Slick Rick performing at the 2009 Fresh Fest concert in Los Angeles, California
|Birth name||Richard Martin Lloyd Walters|
January 14, 1965 |
Mitcham, London, England
|Origin||The Bronx, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|Occupation(s)||Rapper, record producer|
|Labels||Def Jam, Columbia, CBS, PolyGram, Universal|
|Associated acts||Doug E. Fresh, Nas, Snoop Dogg, Dana Dane, Outkast, Aaliyah|
Richard Martin Lloyd Walters (born January 14, 1965; better known as Slick Rick, Rick The Ruler and MC Ricky D) is a British-born American rapper. He has released four albums: The Great Adventures of Slick Rick (1988), The Ruler's Back (1991), Behind Bars (1994) and The Art of Storytelling (1999). His music has been sampled and interpolated over 600 times, in over 35 songs by artists including Beyoncé, The Beastie Boys, TLC, Nas, Miley Cyrus, Kanye West, Black Star, The Notorious B.I.G., Snoop Dogg, MC Ren, and Color Me Badd. In the process, Walters has become the most-sampled hip-hop artist ever. Many of the new songs became hit singles. He's been a VH-1 Hip Hop Honors honoree, and About.com ranked him No. 12 on their list of the Top 50 MCs of Our Time, while The Source ranked him No. 15 on their list of the Top 50 Lyricists of All Time. He has acted and cameoed in 10 movies and videos.
Walters was born and raised in the southwest London district of Mitcham, to an English-Jamaican family. He was blinded in the right eye by broken glass as an infant. In 1976, he and his family emigrated to the United States, settling in Baychester Area in The Bronx. At Fiorello H. Laguardia High School of Music & Art, where he majored in visual art, Rick met Dana Dane. The pair became close friends and formed The Kangol Crew, performing at school contests, parks and local hole-in-the-wall clubs.
At a 1984 talent showcase he entered, Rick met Doug E. Fresh. Impressed by Rick's talent, Doug made him a member of his Get Fresh Crew (which also included DJs Chill Will and Barry Bee). Doug's beatbox and Rick's fresh flow turned "The Show"/"La Di Da Di" into an international anthem that turned rap music on its head, according to AllMusic's Steve Huey, and became the launching pad for "Hip Hop's greatest storyteller."
His career began in late 1985; Walters first gained success in the rap industry after joining Doug E. Fresh's Get Fresh Crew, using the stage name MC Ricky D. He was featured on the single "The Show" and its even more popular B-side, "La Di Da Di", which featured Walters' rapping over Doug E. Fresh's beatbox. Both tracks gained some mainstream attention, they appeared on Top of the Pops and Soul Train with the Get Fresh Crew. Reflecting on the double-sided gem in Rolling Stone magazine, Roots drummer and Tonight Show bandleader Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson said, "Point blank: Slick Rick's voice was the most beautiful thing to happen to hip-hop culture [...] Rick is full of punchlines, wit, melody, cool cadence, confidence and style. He is the blueprint."
In 1986, Slick Rick joined Russell Simmons' Rush Artist Management and became the third artist signed to Def Jam Records, the leading rap/hip-hop label at the time. Collaborating with his friend, DJ Vance Wright, Walters produced his solo debut, The Great Adventures of Slick Rick, which came out in 1988 on Def Jam. The album was very successful, reaching the No. 1 spot on Billboard's R&B/Hip-Hop chart. It also featured three charting singles: "Children's Story", "Hey Young World", and "Teenage Love". The release is known for its storytelling and vocal characterizations. "With the combination of Rick's Dick Van Dyke-on-dope accent and his unique narrative style, the record was an instant classic," wrote critic Matt Weiner. "Each of Rick's songs was an amusing, enthralling story that lasted from the first groove to the last."
Incarceration and subsequent albums
In 1989, Walters' mother, Veronica, hired his first cousin, Mark Plummer, as his bodyguard. By 1990, Plummer had become a liability, having tried numerous times to extort money from the artist. Plummer was fired and, unsatisfied with his severance package, tried to rob Walters on numerous occasions and also threatened to kill the rapper and his mother. When Walters found bullet holes in his front door, he bought guns for protection. On July 3, 1990, Walters spotted Plummer in his neighborhood, and fired at least four shots. One bullet hit Plummer; another caught a passerby in the foot. Neither suffered life-threatening injuries.
He eventually plead guilty to two counts of attempted murder and other charges, including assault, use of a firearm, and criminal possession of a weapon. The rapper called it an act of self-defense. He spent five years in prison, two for the then-second-degree attempted-murder charges he received for the shooting, and three for his struggle with the Immigration and Naturalization Services over his residency in the U.S. He was released from prison in 1997.
After being bailed out by Russell Simmons, Walters recorded his second album, The Ruler's Back, released in 1991. Despite peaking at No. 29 on the Billboard 100, the album received mixed reviews and wasn't as commercially successful as his debut. In the documentary film, The Show, Russell Simmons interviewed Walters while he was imprisoned on Rikers Island.
Walters' third studio album (the fourth for Def Jam) Behind Bars was released in 1994, while he was still incarcerated. It was met with lukewarm sales and reviews. Behind Bars peaked at No. 11 on the Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, and No. 51 on the Billboard 200.
Walters remained with the Def Jam label, and on May 25, 1999, released a fourth album, The Art of Storytelling. Generally considered the authentic follow-up to his 1988 debut, The Art of Storytelling was an artistically successful comeback-album that paired him with prolific MCs like Nas, OutKast, Raekwon, and Snoop Dogg. The Los Angeles Times announced it as the "triumphant return of rap's premier yarn-spinner," calling the song "2 Way Street" "a much-needed alternative to rap's misogynistic slant." It charted higher than any of Slick Rick's prior releases: No. 8 on the Billboard 200; No. 1 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart.
After performing on a Caribbean cruise ship in June 2001, Walters was arrested by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) as he re-entered the United States through Florida. He was promptly told that he was being deported under a law allowing deportation of foreigners convicted of felonies. Rick was continuously refused bail, but after 17 months in prison he was released on November 7, 2003. In October 2006, the Department of Homeland Security began a new attempt to deport Walters back to the United Kingdom, moving the case from the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit based in New York to the more conservative Eleventh Circuit. The court is based in Atlanta, Georgia but the trial was expected to proceed in Florida, where immigration agents originally arrested Walters.
On May 23, 2008, New York Governor David Paterson granted Slick Rick a full and unconditional pardon on the attempted murder charges. The governor was pleased with his behavior since the attempted murders. Slick Rick has volunteered his time to mentor kids about violence.
Later career and life
Walters married his wife Mandy Aragones in April 1997, four years after the couple met at a Manhattan nightclub. The performer has two children, Ricky Martin Lloyd Santiago and Lateisha Walters, from a previous relationship. He and his wife have donated about a dozen items from his collection to the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.
In addition, Rick recently was a Mixx Cares Humanitarian Award recipient.
On April 15, 2016, Rick was granted U.S. citizenship, remarking, "I am so proud of this moment—and so honored to finally become an American citizen."  He will also retain his British citizenship.
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Slick Rick's songs, especially his best-known songs "La Di Da Di" and "Children's Story", have been covered, referenced and sampled by numerous rappers. "La Di Da Di" was covered nearly word-for-word by Snoop Dogg on his 1993 album, Doggystyle. It has also been sampled and interpolated on numerous other songs, including as the chorus of the Notorious B.I.G. hit "Hypnotize". Snoop Dogg essentially covered Slick Rick again on his second album Tha Doggfather with the song "Sixx Minutes" which borrows heavily from the song "The Show".
"Children's Story" has been covered by rapper Everlast on his album Eat at Whitey's, by MC duo Black Star on their 1998 album Mos Def and Talib Kweli are Black Star, by Tricky on the album Nearly God with the rap performed by Martina Topley-Bird, and by Israeli rapper Sagol 59 on the album The Two Sides of Sagol 59. Rapper The Game recorded a similar song, "Compton Story". The song has also been referenced and interpolated by numerous artists, including Montell Jordan for his 1995 hit, "This Is How We Do It".
On October 6, 2008, Rick was honored on the VH1 Hip Hop Honors show.
Slick Rick's style is commended by music critics. Music journalist Peter Shapiro wrote, " 'Children's Story' was important because of its narrative structure and Rick's understanding of how crucial little sonic details—such as his use of a female voice and his yawning rap—were to hip hop style."
He is largely known for his story raps, such as "Children's Story" and "La Di Da Di". Shapiro writes that he "largely introduced the art of narrative into hip hop... none of the spinners of picaresque rhymes who followed did it with the same grace or humor." AllMusic states that he has the "reputation as hip hop's greatest storyteller." In the book Check the Technique, Slick Rick says, "I was never the type to say freestyle raps, I usually tell a story, and to do that well I've always had to work things out beforehand." Kool Moe Dee comments, "Slick Rick raised the lost art of hip hop storytelling to a level never seen again." Devin the Dude notes that Slick Rick's "Indian Girl" is a good example of the type of humor that existed in hip hop's golden era, and Peter Shapiro says that "he was funnier than Rudy Ray Moore or Redd Foxx."
Slick Rick uses very clear enunciation and raps with the "Queen's English". O.C. states: "The Great Adventures of Slick Rick is one of the greatest albums ever... the stuff he was just saying on there, it was so clear.. the [clear] syllable dude was Slick Rick for me". He is also renowned for his unique "smooth, British-tinged flow" which contains distinct structures. In the book How to Rap, it is noted that on the song "I Own America", he "puts a rest on almost every other 1-beat so that each set of two lines begins with a rest." Kool Moe Dee stated that, "Rick accomplished being totally original at a time when most MCs were using very similar cadences." He has what is described as "singsong cadences"; Andy Cat of Ugly Duckling mentions that Slick Rick uses a melodic delivery on the track "Hey Young World". Slick Rick is also known to extensively use punch ins, especially in his story rhymes as different characters; Kool Moe Dee says Rick used "multi-voices to portray multiple characters."
References in popular culture
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Slick Rick has been referenced in numerous songs:
- Jay Z in the song "F.U.T.W" He raps, "Teacher Teacher I'm trying to un-teach ya"
- 2Pac references Slick Rick in his song "Old School": "...When Slick Rick was spittin La-Di-Da-Di..."
- In the Big Sean song "Mula" when French Montana says: "ain't nothing more important than the mula / diamond rings, hundred chains, slick rick the rula!"
- In the D12 video from their mixtape, Return of the Dozen Volume 2, where Bizarre raps in the track "Outro": "...patch on my eye, I'm the new Slick Rick".
- In the Redman song "Tonight's da Night": "... more slicker than my man Rick..."
- In the Insane Clown Posse song Kickin' Kickin', Violent J raps: "Knock an eyeball out, like you Slick Rick"
- In the KRS-One song "Splash": "...the first time you learned to spit, it was either me, Kane, Rakim or Slick Rick."
- In the Keri Hilson song Knock You Down, Kanye West raps: "Hey young world, I'm the new Slick Rick/They say I move too quick..."
- In the Amy Winehouse song "Me and Mr Jones", Winehouse sings: "You made me miss the Slick Rick gig..."
- In the R.A. the Rugged Man song "Supa", R.A. raps: "...specifically wordplay slick tricky, I'm slicker than Slick Ricky,"in On The Block " Remember Slick Rick Tha Rula?/Remember MC Shan used to wear Puma," and "With your wrinkled pussy I can't be your lover."
- In the Kanye West song "Touch the Sky" Kanye West raps: "Back when Slick Rick got the shit to pop"
- In the dan le sac Vs Scroobius Pip song "Development" Pip raps "KRS is my teacher, Slick Rick's my ruler, Chuck D's my preacher, I'm just a pre-schooler".
- In the Lauryn Hill song "Every Ghetto, Every City", Hill sings "Back when Doug Fresh and Slick Rick were together"
- In the Wyclef Jean song "Industry," Wyclef raps: "Imagine Slick Rick not gettin deported"
- In the CunninLynguists song "Old School" Deacon the Villain raps: "Before [...] Slick Rick had hisù rings"
- In the Gorillaz, Andre 3000, & James Murphy song "DoYaThing" where Andre repeats: "...Is you really Slick Rick? No, you Dana Dane."
- In the Clipse song Grindin', Pusha T Raps "With one eye closed I hit you/As if I was Slick Rick my aim is still at issue."
- In the Lil Wayne song "My Homies Still", Lil Wayne raps "...and before I fuck this bitch, I gotta put that patch over my third eye, Slick Rick."
- In the Lil Ugly Mane song "Slick Rick", Lil Ugly Mane raps "...Slick Rick said treat 'em like a prostitute"
- In The Roots song "Mellow My Man", Black Thought raps "... La Di Da Di, who likes to party, like Slick Rick the Ruler I'm cooler than a ice brick."
- In the Kreayshawn song "The Ruler", raps: "So much gold around my neck, they callin me Slick Rick the Ruler
- In the Nas song "Loco-Motive" on his album Life Is Good "In My Truck, Play the Greatest Adventures of Slick Rick Buggin' on how his imagination was so sick"
- In the Jay-Z song "Jigga My Nigga", Jay-Z raps "Jigga been dope since Slick Rick's first chain."
- In the Chip song "Slick Rick", "Oh shit, I think I'm Slick Rick" on his mixtape London Boy.
- In the Pitbull and Christina Aguilera song "Feel This Moment," Pitbull raps: "And made him slicker than Slick Rick the Ruler"
- In the Macklemore song "Gold", Macklemore raps "Slick Rick Gold, row fun, hella cold."
- In the M.I.A. song "Bring The Noize", she raps "I'm a overweight, heavyweight, female Slick Rick"
- In the Nas song "Let Nas Down (Remix)", he raps "Slick Rick was like Jesus, (Kool) G Rap wrote the Bible"
- In the Funkoars song "Meet The Family", Sketchy Hons raps "The 'Oars and Pegasus connect like Slick Rick and necklaces"
- In the Spose song "Can't get there from here", Spose raps "I'm not Rick but I spit Slick"
- In the Leak Bros song "Druggie Fresh", a reference to Doug E. Fresh, Tame One imitates the style of Slick Rick on "La Di Da Di."
- In the Keith Murray song "The World", Keith raps "I patch it up, like Slick Rick The Ruler"
- In the Will.i.am song "Feelin' Myself", French Montana raps "Slick Rick looking at the mirror"
- In the Everlast song "Painkillers" he raps "like Slick Rick said, I know I shouldn't have done it"
- The first two lines of Danny Brown's song "30" are "Sent your bitch a dick pic and now she need glasses; turn your bitch Slick Rick right now if I flashed it."
- In the music video for the remix of "All Gold Everything" by Trinidad James, rapper 2 Chainz appears with a similar eye patch, supposedly inspired by Rick's.
- In the Future song "Codeine Crazy" Future raps "Dont tell me you celebrate, to the mula, I just went Rick The Ruler with the Jeweler."
- In the J. Cole song "January 28th" he raps "...Might be L or you might be Kane, or you might be Slick Rick with 19 chains"
- In the Jeezy song "R.I.P" he raps: "Who da nigga think he is? Slick Rick or Dana Dane? Think he Rakim or something, look at his chain."
- In the Nicki Minaj song "Super Bass," she raps, "You're like slicker than the guy with the thing on his eye," in reference to Slick Rick's eyepatch.
- In the song "Speedom", Tech N9ne says "Would never be chopping without Slick Rick"
- In the Apple Music ad broadcast during the 2015 Emmy Awards, Taraji P. Henson yelled to Mary J Blige "Really, Mary you startin' with Slick Rick?(!)"
- Bushwick Bill in the song Takin' it back "rappers telling more children's stories than Slick Rick" from the album My Testimony of Redemption
- In a 2015 episode of Black-ish, Anthony Anderson looks at their family's monthly bill and exclaims, "Holy Slick Rick!"
- In the 2016 Migos song, "Bad and Boujee," Offset raps, "Rick the Ruler, diamond cooler (cooler)"
- In the Young Thug song "On Fire," Thug raps "Mm, my chains, I'm Rick the Ruler."
- The Great Adventures of Slick Rick (1988)
- The Ruler's Back (1991)
- Behind Bars (1994)
- The Art of Storytelling (1999)
- David Drake, Insanul Ahmed (October 19, 2012). "The 30 Biggest Criminal Trials in Rap History: The People of the State of New York v. Richard Walters (1991)". Complex.
- Who Sampled Blog. "Top 10 All Time Most Sampled Records in Hip Hop".
- "TOP 10 MOST SAMPLED SONGS OF ALL TIME". PixelVulture.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- "50 Greatest MCs of Our Time (1987 - 2007)". Rap.about.com. 1999-02-15. Retrieved 2015-08-13.
- "The Source's Top 50 Lyricists Of All Time ," Thisis50.com, July 7, 2012.
- Bush, John. "Slick Rick Biography and History". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- David Gonzalez, "At 50, a Hip-Hop Pioneer Still Has Stories to Tell," The New York Times, February 8, 2015.
- "Slick Rick". Hiphoplegacies.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- "Slick Rick - Biography". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- Huey, Steve. "The Great Adventures of Slick Rick - Slick Rick | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2015-08-13.
- "Doug E Fresh & The Get Fresh Crew -The Show Studio, TOTP". YouTube. 2014-04-19. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
- "The Show - Doug E Fresh". YouTube. 2011-02-10. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
- "Doug E. Fresh and the Get Fresh Crew, "The Show"/"La Di Da Di" (1985) - Questlove's Top 50 Hip-Hop Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- "BIOGRAPHY of Slick Rick". Ricktheruler.net. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- "Top Ten Def Jams". Clash Magazine. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- Weiner, Matt (September 21, 2014). "The Misadventures of Slick Rick". Sabotagetimes.com. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- "The 30 Biggest Criminal Trials in Rap History - 5. The People of the State of New York v. Richard Walters (1990)". Complex. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- Reischel, Julia. "Slick Trouble". Village Voice. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- "Slick Rick The Ruler". hiphop.sh. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- "No holds barred - after five years in prison, Slick Rick cuts Art of Storytelling - and gets his life back". NY Daily News. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- Sewell Chan, "Governor Pardons Hip-Hop Pioneer," The New York Times, May 23, 2008.
- "The Ruler's Back - Def Jam". Def Jam. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- "Slick Rick Interview". "The Show". youtube.com. Retrieved 2012-03-18.
- "Slick Rick Facts, information, pictures on Encyclopedia.com articles about Slick Rick". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- "Behind Bars - Def Jam". Def Jam. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- BAKER, SOREN (1999-05-23). "Slick Rick Makes His Return to Rap, Ever the Storyteller". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- "Slick Rick regains legal status". CNN.com. Cable News Network LP. Associated Press. 2003-11-04. Archived from the original on December 6, 2007. Retrieved 2004-05-24.
- Patel, Joseph (2003-11-07). "The Great Adventures Can Resume: Slick Rick Is A Free Man". MTV.com. Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- Jeffries, Alexis (18 October 2006). "Slick Rick Facing Deportation, Again". Vibe. Vibe Media Group, Inc. Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- "Hip-hop pioneer 'Slick Rick' pardoned". ABC News. Associated Press. 23 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- "Soul Rebels at the Howard Theatre". Thehowardtheatre.com. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "will.i.am charity event raises $2.4 million". CNS News. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- "Mixx Cares Humanitarian Award Recipient". Latinmixx.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- "Rap Legend Slick Rick Becomes a U.S. Citizen!". TMZ.com. 2016-04-15. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
- "Slick Rick Granted U.S. Citizenship After Decades-Long Battle". Rolling Stone.
- Shapiro, Peter. The Rough Guide To Hip-Hop, 2nd Edition, Penguin, 2005, p.336.
- Shapiro, Peter, 2005, The Rough Guide To Hip-Hop, 2nd Edition, Penguin, p. 337.
- Coleman, Brian. Check The Technique: Liner Notes For Hip-Hop Junkies. New York: Villard/Random House, 2007, p. 319.
- Kool Moe Dee. There's A God On The Mic: The True 50 Greatest MCs, Thunder's Mouth Press, 2003, p.63.
- Edwards, Paul. How to Rap: The Art & Science of the Hip-Hop MC, Chicago Review Press, 2009, p. 39.
- Edwards, Paul, How to Rap: The Art & Science of the Hip-Hop MC, Chicago Review Press, 2009, p. 244.
- Edwards, Paul, How to Rap: The Art & Science of the Hip-Hop MC, Chicago Review Press, 2009, p. 129.
- Kool Moe Dee. There's A God On The Mic: The True 50 Greatest MCs, Thunder's Mouth Press, 2003, p.64.
- Edwards, Paul. How to Rap: The Art & Science of the Hip-Hop MC, Chicago Review Press, 2009, p. 253.
- Edwards, Paul. How to Rap: The Art & Science of the Hip-Hop MC, Chicago Review Press, 2009, p. 276.
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