Slezská Ostrava

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Town hall of Slezská Ostrava

Slezská Ostrava (Polish: Śląska Ostrawa, lit. Silesian Ostrava), till 1919 Polnisch Ostrau (Czech: Polská Ostrava, Polish: Polska Ostrawa, lit. Polish Ostrava) is a district of the city of Ostrava, Moravian-Silesian Region in the Czech Republic. It lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia, not counting Koblov and Antošovice lying north-west from the Oder river in the Hlučín Region.

It comprises historical city of Slezská Ostrava as well as market town of Hrušov and villages Antošovice, Heřmanice, Koblov, Kunčice, Kunčičky and Muglinov.

History[edit]

Ostrava was first mentioned in the document of Pope Gregory IX issued for Benedictine abbey in Tyniec in 1229 as Ostrawa.[1] Politically it belonged then to the Duchy of Opole and Racibórz, however it lay on the river Ostravice along which a border between the Silesia and Morava was first regulated in 1261.[2] After founding the town of Moravská Ostrava between 1268 and 1278 on Moravian side, the village left on the Silesian side was called in contrary Slavic and later Polish.[3] Since 1290 it belonged to the Duchy of Teschen, which in 1327 became a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, wchich after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy.

The village became a seat of a Catholic parish, mentioned in the register of Peter's Pence payment from 1447 among 50 parishes of Teschen deaconry as Ostravia.[4] After 1540s Protestant Reformation prevailed in the Duchy of Teschen and a local Catholic church was taken over by Lutherans. It was taken from them (as one from around fifty buildings in the region) by a special commission and given back to the Roman Catholic Church on 26 March 1654.[5]

The settlement of Polská Ostrava gained market town rights in 1879. In 1911-1913 a town hall have been built. In 1919 it became a part of Czechoslovakia and in November of that year it was renamed to Slezská Ostrava. On 17 September 1920 it gained city rights.

According to the Austrian census of 1910 Polnisch Ostrau had 22,892 inhabitants, 22,693 of whom had permanent residence there. Census asked people for their native language, 1,296 (5.7%) were German-speaking, 16,927 (74.6%) were Czech-speaking and 4,467 (19.7%) were Polish-speaking. Jews were not allowed to declare Yiddish, most of them thus declared the German language as their native. Most populous religious groups were Roman Catholics with 21,604 (94.4%), followed by Protestants with 933 (4%) and the Jews with 290 (1.3%).[6]

Coats-of-arms of the district's parts[edit]

Antošovice CoA.svg
Antošovice
Heřmanice CoA.svg
Heřmanice
Hrušov CoA.svg
Hrušov
Koblov CoA.svg
Koblov
Kunčice CoA.svg
Kunčice
Kunčičky CoA.svg
Kunčičky
Muglinov CoA.svg
Muglinov
Slezská Ostrava CoA.svg
Slezská Ostrava

References[edit]

  1. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 286. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  2. ^ I. Panic, 2010, p. 50
  3. ^ Alois Adamus, Z dějin Slezské Ostravy, 1920, Ostrava
  4. ^ "Registrum denarii sancti Petri in archidiaconatu Opoliensi sub anno domini MCCCCXLVII per dominum Nicolaum Wolff decretorum doctorem, archidiaconum Opoliensem, ex commissione reverendi in Christo patris ac domini Conradi episcopi Wratislaviensis, sedis apostolice collectoris, collecti". Zeitschrift des Vereins für Geschichte und Alterthum Schlesiens (in German). Breslau: H. Markgraf. 27: 361–372. 1893. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  5. ^ Broda, Jan (1992). "Materiały do dziejów Kościoła ewangelickiego w Księstwie Cieszyńskim i Państwie Pszczyńskim w XVI i XVII wieku". Z historii Kościoła ewangelickiego na Śląsku Cieszyńskim (in Polish). Katowice: Dom Wydawniczy i Księgarski „Didache“. pp. 259–260. ISBN 83-85572-00-7. 
  6. ^ Ludwig Patryn (ed): Die Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1910 in Schlesien, Troppau 1912.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°50′14″N 18°17′54″E / 49.83722°N 18.29833°E / 49.83722; 18.29833