Sleman Regency

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Sleman Regency
Kabupaten Sleman
Official seal of Sleman Regency
Sleman Regency in the Special Region of Yogyakarta
Sleman Regency in the Special Region of Yogyakarta
Coordinates: 7°41′24.8881″S 110°20′31.1510″E / 7.690246694°S 110.341986389°E / -7.690246694; 110.341986389Coordinates: 7°41′24.8881″S 110°20′31.1510″E / 7.690246694°S 110.341986389°E / -7.690246694; 110.341986389
Special Administrive RegionYogyakarta
Incorporated8 August 1950 [1]
 • RegentKustini Sri Purnomo [3]
 • Total574.82 km2 (221.94 sq mi)
 (2020 Census)[4]
 • Total1,125,804
 • Density2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (WIB)
Post Code
55500, 55200
Area code+62 274
Vehicle registrationAB
Regency birdOrange-headed thrush[5]
Regency plantSalak pondoh[6]

Sleman Regency (Indonesian pronunciation: [səˈleman]) is an Indonesian regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten) on the island of Java. It is located in the north of the Yogyakarta Special Administrative Region, Indonesia, and has an area of 574.82 square kilometres (221.94 sq mi),[7] with a population of 1,093,110 at the 2010 Census[8] and 1,125,804 at the 2020 Census.[4] Its capital is the town of Sleman. The current regent is Kustini Sri Purnomo.



During the 8th century, the Buddhist Sailendra dynasty controlled Sleman, building numerous temples such as Kalasan.[9] The palace itself was at Ratu Boko.[10]

After the fall of the Sailendra dynasty, the Mataram Kingdom ruled over Sleman, taking control of Ratu Boko palace and eventually commingling with the remnants of the Sailendra dynasty.[10]

The Sanjaya dynasty, which replaced the Mataram kingdom, later ruled over Sleman and is believed to have built Prambanan c. 850 CE.[11]


Sleman was incorporated on 8 August 1950 with the passing of the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 15 1950 about the Creation of Regencies within the Special Region of Yogyakarta.

Destroyed house in Cangkringan District after the 2010 eruptions of Mount Merapi.

In 2010, numerous eruptions of Mount Merapi and the cold lahar floods afterwards killed 353 people[12] and caused over Rp. 5.5 trillion (US$ 610 million) in damages.[13]


A map of Sleman, in Indonesian.

Sleman Regency is located in the north of Yogyakarta Special Region, between the city of Yogyakarta to the south, and the Magelang Regency and Klaten Regency (of Central Java Province) to the northwest and northeast respectively. The northern part is roughly triangular, sloping downhill from Mount Merapi at the northern apex, and is bordered by Central Java Province to the west, north and east. The southern part is dominated by the suburbs of the city of Yogyakarta, notably the densely-populated districts of Gamping, Mlati and Depok, and is bordered by the remaining three regencies of the Special Region - Kulon Progo, Bantul, and Gunung Kidul, as well as Yogyakarta to the south.

Administrative districts[edit]

Sleman Regency is divided into seventeen administrative districts (kapanewon), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[8] and the 2020 Census.[14] The table also includes the location of the district administrative centres, the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district and its post code.

Name Area
Moyudan 27.62 30,883 33,514 Sumber Agung 4 55563
Minggir 27.27 29,263 32,110 Sendangagung 5 55562
Seyegan 26.63 45,049 51,231 Margomulyo 5 55561
Godean 26.84 65,890 72,255 Sidoagung 7 55564
Gamping 29.25 96,720 103,192 Ambarketawang 5 55291-55292
Mlati 28.52 101,031 100,524 Tlogoadi 5 55284-55288
Depok 35.55 181,490 131,005 Caturtunggal 3 55281-55283
Berbah 22.99 50,787 59,004 Tegaltirto 4 55573
Prambanan 41.35 46,857 53,113 Bokoharjo 6 55572
Kalasan 35.84 76,158 86,163 Tirtomartani 4 55571
Ngemplak 35.71 58,950 67,555 Widodomartani 5 55584
Ngaglik 38.52 101,887 105,612 Sardonoharjo 6 55581
Sleman (district) 31.32 62,762 71,888 Triharjo 5 55511-55515
Tempel 32.49 49,312 53,628 Lumbungerjo 8 55552
Turi 43.09 33,101 36,559 Wonokerto 4 55551
Pakem 43.84 34,669 37,320 Pakembinangun 5 55582
Cangkringan 47.99 28,201 31,131 Argomulyo 5 55583
Totals 574.82 1,093,110 1,125,804 Sleman 86


Sleman Regency features a tropical monsoon climate, with a lengthy wet season generally running from October until June and a short dry season that only covers the months of July, August and September. The Regency averages roughly 2200 mm of precipitation annually. Sleman experiences particularly heavy rainfall from November through April. Temperatures remain relatively constant throughout the course of the year, with average high temperatures at around 30 degrees Celsius and average lows at around 22 degrees Celsius. There is slight variation within Sleman Regency. The northern areas, near Mount Merapi, are much cooler due to the higher altitude. The southern area has nearly the same climate as Yogyakarta, due to their proximity.

Climate data for Sleman [15][16]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
Average low °C (°F) 22
Average precipitation mm (inches) 350


Sleman Regency is heavily agrarian. However, due to the expansion of Yogyakarta there are some areas that have been substantially urbanized,[17] with malls, hotels, and supermarkets being built. Tourism is also being developed to take advantage of the numerous temples found in Sleman Regency, as well as Mount Merapi.[18]


Due to ashfall from Mount Merapi and easy irrigation, the land in Sleman Regency is very fertile. The soil is thick, with a favourable moisture capacity level. As such, rice yields are considerably high.[17] The area is also well known for its production of salak pondoh, which is also its official plant.[6]


There are 29 universities that have campuses in Sleman Regency,[17] including Sanata Dharma University, Atma Jaya University, Islamic University of Indonesia, Yogyakarta State University and Sunan Kalijaga Islamic University.

Sleman is the home of the first established state university in Indonesia, the Gadjah Mada University.

Health facilities[edit]

Hospitals in Sleman Regency include:

  • Dr. Sardjito General Public Hospital (state-owned, considered the largest hospital in Special Region of Yogyakarta)
  • Gadjah Mada University Hospital
  • JIH Hospital
  • Sleman Regional Public Hospital, and others.


Prambanan, one of the most famous temples Indonesia, is located in Sleman

Sleman Regency is home to many temples, including Prambanan,[11] Sari,[19] Kalasan,[9] and Ijo.[20] As well as temples, there are ruins of an ancient palace, namely Ratu Boko.[10] These temples and ruins, thought to be remnants of the Buddhist Sailendra dynasty and the Hindu Mataram kingdom,[10] are all open to the public. However, Prambanan is the most popular for tourism, drawing thousands of local and foreign tourists each year.[21]

Sleman Regency also has a number of tourist villages including Brayut and others.[22][23]

Due in part to the scenic view at the foot of Mount Merapi, ecotourism has become common in Sleman Regency. One of the most common destinations is Kaliurang, a resort town located in the Pakem District.[24]

Sleman Regency includes the Adisucipto International Airport within its boundaries. There are numerous hotels in the regency, ranging from small homestays and inns to multi-star hotels. The higher-end, multi-star hotels are located mainly near the road between Yogyakarta and Surakarta, with homestays and inns scattered throughout the regency.

Monumen Jogja Kembali, also known as Monjali

Sleman is home to several museums including:

  • Monumen Jogja Kembali (Monument to the Recapture of Yogyakarta), known colloquially as Monjali), which is dedicated to the Indonesian National Revolution and located in the Ngaglik District.[25]
  • Affandi Museum, located in Depok District, which is the former home of and hosts many works of famous Indonesian painter Affandi.[26]
  • Merapi Museum, which hosts exhibits pertaining to volcanology as a whole and Merapi in particular and is located within Pakem District.[27]
  • Museum Dirgantara Mandala, located within the Indonesian Air Force base near the airport. Exhibits include the history of the Indonesian Air Force as well as numerous planes, rockets, helicopters, and other military equipment.[28]

After the 2010 eruptions of Mount Merapi, the areas affected have become disaster tourist attractions.[29] Tourists come from around Indonesia to see the disaster area, either for leisure, to pay their respects, or reflection.[30]

Luxury hotel Royal Ambarrukmo is located in Sleman.


  1. ^ Established by Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 15 1950 about the Creation of Regencies within the Special Region of Yogyakarta
  2. ^ Map of the various kecamatan of Sleman. Retrieved on 8 February 2011.
  3. ^ Official Web Profile of the Sleman Regent Archived 2010-09-27 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 8 February 2011. (in Indonesian)
  4. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. ^ Official government website on the regency bird. Retrieved 8 February 2011. (in Indonesian)
  6. ^ a b Official government website on the regency plant. Retrieved 8 February 2011. (in Indonesian)
  7. ^ Location and Area of the Regency. Retrieved 8 February 2011. (in Indonesian)
  8. ^ a b Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  9. ^ a b National Library of Indonesia. Kalasan Temple Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
  10. ^ a b c d National Library of Indonesia. Ratubaka Temple Archived 2011-03-25 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
  11. ^ a b National Library of Indonesia. Prambanan Temple Archived 2011-03-26 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
  12. ^ "Indonesia Downgrades Mount Merapi's Danger Level" Archived 2010-12-04 at the Wayback Machine. The Jakarta Globe. 2 December 2011. Retrieved on 8 February 2011.
  13. ^ "Bill From Merapi’s Wrath Rp 7.4t – and Climbing" Archived 2011-03-05 at the Wayback Machine. The Jakarta Globe. 6 February 2011. Retrieved on 8 February 2011.
  14. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
  15. ^ Numbers are from southern Sleman, northern Sleman tends to be up to 7 °C (13 °F) cooler
  16. ^ Weatherbase data for Yogyakarta city, directly to the south of Sleman. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  17. ^ a b c United Nations Centre for Regional Development, Executive Summary ITC Follow-up Projects in Indonesia (PDF), retrieved 2011-02-08
  18. ^ Oxford Business Group. "Economic Update: Transparency in Sleman" 8 March 2006. Retrieved on 9 February 2011.
  19. ^ National Library of Indonesia Sari Temple Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
  20. ^ National Library of Indonesia. Ijo Temple Archived 2011-03-26 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
  21. ^ Made Arya Kencana. "Borobudur, Prambanan Temples Praying for Bali Tourism Boost" Archived 2012-09-20 at the Wayback Machine. The Jakarta Globe. 16 October 2010. Retrieved on 9 February 2011.
  22. ^ (12 February 2014). Yogyakarta intensifies village tourism promotion, Antara (news agency)
  23. ^ (3 January 2004). Sleman, home of a thousands tourist villages, The Jakarta Post
  24. ^ R. Syah. "Kaliurang – Tour a la Madam and Meneer". Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  25. ^ R. Syah. "Monumen Jogja Kembali (Monjali) – The Track of Six-Hours Occurrence in Yogyakarta". Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  26. ^ Yunanto Wiji Utomo. "Affandi Museum, Visiting the Palace of a Maestro". Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  27. ^ Sparks Fly at Volcanology Museum Archived 2010-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. The Jakarta Globe. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  28. ^ "Menilik Perjalanan Perjuangan TNI AU" Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine. Kompas. 30 March 2008. Retrieved on 8 February 2010. (in Indonesian)
  29. ^ "After Eruption, Indonesia Turns to Disaster Tourism". Archived 2010-12-19 at the Wayback Machine The Jakarta Globe. 16 December 2010. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  30. ^ "Indonesian disasters draw tourist dollars". Archived 2011-02-10 at the Wayback Machine Agence France-Presse, reprinted in the Jakarta Globe. 7 February 2011. Retrieved on 8 February 2011.

External links[edit]