Sleepy Hollow, New York

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Sleepy Hollow, New York
Village
The Old Dutch Church in 1907
The Old Dutch Church in 1907
Location of Sleepy Hollow, New York
Location of Sleepy Hollow, New York
Coordinates: 41°5′31″N 73°51′52″W / 41.09194°N 73.86444°W / 41.09194; -73.86444Coordinates: 41°5′31″N 73°51′52″W / 41.09194°N 73.86444°W / 41.09194; -73.86444
Country United States
State New York
County Westchester
Area
 • Total 5.1 sq mi (13.2 km2)
 • Land 2.3 sq mi (5.9 km2)
 • Water 2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2)
Elevation 89 ft (27 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 9,870
 • Density 1,900/sq mi (750/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 10591
Area code(s) 914
FIPS code 36-67638
GNIS feature ID 0958934

Sleepy Hollow is a village in the town of Mount Pleasant in Westchester County, New York. The village is located on the east bank of the Hudson River, about 30 miles (48 km) north of New York City, and is served by the Philipse Manor stop on the Metro-North Hudson Line.

The village is known as the setting of "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow", a short story featuring the Headless Horseman by Washington Irving, who lived in neighboring Tarrytown and is buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery. Originally incorporated as North Tarrytown in the late 19th century, in 1996 the village officially adopted the traditional name for the area, known to many via "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow".[1] To the south of Sleepy Hollow is the village of Tarrytown, and to the north and east are unincorporated parts of Mount Pleasant. The population of the village at the 2010 census was 9,870.[2]

The village is home to the Philipsburg Manor House and the Old Dutch Church of Sleepy Hollow, as well as the Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, where Washington Irving, Andrew Carnegie, Walter P. Chrysler, Brooke Astor, Elizabeth Arden, Thomas J. Watson of IBM, Samuel Gompers, and many others are buried.

History[edit]

Philipsburg Manor House at the Upper Mills

The land that would become Sleepy Hollow was first bought from Adriaen van der Donck, a patroon in New Netherland before the English takeover in 1664. Starting in 1672 Frederick Philipse began acquiring large parcels of land mainly in today's southern Westchester County. Comprising some 52,000 acres (81 sq mi) of land, it was bounded by the Spuyten Duyvil Creek, the Croton River, the Hudson River, and the Bronx River. Philipse was granted a royal charter in 1693, creating the Manor of Philipsburg and establishing him as first lord.[3]

In today's Sleepy Hollow he established an upper mill and shipping depot, today part of the Philipse Manor House historic site. A pious man, he was architect and financier of the town's Old Dutch Church, said also to have built the pulpit with his own hands.[4]

When Philipse died in 1702, the manor was divided between his son, Adolphus Philipse, and his grandson, Frederick Philipse II. Adolph received the Upper Mills property, which extended from Dobbs Ferry to the Croton River. Frederick II was given the Lower Mills at the confluence of the Saw Mill and Hudson Rivers, the two parcels being reunited on his uncle's death. His son, Frederick III, became the third lord of the manor in 1751.[5]

In 1779, Frederick Philipse III, a Loyalist, was attainted for treason, The manor was confiscated and sold at public auction, ending split between 287 buyers. The largest tract of land (about 750 acres (300 ha)) was at the Upper Mills; it passed to numerous owners until 1951, when it was acquired by Sleepy Hollow Restorations. Thanks to the philanthropy of John D. Rockefeller Jr., about 20 acres (8.1 ha) were restored as today's historic site.[5]

Geography[edit]

Sleepy Hollow is located at 41°5′31″N 73°51′52″W / 41.09194°N 73.86444°W / 41.09194; -73.86444 (41.091998, −73.864361).[6] According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 5.1 square miles (13 km2), of which 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2), or 55.58%, is water.[7]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2010, there were 9,870 people, 3,181 households, and 2,239 families residing in the village. The population density was 4,054.7 people per square mile (1,566.9/km²). There were 3,253 housing units at an average density of 1,431.8 per square mile (553.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 61.01% Caucasian, 6.21% African American, 0.83% Native American, 3.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 23.47% from other races, and 5.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 51.04% of the population, many of whom are Ecuadorian, Dominican, Chilean, and Puerto Rican.

There were 3,181 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.37.

In the village the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 36.7% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $54,201, and the median income for a family was $63,889. Males had a median income of $39,923 versus $32,146 for females. The per capita income for the village was $28,325. About 5.7% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable landmarks[edit]

The Edward Harden Mansion, Patriot's Park, Philipse Manor Railroad Station, Sleepy Hollow Cemetery and Tarrytown Light are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Old Dutch Church of Sleepy Hollow and Philipsburg Manor House are listed as National Historic Landmarks.[9] Also of note are Rockefeller State Park Preserve, Kingsland Point Park and Philipse Manor Beach Club.

Emergency services[edit]

As of 2014 the village's police department had twenty seven officers, three civilians employees and four school crossing guards.[10] The village is also served by the New York State Police and Westchester County Department of Public Safety.[11] Police officers from the villages of Sleepy Hollow and Dobbs Ferry, the town of Greenburgh and the New York State Police make up a Marine / H.E.A.T. Unit.[12] As of 2006 police base salaries were low compared to other Westchester County forces, in part due to the lower tax base.[13]

One of the three fire engines during a parade in nearby Pleasantville

The Sleepy Hollow Fire Patrol, now the Sleepy Hollow Fire Department, was organized in 1876 and within twenty five years had grown to five companies in three fire stations. As of 2012 there were three engines, one tower ladder and two boats, as well as other equipment. The fire department is run by volunteers and responds to over three hundred calls each year.[14]

Emergency medical services in Sleepy Hollow depend on volunteers assisted by paid staff. The Ambulance Corps has two basic life support ambulances. Mount Pleasant Paramedics provides advanced life support.[15]

Popular culture[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Berger, Joseph (December 11, 1996). "North Tarrytown Votes to Pursue Its Future as Sleepy Hollow". The New York Times. Retrieved November 18, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Sleepy Hollow village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 18, 2011. 
  3. ^ Eisenstadt, Peter (2005). "New York State: An Introduction". Encyclopedia of the State of New York (First ed.). Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press. p. 1199. ISBN 0-8156-0808-X. 
  4. ^ Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Famous Americans: Biography of Frederick Philipse: "...He worked at the carpenter's trade for several years, aided in building the Old Dutch church, and is said to have made the pulpit with his own hands.
  5. ^ a b Maika, Dennis J. (2005). "Philipsburg Manor". In Peter Eisenstadt. Encyclopedia of the State of New York (First ed.). Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press. p. 1199. ISBN 0-8156-0808-X. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ http://censusviewer.com/city/NY/Sleepy%20Hollow
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  10. ^ "Police Department". Village of Sleepy Hollow. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  11. ^ "Sleepy Hollow Village Court". Law Office of Jared Altman. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  12. ^ "Special Operations Unit". Greenburgh Police Department. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  13. ^ Robert Bonvento (2006-07-28). "What's Fair and What's Enough..., Negotiating A New Police Contract". River Journal. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  14. ^ Janie Rosman (2012-07-07). "Sleepy Hollow Firefighters Well Equipped to Protect Village". The Hudson Independent. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  15. ^ "Ambulance Corp". Village of Sleepy Hollow. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  16. ^ JessicaVerday.com

External links[edit]