michael Clarke referred to Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar as 'old', Sachin's batting partner Virender Sehwag asked Clarke which dog breed he belonged to, a taunt based on his Clarke's nickname, 'Pup'.[58]
Andrew Flintoff and Tino Best July 26, 2004  England vs  West Indies West Indian Cricket Team in England in 2004 As West Indian cricketer Tino Best got ready to face the forthcoming delivery, England cricketer Andrew Flintoff, who was in the slips, told Best to 'mind the windows'. The sledge worked for Flintoff as Best was stumped in an attempt to smash the ball out of the park.[50]
Darren Gough and Shane Watson June 23, 2005  England vs  Australia Australian Cricket Team in England in 2005 After Australian cricketer Shane Watson slept on the floor of teammate Brett Lee's room at Lumley Castle in Durham following rumors of a ghost, England player Darren Gough mocked the Australian batsman the following day on the cricket field, pulling off a ghost impression and saying to Watson, "Don't worry, you can sleep in my bed tonight."[50]
Matthew Hayden and Shahriar Nafees April 19, 2006  Bangladesh vs  Australia Australian Cricket Team in Bangladesh in 2005-06 Bangladeshi batsman Shahriar Nafees revealed that he "heard a lot of things" from Australian cricketer Matthew Hayden during the second test at Chittagong. Nafees further went on to reveal that the Australian sledging continued even when Bangladesh were bowling.[21]
Chris Gayle and Michael Clarke October 18, 2006  West Indies vs  Australia 2006 Champions Trophy Jamaican cricketer Chris Gayle tried to disrupt the concentration of Australia's Michael Clarke by spewing some words at him. Gayle also shouldered Clarke for which he received a thirty percent fine on his match fees. In a futile attempt, Gayle also threw the ball towards Clarke though it ended up going to the boundary.[50]
Andre Nel and Sreesanth December 17, 2006  South Africa vs  India Indian Cricket Team in South Africa in 2006-07 After South African bowler Andre Nel jibed at Indian tail-ender Sreesanth, allegedly saying, "I can smell blood. You do not have the guts.", the latter smashed the bowler for a six over his head followed by an enthusiastic jig.[59][60]
Ryan Sidebottom and Dinesh Karthik July 28, 2007  England vs  India Indian Cricket Team in England in 2007 With India at 139-0, English cricketer Ryan Sidebottom got angry with Indian batsman Dinesh Karthik after his ball went through to the keeper, following which Karthik mocked the bowler's reaction.[50]
Andrew Flintoff and Yuvraj Singh September 19, 2007  India vs  England 2007 T20 World Cup Abusive banter between English cricketer Andrew Flintoff and Indian cricketer Yuvraj Singh ended with the latter saying, "You see this bat in my hand. You know where I am gonna hit you with this bat?"[61] Yuvraj revealed that he was fired up after the spat following which he hit six sixes in the next over.[62]
Harbhajan Singh and Andrew Symonds December 2007- January 2008  Australia vs  India Indian Cricket Team in Australia in 2007-08 Sledging came into the media spotlight during the 2007–08 Indian tour of Australia when Harbhajan Singh was accused of alleged racial abuse towards Andrew Symonds, who is of Jamaican ancestry and the only 'black' player in the otherwise 'all-white' Australian team.[63] Symonds was unable to state if he had heard Harbhajan use a term in his native tongue "teri maa ki" (an offensive Hindi term) which appears to be pronounced with an "n" and accepted that it was a possibility. The allegation was not proved and a proposed three-match ban on Harbhajan was lifted.[64]
Kevin Pietersen and Yuvraj Singh December 21, 2008  India vs  England England Cricket Team in India in 2008-09 During a Test match in Mohali, England cricketer Kevin Pietersen was involved in an on-field spat with Indian cricketer Yuvraj Singh. The stump mic caught the former saying to Yuvraj: "You are not God, you are a cricketer, and I'm a better one."[65][66]
Tamim Iqbal and Zaheer Khan January 7, 2010  Bangladesh vs  India Tri Series in Bangladesh in 2009-10 Bangladeshi batsman Tamim Iqbal spoke out against an angry Zaheer Khan after the batsman and bowler were involved in a collision.[21]
Mitchell Johnson and Scott Styris March 3, 2010  New Zealand vs  Australia Australian Cricket Team in New Zealand in 2010 Australian pacer Mitchell Johnson shoulder-barged New Zealand batsman Scott Styris who hit the bowler for four runs on the next delivery. A verbal battle then occurred with Johnson deliberately brushing his head against Styris' helmet.[50] Johnson and Styris were fined 60% and 15% of their match fees respectively.[67]
Dale Steyn and Sulieman Benn June 28, 2010  West Indies vs  South Africa South African Cricket Team in West Indies in 2010 After exchanging words with West Indian player Sulieman Benn, South African cricketer Dale Steyn appeared to spit in the former's direction when dismissed.[68] Steyn pleaded guilty to the same and was charged 100% of his match fees.[69]
Kemar Roach and Jacques Kallis June 29, 2010  West Indies vs  South Africa South African Cricket Team in West Indies in 2010 After delivering repeated bouncers at South African all-rounder Jacques Kallis, West Indian bowler Kemar Roach exchanged words with the former. As the situation got tense, umpires were forced to step in. Roach pleaded guilty to a Level 1 offence and was charged 50% of his match fees.[68]
Mitchell Johnson and James Anderson December 16, 2010  Australia vs  England 2010-11 Ashes As England bowler James Anderson prepared for his run-up, Australian non-striker Mitchell Johnson remarked "Why are you chirping now mate, not getting any wickets?” Anderson responded within the next few seconds as he cleaned up Johnson's partner Ryan Harris and gestured to 'shush' Johnson.[50]
Sreesanth and Ricky Ponting February 13, 2011  India vs  Australia 2011 Cricket World Cup During a 2011 Cricket World Cup warm-up game between India and Australia, Indian cricketer Sreesanth called the Australian captain Ricky Ponting, a "loser" and made a capital 'L' gesture with his hand after Ponting was adjudged not out by the umpire.[70]
Virat Kohli and Rubel Hossain February 19, 2011  India vs  Bangladesh 2011 Cricket World Cup Indian batsman Virat Kohli verbally abused Bangladeshi bowler Rubel Hossain after he advanced to the batsman during a match between India and Bangladesh in the 2011 Cricket World Cup.[71]
Umar Gul, Ahmed Shehzad and Balaji Rao March 3, 2011  Pakistan vs  Canada 2011 Cricket World Cup Following an aggressive exchange between Pakistani bowler Umar Gul and Canadian batsman Balaji Rao, the latter lashed out with Hindi slurs after Pakistani fieldsman Ahmed Shehzad appeared to provoke the batsman.[72]
Adnan Akmal and Robin Peterson October 14- 17, 2013  Pakistan vs  South Africa South African cricket team against Pakistan in the UAE in 2013 Pakistani wicketkeeper Adnan Akmal and South Africa's Robin Peterson were involved in an alteraction as Akmal pushed Peterson and the latter responded in kind. Both players were charged 50% of their match fees.[73][74][75][76]
Michael Clarke and James Anderson November 25, 2013  Australia vs  England 2013-14 Ashes During the 2013-14 Ashes, a stump microphone clearly caught Australian captain Michael Clarke telling England's Jimmy Anderson to "get ready for a broken fucking arm" during the first Test at The Gabba. Clarke was fined 20 per cent of his match fee by the ICC for the outburst.[77]
Mohammad Shahzad and Tamim Iqbal March 16, 2014  Bangladesh vs  Afghanistan 2014 T20 World Cup Bangladeshi batsman Tamim Iqbal called for the umpire after Afghanistan's Mohammad Shahzad said something to him while he was still taking guard.[78]
Dawlat Zadran and Shakib Al Hasan March 16, 2014  Bangladesh vs  Afghanistan 2014 T20 World Cup Afghanistan bowler Dawlat Zadran made physical contact with Bangladesh's Shakib Al Hasan who in response did the same. Both players were fined 50% of their match fees.[79][80]
Ahmed Shehzad and Tilakaratne Dilshan August 30, 2014  Sri Lanka vs  Pakistan Pakistani Cricket Team in Sri Lanka in 2014 Pakistani batsman Ahmed Shehzad was caught on camera telling Sri Lankan cricketer Tilakaratne Dilshan that a non-Muslim who converts to Islam goes to heaven no matter what he does in life.[81] The Sri Lankan player's reply was not audible following which Shehzad retorted: “then be ready for the fire”.[82] Pakistan Cricket Board chief Shaharayar Khan took up the issue with his disciplinary committee.[81]
Darren Bravo and Tamim Iqbal September 16, 2014  West Indies vs  Bangladesh Bangladeshi Cricket Team in West Indies in 2014 West Indies' Darren Bravo taunted Bangladeshi batsman Tamim Iqbal with the question: “Why don’t you pay the cricketers money?” poking fun at the Bangladesh Premier League for not clearing the salaries of several West Indian players who participated in the league. The Bangladeshi replied, "Don’t come to our country and beg for money" following which the umpire intervened.[83]
Brad Haddin and Ahmed Shehzad October 5, 2014  Australia vs  Pakistan Australian cricket team against Pakistan in the UAE in 2014–15 As Pakistani batsman Ahmed Shehzad completes his shot, he picks up the ball and gives it to Australian wicket-keeper (and vice-captain) Brad Haddin who bursts at the Pakistani batsman: "Hey, what are you doing here? Move out of the fucking away!"[84]
Michael Clarke, Steve Smith and Azhar Ali October 30, 2014  Pakistan vs  Australia Australian cricket team against Pakistan in the UAE in 2014–15 Australian captain Michael Clarke expressed displeasure with teammate Steve Smith after the former misunderstood Smith's sledge directed towards Pakistani batsman Azhar Ali for 'friendly' chat.[85]
Virat Kohli and Sohail Khan February 15, 2015  India vs  Pakistan 2015 Cricket World Cup Sledging by India's Virat Kohli rattled Pakistan's Sohail Khan who reacted animatedly after which the former broke out into laughter and gestured the crowd to chant and get louder.[86]
Brad Haddin, Martin Guptill and Grant Elliott March 29, 2015  Australia vs  New Zealand 2015 Cricket World Cup During the 2015 World Cup Final, Australian wicketkeeper Brad Haddin was engaged in 'repeated chatter' and 'sending-off' New Zealand batsmen Martin Guptill and Grant Elliott.[87] In a later interview, Haddin said, "You know what? They deserved it." Haddin also said that during Australia's visit to New Zealand, the Kiwi players were so nice to the Australians that it made him 'uncomfortable'.[88]
Shakib Al Hasan and Wahab Riaz May 2, 2015  Bangladesh vs  Pakistan Pakistani Cricket Team in Bangladesh in 2014-15 Pakistani cricketer Wahab Riaz and Bangladeshi batsman Shakib Al Hasan had an intense exchange of words that included finger-pointing and arguing during the final day of the first Test match at Khulna. Both players were fined 30 percent of their match fees.[89]
Quinton De Kock and Tamim Iqbal July 22, 2015  Bangladesh vs  South Africa South African Cricket Team in Bangladesh in 2015 As South Africa's Quinton De Kock confronted Bangladeshi opener Tamim Iqbal, De Kock brushed the latter's shoulder and rib area which led to a bitter confrontation between the two.[90] The South African was fined 75% of his match fees.[91]
James Faulkner and Virat Kohli January 17, 2016  Australia vs  India Indian Cricket Team in Australia in 2015-16 After Australia's James Faulkner jibed at Indian vice-captain Virat Kohli, the Indian batsman retorted saying, "You're wasting your energy. There's no point. I've smashed you enough in my life. Just go and bowl,". Kohli went on to score 117 runs, registering his 24th ODI hundred.[92]
Virat Kohli and James Faulkner January 20, 2016  Australia vs  India Indian Cricket Team in Australia in 2015-16 Indian batsman Virat Kohli jeered at Australia's James Faulkner, telling the latter that he was 'fast asleep back there' after he missed a throw in an attempt to run the batsman out. Kohli also cradled his bat like a baby (to indicate Faulkner was caught napping) as the sledge continued.[93]
Chris Morris and Mohammad Shahzad March 20, 2016  South Africa vs  Afghanistan 2016 T20 World Cup After Afghanistan cricketer Mohammad Shahzad lost his wicket to South Africa's Chris Morris, the latter gave the former a send-off, pointing his finger towards the dressing room and throwing a few words at the batsman. When Shahzad was asked about the South African bowling attack, he said that Morris was 'dangerous' but South African pacer Dale Steyn (who was not playing the match) was not.[94]
Liam Plunkett and Imad Wasim August 27, 2016  England vs  Pakistan Pakistani Cricket Team in England and Ireland in 2016 England bowler Liam Plunkett exchanged words with Pakistan's Imad Wasim following which the umpire stepped in.[95]
Mahmudullah, Mashrafe Mortaza, Sabbir Rahman and Jos Buttler October 9, 2016  Bangladesh vs  England English Cricket Team in Bangladesh in 2016-17 During the 2016 England Tour of Bangladesh, Bangladeshi bowler Mahmudullah gave a 'proper' send-off to England captain Jos Buttler which irked the latter who retaliated with words.[21] This further prompted a reaction from Bangladeshi players Mashrafe Mortaza and Sabbir Rahman who were both fined 20% of their match fees.[96]
Imran Tahir and David Warner October 12, 2016  South Africa vs  Australia Australian Cricket Team in South Africa in 2016 During a match at Cape Town, South Africa's Imran Tahir got involved in an altercation with Australia's David Warner. The South African leg-spinner was fined 30% of his match fees and issued two demerit points.[97]
Ben Stokes and Sabbir Rahman October 30, 2016  Bangladesh vs  England English Cricket Team in Bangladesh in 2016-17 England cricketer Ben Stokes verbally engaged with Bangladesh's Sabbir Rahman, ignoring requests from the on-field umpires to stop the exchange.[98] Bangladesh went on to win the test by 108 runs and Stokes was fined 15% of his match fees for breaching the ICC Code of Conduct.[99]
Ishant Sharma and Sabbir Rahman February 13, 2017  India vs  Bangladesh Bangladeshi Cricket Team in India in 2017 Following a staring contest between Indian bowler Ishant Sharma and Bangladeshi batsman Sabbir Rahman in the 69th over, Sharma gestured the latter to 'watch the ball, play his cricket and keep shut.' In the 71st over, the Indian pacer got Rahman out leg before wicket and hurled expletives at the batsman during his animated send-off.[100]
Virat Kohli and Matt Renshaw March 5, 2017  India vs  Australia Australian Cricket Team in India in 2017 Indian skipper Virat Kohli told Australian batsman Matt Renshaw to 'run off and go to the toilet', a taunt constructed around Renshaw's toilet break in the preceding Test match. Renshaw also exclaimed that is was really 'loud' when Kohli began to pump up the crowd.[101][102]
Ben Stokes and Tamim Iqbal June 1, 2017  England vs  Bangladesh 2017 Champions Trophy After Bangladeshi batsman Tamim Iqbal hit England all-rounder Ben Stokes for four runs, the latter went on a sledging spree against the batsman. Tamim motioned the bowler to go back to this crease twice. The umpire had to step in after Tamim protested against Stokes putting his hand on the batsman's shoulder, thereby making physical contact.[103]
Virat Kohli, Azhar Ali and Fakhar Zaman June 18, 2017  Pakistan vs  India 2017 Champions Trophy India's Virat Kohli was constantly sledging Pakistani batsmen Fakhar Zaman and Azhar Ali, saying: "Arre, ek wicket nikal jayega toh yeh saare out ho jaayenge (If we get one wicket, the rest will collapse)."[104]
Jasprit Bumrah and Fakhar Zaman June 18, 2017  Pakistan vs  India 2017 Champions Trophy India's Jasprit Bumrah was provoking Pakistani batsman Fakhar Zaman, saying to the latter, "‘Thoda saamne bhi run banaa le. Kab tak aise khelega? (Make some runs in front of the wicket. How long are you going to play like this?)"[105]
Hasan Ali and Mosaddek Hossain November 20, 2017 Dhaka Dynamites vs Comilla Victorians Bangladesh Premier League 2017-18 Comilla Victorians' Pakistani bowler Hasan Ali showed Dhaka Dynamites' Mosaddek Hossain the way to the dressing room in an 'inappropriate' way.[106]
James Anderson, Stuart Broad and Steve Smith December 5, 2017  Australia vs  England English cricket team in Australia in 2017-18 England's James Anderson revealed that sledging against Australian captain Steve Smith worked as they got him out 'cheaply'. He went on to say that the Australian appeared to be 'more interested in chatting to me (Anderson) and Stuart (Broad) than focussing on his job'.[107]
Virat Kohli and Faf Du Plessis January 13, 2018  South Africa vs  India Indian Cricket Team in South Africa in 2017-18 As South African captain Faf Du Plessis was involved in two run-outs, Indian captain Virat Kohli was heard making a jibe at former, "two errors in judgement skipper".[108]
Virat Kohli and Tabraiz Shamsi February 13, 2018  South Africa vs  India Indian Cricket Team in South Africa in 2017-18 Stump mic caught Indian skipper Virat Kohli sledging South African cricketer Tabraiz Shamsi as Kohli mocked the latter: "Chest pad Shammo (Shamsi), you have a chest pad on!"[109]
Quinton De Kock and David Warner March 1-5, 2018  South Africa vs  Australia Australian Cricket Team in South Africa in 2018 During a test match between South Africa and Australia in Durban, South Africa's Quinton De Kock allegedly made a comment about Australian cricketer David Warner's wife after which it was learnt that Warner called De Kock 'a fucking sook'. Warner was charged with a Level 2 breach following which he was levied a 75 percent match fee deduction. De Kock was charged a Level 1 breach which he contested.[110]
Mitchell Starc and Theunis de Bruyn March 4, 2018  South Africa vs  Australia Australian Cricket Team in South Africa in 2018 Australian fast bowler Mitchell Starc and South African cricketer Theunis de Bruyn exchanged words in the first test match as the Australian paceman gave the latter a 'gobful'.[111][112]
Kagiso Rabada and Steve Smith March 9, 2018  South Africa vs  Australia Australian Cricket Team in South Africa in 2018 South Africa's Kagiso Rabada shouldered Australian skipper Steve Smith and screamed at the Australian after claiming his wicket.[113] Rabada was fined 50% of his match fee and issued three demerit points for this offence.[114]
Kagiso Rabada and David Warner March 11, 2018  South Africa vs  Australia Australian Cricket Team in South Africa in 2018 South African pacer Kagiso Rabada screamed at Australia's David Warner upon claiming his wicket. Rabada was fined 15% of his match fee and issued one demerit point for this offence.[114]
Thisara Perera and Nurul Hasan Sohan March 16, 2018  Sri Lanka vs  Bangladesh 2018 Nidahas Trophy Bangladeshi cricketer Nurol Hasan Sohan, who was not part of the playing-eleven squad on the day, engaged in a discussion with his teammates batting on the crease (as he brought them beverages) when he was interrupted by Sri Lankan skipper Thisara Perera who said, "you don't have to talk". Sohan exclaimed to Perera that "I'm not talking to you" following which the latter verbally abused him.[115]
Shivam Mavi and Colin Munro April 27, 2018 Delhi Daredevils vs Kolkata Knight Riders IPL 2018 Indian pacer Shivam Mavi verbally abused Delhi's New Zealand opener Colin Munro after dismissing him during a match between the Delhi Daredevils and Kolkata Knight Riders in the 2018 Indian Premier League.[116]
Avesh Khan and Andre Russell April 27, 2018 Delhi Daredevils vs Kolkata Knight Riders IPL 2018 Indian bowler Avesh Khan used expletives against West-Indian Andre Russell during a match between the Delhi Daredevils and Kolkata Knight Riders in the 2018 Indian Premier League.[116]
Bhuvneshwar Kumar and David Willey July 3, 2018  England vs  India Indian Cricket Team in England in 2018 After English cricketer David Willey appeared to say something on the field, Indian pacer Bhuvneshwar Kumar advanced towards him and said 'what, what, what?' as an altercation unfolded.[117]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]