Sledging (cricket)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
"Off the field I am good friends with them (Australian cricketers) but on the field it is a competition" - Indian cricketer Virat Kohli, who has sledged Australia on numerous occasions.[This quote needs a citation]

Sledging is a term used in cricket to describe the practice whereby some players seek to gain an advantage by insulting or verbally intimidating the opposing player. The purpose is to try to weaken the opponent's concentration, thereby causing them to make mistakes or underperform.[1] It can be effective because the batsman stands within hearing range of the bowler and certain close fielders; and vice versa. The insults may be direct or feature in conversations among fielders designed to be overheard. The term has also been used in other sports, as when the tennis player Nick Kyrgios insulted his opponent, Stan Wawrinka, by referring to a purported encounter between another player and the latter's girlfriend.[2]

There is debate in the cricketing world as to whether this constitutes poor sportsmanship or good-humoured banter.[3] Sledging is sometimes interpreted as abuse, and it is acknowledged some comments aimed as sledges do sometimes cross the line into personal abuse.

Sledging can sometimes be a humorous attempt at distraction. Former Australian captain Steve Waugh referred to the practice as "mental disintegration".[4]

Origin[edit]

"Sledging is an effective cricketing weapon" - Australian cricketer Shane Warne, who revealed that he sledged to charge up himself.[This quote needs a citation]

Australian newspapers acknowledged "sledging" as a term in the mid-1970s.[5][6] Despite the relatively recent coining of the term, the practice is as old as cricket itself, with historical accounts of witty banter between players being quite common. W. G. Grace and his brother E. M. were noted throughout their careers for being "noisy and boisterous" on the field. W. G. admitted that they used to "chaff" (i.e., tease) opponents, and this is seen as part of the gamesmanship for which E. M. and W. G. were always controversial.[7]

According to Ian Chappell, the use of "sledging" as a term originated at Adelaide Oval in either the 1963–1964 or 1964–1965 Sheffield Shield competition. Chappell claims that a cricketer who swore in the presence of a woman was said to have reacted to an incident "like a sledgehammer". As a result, the direction of insults or obscenities at opponents became known as "sledging".[8]

According to the BBC’s Pat Murphy: "My understanding is that it came from the mid-sixties and a guy called Grahame Corling, who used to open the bowling for New South Wales and Australia … apparently the suggestion was that this guy's wife was [having an affair] with another team-mate, and when he came into bat [the fielding team] started singing When a Man Loves A Woman, the old Percy Sledge number."[9]

"I don't have anger issues" - English cricketer Ben Stokes who has been involved in several confrontations with Australia.[This quote needs a citation]

The 1974–75 Australians were labelled the Ugly Australians for their hard-nosed cricket, verbal abuse and hostile fast bowling. "Behind the batsmen, Rod Marsh and his captain Ian Chappell would vie with each other in profanity",[10] and Tom Graveney wrote "It was an open secret that he used to encourage his players to give a lot of verbal abuse to rival batsman when they were at the wicket in an attempt to break their concentration."[11]

West Indian batsman Viv Richards was notorious for punishing bowlers that dared to sledge him. So much so, that many opposing captains banned their players from the practice. However, in a county game against Glamorgan, Greg Thomas attempted to sledge him after he had played and missed at several balls in a row. He informed Richards: "It's red, round and weighs about five ounces, in case you were wondering." Richards hammered the next delivery out of the cricket ground and into the nearby River Taff. Turning to the bowler, he commented: "Greg, you know what it looks like, now go and find it."[12]

International Views[edit]

Australia[edit]

It has been pointed out[by whom?] that the Australian cricket team believes in playing in a more "robust" fashion than others and that it upholds a "sledging culture".[13] Australian bowler Merv Hughes has claimed that he credits sledging for twenty-five percent of the wickets he has taken.[14] As per Australian cricketer Mark Taylor, Australian fans want to watch "combative cricket".[15] Australian batsman Ricky Ponting has argued that sledging helps get players "out of control" and "out of their comfort zone". Ponting has also said that it's "not as bad" as the average person would think.[16] Australian spinner Shane Warne describes sledging as an "effective cricketing weapon".[14] On Allan Border's advice, Warne has also adopted sledging as a technique to "switch on" for a contest.[14] Australian all-rounder Michael Clarke has said that he "loved the aggressive approach".[17] In response to "personal sledging" accusations against his team, Australian cricketer Steve Smith has said, "Getting personal on the field is not on, that's crossing the line in my opinion."[18] By contrast, Australian opener Ed Cowan suggests that "all sledging is personal" adding that Australian cricketers should be "nowhere near the line".[19]

Before the controversial Test series during Australia's Tour of South Africa in 2018 commenced, Australian spinner Nathan Lyon commented on sledging: "We know where the line is. We headbutt it, but we don’t go over it."[20] Following the 2018 Australian ball-tampering scandal, voices calling for a reformation of Australia's 'cricket culture' have emerged.[21] Australian Prime Minister Malcom Turnbull called for an end to sledging following the scandal.[22] Following the outrage over the scandal, former Australian cricketer Justin Langer said that cricket would be 'dull' without sledging. Australian batsman David Warner who received a one-year ban following the controversial series, exclaimed: "I play with aggression on the field and I try not to cross that line".[19] Former Australian cricketer and former coach of the Australian team Darren Lehmann has suggested that Australia is 'not as bad' as portrayed, adding that sledging was worse during his own times.[23]

Bangladesh[edit]

Historically described as a 'timid' side, Bangladesh underwent a transformation as they grew in confidence following the 2015 Cricket World Cup, according to Bangladeshi cricketer Mashrafe Mortaza. Mortaza says that he encourages his players to 'look the opponent in the eye' while 'not overstepping a line'. He also insists that his side 'does not start a conversation' on the field. Bangladesh former cricketer and commentator Athar Ali Khan says that Bangladesh has moved out of a 'culture of backing off'.[24]

England[edit]

England coach Trevor Bayliss expressed disapproval over sledging being caught on the stump mics, suggesting that sledging must be censored on television as it isn't a 'great thing for young kids at home watching'.[25] England wicketkeeper Jonny Bairstow has expressed a need for greater clarity with regard to what is 'personal', pointing out that there are so many grey areas around the 'line'.[26] Before England's Tour of New Zealand in 2018, former English cricketer Geoffrey Boycott called for English cricketers to 'drop' sledging.[27]

India[edit]

Saurav Ganguly is known to be among India's first 'aggressive' captains who employed sledging on the field.[28] Indian batsman Virender Sehwag has said, "If there's no sledging, there won't be any enjoyment left in the game."[29] Indian cricketer Gautam Gambhir said it's fine to do 'whatever you can to upset the opposition till the time you don't get personal.'[30][31] Indian wicketkeeper MS Dhoni has described sledging as an 'art' and has said it is fair as long as a 'line' isn't crossed.[32] Indian pacer Sreesanth has said that sledging is 'part and parcel' of the game.[33] Indian bowler Irfan Pathan has said that sledging has a 'certain charm' about it also adding that it should be done 'within limits'.[34] Indian legend Sachin Tendulkar has called for sledging within 'certain limits' in his autobiography Playing It My Way.[35] Former Indian cricketer and commentator Sunil Gavaskar explains that sledging is done to 'disrupt a cricketer's concentration'.[36] Former Indian cricketer Mohammad Kaif has stated that sledging is fine but verbals must not extend to 'family'.[37]

Indian cricket captain Virat Kohli said, "We take it very well and we give it back even better."[38] Ganguly has stated that Kohli's aggression is 'two-times more' than his own.[39] Under Kohli's captaincy, players are required to have 'top fitness, high intensity and an aggressive mindset'.[40] Sachin Tendulkar has pointed out that aggression has become the strength of the Indian team under Kohli.[41] Indian Test cricketer Cheteshwar Pujara said that he makes 'a lot of noise on the field' and believes that sledging 'helps the bowlers'.[42] Indian batsman Ajinkya Rahane has compared sledging (on the cricket field) to 'car honking while driving'.[43]

Pakistan[edit]

Pakistani cricketer Imran Khan has mentioned that his players 'learnt' aggression during Pakistan's 1972-73 tour of Australia. Khan specifically mentioned Sarfaraz Nawaz among the players that 'picked up sledging' from the Australians.[44] In 1999, the Pakistan Cricket Board lodged an official complaint to its Australian counterpart over 'persistent sledging' and the use of 'highly abusive language' against Pakistani players.[45] Before Pakistan's Tour of Australia in 2004, then Pakistani captain Inzamam-ul-Haq made it clear that his players will 'give what they get' if subjected to sledging.[46] Pakistani paceman Wasim Akram has emphasised that what is said on the field should remain on the field.[47]

South Africa[edit]

South African skipper Faf Du Plessis remarked that "If showing aggression is considered a breach of conduct, we could rather have bowling machines bowl to a batsman."[35]

Sri Lanka[edit]

The Sri Lankan Cricket Team has had a reputation of avoiding verbal aggression.[48] Former Sri Lankan captain Arjuna Ranatunga called for a ban on sledging in early 2008 with particular reference to Australia's interactions with touring sides.[49] Former Sri Lankan wicketkeeper Kumar Sangakkara drew a clear distinction between aggression 'on the field' and verbal sledging, remarking that the two are different from each other.[48]

West Indies[edit]

The West Indies Cricket Team is known to have had 'feared pace attacks' during the 1980s.[50] According to West Indies great Viv Richards, sledging is an 'inevitable part' of modern-day cricket. Richards further expounds that 'racial' slurring translates to crossing the line, comparing it to 'being hit in the nuts' and asserting that it is unacceptable.[51]

Sledging incidents[edit]

Recorded incidents
Players Involved Date Match Part of Description
Allan Border and Robin Smith 10–14 August 1989 England vs Australia Australian cricket team in England in 1989 When England cricketer Robin Smith asked for a drink, Australia's Allan Border burst out: "What do you think this is, a fucking tea party? No, you can’t have a fucking glass of water, you can fucking wait like the rest of us."[52][53]
Javed Miandad and Merv Hughes 1990 Australia vs Pakistan Pakistani cricket team in Australia in 1989–90 One incident, as recalled by Merv Hughes, was when he was bowling to Pakistan batsman Javed Miandad, who informed the bowler that he was "too fat to be playing cricket" and "should be driving buses". After Hughes got Javed caught out, he intercepted him on his way back to the pavilion and said, "ticket please".[54]
Glenn McGrath and Alan Mullally 29 December 1998 Australia vs England English cricket team in Australia in 1998–99 Australian cricketer Glenn McGrath had a go at England's Alan Mullally who responded to the Australian's sledging with 'smirks and smiles'.[55]
Steve Waugh, Sourav Ganguly and Rahul Dravid 15 March 2001 India vs Australia Australian cricket team in India in 2000–01 When Indian skipper Sourav Ganguly dropped a catch off Australian batsman Steve Waugh, the latter chirped: "You just dropped the Test, mate." Shortly after tea, Waugh lost his wicket to India's Harbhajan Singh following which Indian fielder Rahul Dravid jibed and sent-off Waugh asking who gave the Test match now.[56]
Mark Waugh and Jimmy Ormond 23–27 August 2001 England vs Australia 2001 Ashes During the fifth test at the Oval, Australia's Mark Waugh jibed at England's Jimmy Ormond saying, "Look who it is. Mate, what are you doing here? There’s no way you’re good enough to play for England.” to which Ormond responded with: “Maybe not, but at least I’m the best player in my family.”[57]
Mahela Jayawardene, Sanath Jayasuriya and Herschelle Gibbs 15–19 November 2002 South Africa vs Sri Lanka Sri Lankan Cricket Team in South Africa in 2002-03 In response to 'organized' sledging by the South African cricket team in the first Test, the Sri Lankans identified five players in the South African squad to target during the second Test. As narrated by Sri Lanka's Mahela Jayawardene, South Africa's Herschelle Gibbs was in tears when he came out to bat and requested Sri Lanka's Sanath Jayasuriya to stop the sledging.[58][59]
Kumar Sangakkara and Shaun Pollock 3 March 2003 South Africa vs Sri Lanka 2003 Cricket World Cup Sri Lankan wicketkeeper Kumar Sangakkara got under the skin of South African batsman Shaun Pollock as he came out to bat during a World Cup match between South Africa and Sri Lanka. After Sangakkara built pressure on Pollock by making him aware of the gravity of the situation, the Sri Lankan finished his sledge rant with, "Forty-two million supporters right here, depending on Shaun."[60]
Glenn McGrath and Ramnaresh Sarwan 12 May 2003 West Indies Cricket Board vs Australia Australian cricket team in the West Indies in 2002–03 Glenn McGrath asked 21-year old West Indian batsman Ramnaresh Sarwan, "What does Brian Lara's dick taste like?" The West Indian responded saying, "I don't know, ask your wife."[61] This agitated McGrath whose wife was suffering from cancer at the time. McGrath then went onto say to Sarwan: "If you fucking mention my wife again, I’ll fucking rip your fucking throat out"[62]
Nasser Hussain, Muttiah Muralitharan and Kumar Sangakkara 10–14 December 2003 Sri Lanka vs England English cricket team in Sri Lanka in 2003-04 English cricketer Nasser Hussain delivered several verbals to Sri Lankan cricketer Muttiah Muralitharan during a match in the latter's hometown Kandy. When it was the Englishman's turn to bat, he was greeted by Sri Lanka's Kumar Sangakkara who jibed: "What’s it like to be hated by both teams?" This was a taunt referring to Hussain being at odds with his own teammates in addition to facing resentment from the hosts.[63]
Michael Clarke, Sachin Tendulkar and Virender Sehwag 20 December 2003 Australia 'A' vs India Border-Gavaskar Trophy 2003-04 After Australian cricketer Michael Clarke referred to Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar as 'old', Sachin's batting partner Virender Sehwag asked Clarke which dog breed he belonged to, a taunt based on his Clarke's nickname, 'Pup'.[64]
Andrew Flintoff and Tino Best 26 July 2004 England vs West Indies Cricket Board West Indian cricket team in England in 2004 As West Indian cricketer Tino Best got ready to face the forthcoming delivery, England cricketer Andrew Flintoff, who was in the slips, told Best to 'mind the windows'. The sledge worked for Flintoff as Best was stumped in an attempt to smash the ball out of the park.[57]
Darren Gough and Shane Watson 23 June 2005 England vs Australia Australian cricket team in England in 2005 After Australian cricketer Shane Watson slept on the floor of teammate Brett Lee's room at Lumley Castle in Durham following rumours of a ghost, England player Darren Gough mocked the Australian batsman the following day on the cricket field, pulling off a ghost impression and saying to Watson, "Don't worry, you can sleep in my bed tonight."[57]
André Nel and Sreesanth 17 December 2006 South Africa vs India Indian cricket team in South Africa in 2006–07 After South African bowler André Nel jibed at Indian tail-ender Sreesanth, allegedly saying, "I can smell blood. You do not have the guts.", the latter smashed the bowler for a six over his head followed by an enthusiastic jig.[65][66]
Andrew Flintoff and Yuvraj Singh 19 September 2007 India vs England 2007 World Twenty20 Abusive banter between English cricketer Andrew Flintoff and Indian cricketer Yuvraj Singh ended with the latter saying, "You see this bat in my hand. You know where I am gonna hit you with this bat?"[67] Yuvraj revealed that he was fired up after the spat following which he hit six sixes in the next over.[68]
Harbhajan Singh and Andrew Symonds December 2007- January 2008 Australia vs India Indian cricket team in Australia in 2007–08 Sledging came into the media spotlight during the 2007–08 Indian tour of Australia when Harbhajan Singh was accused of alleged racial abuse towards Andrew Symonds, who is of Jamaican ancestry and the only 'black' player in the otherwise 'all-white' Australian team.[69] Symonds was unable to state if he had heard Harbhajan use a term in his native tongue "teri maa ki" (an offensive Hindi term) which appears to be pronounced with an "n" and accepted that it was a possibility. The allegation was not proved and a proposed three-match ban on Harbhajan was lifted.[70]
Kevin Pietersen and Yuvraj Singh 21 December 2008 India vs England England cricket team in India in 2008-09 During a Test match in Mohali, England cricketer Kevin Pietersen was involved in an on-field spat with Indian cricketer Yuvraj Singh. The stump mic caught the former saying to Yuvraj: "You are not God, you are a cricketer, and I'm a better one."[71][72]
Mitchell Johnson and Scott Styris 3 March 2010 New Zealand vs Australia Australian cricket team in New Zealand in 2009–10 Australian pacer Mitchell Johnson shoulder-barged New Zealand batsman Scott Styris who hit the bowler for four runs on the next delivery. A verbal battle then occurred with Johnson deliberately brushing his head against Styris' helmet.[57] Johnson and Styris were fined 60% and 15% of their match fees respectively.[73]
Kemar Roach and Jacques Kallis 29 June 2010 West Indies Cricket Board vs South Africa South African cricket team in the West Indies in 2010 After delivering repeated bouncers at South African all-rounder Jacques Kallis, West Indian bowler Kemar Roach exchanged words with the former. As the situation got tense, umpires were forced to step in. Roach pleaded guilty to a Level 1 offence and was charged 50% of his match fees.[74]
Mitchell Johnson and James Anderson 16 December 2010 Australia vs England 2010-11 Ashes As England bowler James Anderson prepared for his run-up, Australian non-striker Mitchell Johnson remarked "Why are you chirping now mate, not getting any wickets?” Anderson responded within the next few seconds as he cleaned up Johnson's partner Ryan Harris and gestured to 'shush' Johnson.[57]
Umar Gul, Ahmed Shehzad and Balaji Rao 3 March 2011 Pakistan vs Canada 2011 Cricket World Cup Following an aggressive exchange between Pakistani bowler Umar Gul and Canadian batsman Balaji Rao, the latter lashed out with Hindi slurs after Pakistani fielder Ahmed Shehzad appeared to provoke the batsman.[75]
Michael Clarke and James Anderson 25 November 2013 Australia vs England 2013-14 Ashes During the 2013-14 Ashes, a stump microphone caught Australian captain Michael Clarke telling England's Jimmy Anderson to "get ready for a broken fucking arm" during the first Test at The Gabba. Clarke was fined 20 per cent of his match fee by the ICC for the outburst.[76]
Ahmed Shehzad and Tillakaratne Dilshan 30 August 2014 Sri Lanka vs Pakistan Pakistani cricket team in Sri Lanka in 2014 Pakistani batsman Ahmed Shehzad was caught on camera telling Sri Lankan cricketer Tillakaratne Dilshan that a non-Muslim who converts to Islam goes to heaven no matter what he does in life.[77] The Sri Lankan player's reply was not audible following which Shehzad retorted: "then be ready for the fire".[78] Pakistan Cricket Board chief Shaharayar Khan took up the issue with his disciplinary committee.[77]
Darren Bravo and Tamim Iqbal 16 September 2014 West Indies Cricket Board vs Bangladesh Bangladeshi cricket team in the West Indies in 2014 West Indies' Darren Bravo taunted Bangladeshi batsman Tamim Iqbal with the question: "Why don’t you pay the cricketers money?" poking fun at the Bangladesh Premier League for not clearing the salaries of several West Indian players who participated in the league. The Bangladeshi replied, "Don’t come to our country and beg for money" following which the umpire intervened.[79]
Shane Watson and Wahab Riaz 20 March 2015 Australia vs Pakistan 2015 Cricket World Cup When Pakistan bowler Wahab Riaz was batting at the end of the first innings, Australian all-rounder Shane Watson jibed at the Pakistani: "Is that a bat you're holding?" The Pakistani paceman settled scores with Watson in the second innings with a ferocious spell of fast bowling. During his spell, the bowler used expletives against Watson. Watson and Riaz were fined 15% and 50% of their match fees respectively.[80]
Brad Haddin, Martin Guptill and Grant Elliott 29 March 2015 Australia vs New Zealand 2015 Cricket World Cup During the 2015 World Cup Final, Australian wicketkeeper Brad Haddin was engaged in 'repeated chatter' and 'sending-off' New Zealand batsmen Martin Guptill and Grant Elliott.[81] In a later interview, Haddin said, "You know what? They deserved it." Haddin also said that during Australia's visit to New Zealand, the Kiwi players were so nice to the Australians that it made him 'uncomfortable'.[82]
Nathan Lyon and Mitchell Santner 27 November 2015 Australia vs New Zealand New Zealand Cricket Team in Australia in 2015 Australia's Nathan Lyon said to New Zealand's Mitchell Santner: "Are you nervous?" to which the New Zealander honestly replied, "Ah yeah" halting the Australian sledging.[83]
James Faulkner and Virat Kohli 17 January 2016 Australia vs India Indian cricket team in Australia in 2015–16 After Australia's James Faulkner jibed at Indian vice-captain Virat Kohli, the Indian batsman retorted saying, "You're wasting your energy. There's no point. I've smashed you enough in my life. Just go and bowl". Kohli went on to score 117 runs, registering his 24th ODI hundred.[84]
Ishant Sharma and Sabbir Rahman 13 February 2017 India vs Bangladesh Bangladeshi cricket team in India in 2016–17 Following a staring contest between Indian bowler Ishant Sharma and Bangladeshi batsman Sabbir Rahman in the 69th over, Sharma gestured the latter to 'watch the ball, play his cricket and keep shut.' In the 71st over, the Indian pacer got Rahman out leg before wicket and hurled expletives at the batsman during his animated send-off.[85]
Virat Kohli and Matt Renshaw 5 March 2017 India vs Australia Australian cricket team in India in 2016–17 Indian skipper Virat Kohli told Australian batsman Matt Renshaw to 'run off and go to the toilet', a taunt constructed around Renshaw's toilet break in the preceding Test match. Renshaw also exclaimed that it was really 'loud' when Kohli began to pump up the crowd.[86][87]
Virat Kohli, Azhar Ali and Fakhar Zaman 18 June 2017 Pakistan vs India 2017 Champions Trophy India's Virat Kohli was constantly sledging Pakistani batsmen Fakhar Zaman and Azhar Ali, saying: "Arre, ek wicket nikal jayega toh yeh saare out ho jaayenge (If we get one wicket, the rest will collapse)."[88]
James Anderson, Stuart Broad and Steve Smith 5 December 2017 Australia vs England English cricket team in Australia in 2017–18 England's James Anderson revealed that sledging against Australian captain Steve Smith worked as they got him out 'cheaply'. He went on to say that the Australian appeared to be 'more interested in chatting to me and Stuart (Broad) than focussing on his job'.[89]
Virat Kohli and Dean Elgar 7 January 2018 South Africa vs India Indian cricket team in South Africa in 2017–18 Indian skipper Virat Kohli sledged South African batsman Dean Elgar who was struggling to get bat on ball. The former's jibes included 'senior batsman?' and 'Look at him'.[90]
Shubman Gill and Pakistani fielders 30 January 2018 India vs Pakistan 2018 Under-19 Cricket World Cup India was playing Pakistan in the U-19 World Cup semi-final after defeating Bangladesh. Some Pakistani fieldsmen jibed at Indian batsman Shubman Gill, exclaiming 'yeh Bangladesh ke bowlers nahi hai (these are not Bangladeshi bowlers)' to which the Indian responded: 'hum bhi Pakistan ke batsman nahi hai (we aren't Pakistani batsmen either)'. Gill went on to score an undefeated 102 as India defeated Pakistan by 203 runs.[91]
Jason Hughes and David Warner 27 October 2018 Western Suburbs vs Randwick-Petersham NSW Premier Cricket When sledging by Suburbs' Jason Hughes towards Petersham's David Warner got personal in nature, the latter walked off the field.[92]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The origins of cricket jargon". BBC Bitesize. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  2. ^ Ubha, Ravi (13 August 2015). "Nick Kyrgios said what?! Aussie slammed, then fined, for lewd sledge". CNN.
  3. ^ BBC Sport: India board proposes sledging ban. Retrieved on 2 November 2008.
  4. ^ Waugh, Steve (30 November 2013). "In this extract from his new book, Steve Waugh explains his strategy of mental disintegration". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Our turn to be bounced!". The Age. 17 January 1977. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  6. ^ O'Reilly, Bill (16 February 1979). "Sportsmanship given a terrible hiding". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  7. ^ Rae, p.19.
  8. ^ Graham Seal, The Lingo: Listening to Australian English (University of New South Wales Press, 1999, ISBN 0-86840-680-5): page 141.
  9. ^ BBC Radio 5Live, "Yes it's the Ashes", 11 July 2009[link expired]
  10. ^ p119, Bob Willis and Patrick Murphy, Starting With Grace, A Pictorial Celebration of Cricket 1864–1986, Stanley Paul, 1986
  11. ^ pp116-117, Tom Graveney and Norman Miller, The Ten Greatest Test Teams, Sidgewick and Jackson, 1988
  12. ^ Lighter examples of sledging – BBC Sport
  13. ^ Lane, Tim (9 December 2017). "Australia's sledging culture needs to be addressed". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  14. ^ a b c "It seemed my sledging had gone too far when McMillan stormed in wielding a gun". Mail Online. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  15. ^ "David Warner sledging: Pakistan's Wasim Akram, England's Ian Bell play down Rohit Sharma incident".
  16. ^ "Ponting's insight into value of 'banter'". cricket.com.au. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  17. ^ "No need for excessive sledging - Michael Clarke and Brad Haddin". Stuff. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  18. ^ "Smith, Proteas at odds over "personal" sledging". cricket.com.au. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  19. ^ a b "Aussies never 'cross the line'". www.theaustralian.com.au. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  20. ^ "Where's the 'line' in dark art of sledging". NewsComAu. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  21. ^ "Sledging has a place in cricket, says new Australian coach Justin Langer". Stuff. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  22. ^ "Australia PM Malcolm Turnbull calls for end to sledging in cricket after ball tampering row". The National. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  23. ^ "Australia not as bad as portrayed, sledging was worse during my time: Lehmann - Daily Times". Daily Times. 3 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  24. ^ "Sledged Bangladesh become the sledgers". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  25. ^ "Escalating Ashes sledging should be censored on TV, England coach says". ABC News. 4 December 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  26. ^ "Bairstow calls for clear sledging guidelines". Sport. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  27. ^ "Calls for England to drop sledging". Otago Daily Times Online News. 21 March 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  28. ^ "India's most aggressive captain- Sourav Ganguly - QuirkyByte". QuirkyByte. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  29. ^ "Virender Sehwag backs Virat Kohli's aggressive captaincy, says sledging can be fun". Zee News. 30 August 2017. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  30. ^ "Sledging Part of the Game, Getting Personal is Not: Gautam Gambhir". News18. 22 March 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  31. ^ "Gautam Gambhir says sledge, but don't cross the boundary". Hindustan Times. 21 March 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  32. ^ Mahajan, Rohit (10 March 2008). "No slips in place". Outlook. Vol. 48 no. 10. p. 88.
  33. ^ "'Sledging is part and parcel of game' - Sreesanth". ESPN.com. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  34. ^ "Sledging within limit fine with Irfan". News18. 14 February 2008. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  35. ^ a b "Sledging in Cricket: Drawing a fine line between aggression and argument". 23 March 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  36. ^ "Bangladesh cricket team transform from cubs to tigers in art of sledging". Hindustan Times. 7 September 2017. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  37. ^ Rebello, Maleeva (13 March 2018). "Mohammad Kaif: Sledging within limits is fine, but family should be kept out". The Economic Times. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  38. ^ "'I wanted to pick up the stump and stab him'". Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  39. ^ "Why aggressive Virat Kohli 'two-times more' better than Sourav Ganguly". Hindustan Times. 14 December 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  40. ^ "Indian cricket team under Virat Kohli has a new 'culture'- fall in line or else". Hindustan Times. 1 March 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  41. ^ "Virat Kohli's aggression has become India's strength, says Sachin Tendulkar". Hindustan Times. 23 October 2017. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  42. ^ "Pujara 'learning the tricks of sledging'". cricket.com.au. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  43. ^ "India batsman Ajinkya Rahane says he's against on-field sledging; compares it to 'car honking'- Firstcricket News, Firstpost". FirstCricket. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  44. ^ Jackson, Russell (14 December 2016). "Australia and Pakistan's cricket history a rare object of mutual fascination | Russell Jackson". the Guardian. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  45. ^ "Pakistan shows concern over Aussies sledging". Cricinfo. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  46. ^ "We'll sledge you right back, warns Inzamam". ABC News. 29 November 2004. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  47. ^ "Warner-De Kock row: Pakistan great Wasim Akram says what happens on the field should stay on it - Article - Sport360". sport360.com. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  48. ^ a b "Aggression never about verbals or sledging - Sangakkara". Cricinfo. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  49. ^ "Ban all sledging: Arjuna". 28 January 2008. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  50. ^ Hancock, Nigel. "It's time for cricket to clean up its sledging excesses". The Conversation. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  51. ^ "Sledging inevitable and here to stay, says West Indies legend Viv Richards". SBS News. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  52. ^ "Greatest sledges in Ashes history". NewsComAu. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  53. ^ "Getting tough - the 1989 Ashes". Daily Telegraph.
  54. ^ "That moment when Merv Hughes asked Javed Miandad for a bus ticket". The Indian Express. 7 April 2017.
  55. ^ "McGrath given suspended fine for sledging in Test (29 December 1998)". Cricinfo. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  56. ^ "Sledging fired up India". The Tribune. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  57. ^ a b c d e "Ten memorable cricket sledges". The Independent. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  58. ^ "Herschelle Gibbs was in the tears when we sledged him: Mahela Jayawardene - CricTracker". CricTracker. 25 September 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  59. ^ "Herschelle Gibbs was in the tears when we sledged him, reveals Mahela Jayawardene - Cricket | DailyHunt". DailyHunt. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  60. ^ "Pollock gets payback on World Cup sledge". cricketnetwork.com. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  61. ^ Decent, Tom (25 November 2013). "The nastiest sledges in cricket". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  62. ^ "Rewind To 2003 - Glenn McGrath & Ramnaresh Sarwan Have An Altercation Which Quickly Turns Ugly". indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  63. ^ "Kumar Sangakkara, the dazzling, kind perfectionist Sri Lanka cricket will miss like mad - Paul Farbrace salutes the retiring hero in Wisden". The Telegraph. 14 April 2016. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  64. ^ "7 instances when Australian sledging was met with a fitting response". 18 January 2016. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  65. ^ "Sledged Sachin, slapped by Bhajji: 10 things to know about Sreesanth". Hindustan Times. 26 March 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  66. ^ "'I can smell blood' - Nel to Sreesanth". Cricinfo. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  67. ^ "Yuvraj reveals shocking words said by Flintoff during WT20 2007". Deccan Chronicle. 27 April 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  68. ^ "Yuvraj Singh Finally Reveals What Flintoff Had Said To Him Before He Hit 6 Sixes Off Broad". indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  69. ^ "Harbhajan Singh – Andrew Symonds racism hearing". Cricketcircle.com. Retrieved 2 November 2008.
  70. ^ Praverman, Frank (29 January 2008). "Harbhajan Singh cleared of making racist comments to Andrew Symonds". Timesoline. London. Retrieved 2 November 2008.
  71. ^ "Pietersen 'the world's best' - Cricket - Sport - theage.com.au". www.theage.com.au. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  72. ^ "'I might as well have been speaking to the vicar about gangsta rap'". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  73. ^ "Johnson and Styris fined for clash". Cricinfo. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
  74. ^ "Steyn and Roach fined for disciplinary run-ins". Cricinfo. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  75. ^ "Moments of the World Cup: Balaji Rao puts Canada on the sledging map, 2011". Sify. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  76. ^ Wilson, Andy (24 November 2014). "Ashes: Alastair Cook ready for 'war' after Clarke's 'broken arm' sledge". The Guardian.
  77. ^ a b "PCB chief terms Ahmed Shehzad's religious advice to Tillakaratne Dilshan as 'stupid'". The Indian Express. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  78. ^ "Religion row: 'be ready for the fire'". NewsComAu. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  79. ^ "Bravo fined over Tamim spat". Dhaka Tribune. 18 September 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  80. ^ "Shane Watson v Wahab Riaz: Aussie all-rounder fined by ICC for battle with Pakistan bowler". The Daily Telegraph.
  81. ^ "Brad Haddin sledges: Australia 'keeper says NZ batsmen deserved Cricket World Cup final barrage". The Daily Telegraph.
  82. ^ "Brad Haddin sledges Black Caps in Cricket World Cup final for being too nice". Stuff. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  83. ^ "How to silence a sledger 101". NewsComAu. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  84. ^ Lian, Jotham (18 January 2016). "Australia v India: Virat Kohli's perfect response to James Faulkner sledge". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  85. ^ "India vs Bangladesh Test 2017: Ishant Sharma's animated send-off to Sabbir Rahman is viral, watch video". The Indian Express. 13 February 2017. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  86. ^ "Renshaw laughs off Kohli's sledges". cricket.com.au. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  87. ^ "Another toilet break, mate? Virat Kohli winds up Matt Renshaw - Article - Sport360". sport360.com. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  88. ^ "Fakhar Zaman reveals how Virat Kohli and Jasprit Bumrah sledged him". 8 July 2017. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  89. ^ "Sledging worked against Steve Smith - Anderson". Cricbuzz. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  90. ^ "The best comments of Virat Kohli caught on stump mic". 5 February 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  91. ^ Staff, CricketCountry (8 April 2018). "How Shubman Gill silenced Pakistan fielders in a sledge battle during his knock in ICC Under-19 World Cup 2018". Cricket Country. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  92. ^ "David Warner leaves field over sledging - before returning to hit a century". The National. Retrieved 28 November 2018.

External links[edit]