The slide trumpet is an early type of trumpet fitted with a movable section of telescopic tubing, similar to the slide of a trombone. Eventually, the slide trumpet evolved into the sackbut, which evolved into the modern-day trombone. The key difference between these two instruments is that the slide trumpet possesses only a single slide joint, rather than the two joints in the U-shaped slide of the sackbut or trombone. There are several types of slide trumpet of different places and eras.
The slide trumpet grew out of the war trumpet as used and developed in Western and Central Europe: Don Smithers argues that the slide grew out of the detachable leadpipe, and separated the use of the trumpet as a dance instrument from the trumpet as a signaling device in war.
Renaissance slide trumpet
- See: Clarion
As no instruments from this period are known to have survived, the details—and even the existence—of a Renaissance slide trumpet is a matter of some conjecture, and there continues to be some debate among scholars. Some slide trumpet designs saw use in England in the 18th century.
Possibly slide trumpets or sackbuts or clarion trumpets.
Collegium Musicum musical gathering, circa 1590. From the left: viol, flute, mandörgen or gittern, fiddle or rebec, shawm, harp, slide trumpet or clarion trumpet, cornett, clavichord.
- ^ Smithers, Don L. (1973). The Music & History of the Baroque Trumpet before 1721. London: J. M. Dent & Sons. pp. 3–7. ISBN 978-0-460-03991-8. Retrieved 2 February 2010 – via Google Books.
- ^ Tröster, Patrick (2004). "More about Renaissance Slide Trumpets: Fact or Fiction?". Early Music. Oxford University Press. 32 (2): 252–268. doi:10.1093/em/32.2.252. S2CID 194065568. Retrieved 29 January 2020 – via Project MUSE.
- ^ Lessen, Martin (1997). "The Last Trumpet: A History of the English Slide Trumpet by Art Brownlow (review)". Notes. Second series. 54 (2): 484–85. doi:10.2307/899543. JSTOR 899543.
- Brownlow, James Arthur (1996). The Last Trumpet: A History of the English Slide Trumpet. Hillsdale, New York: Pendragon Press. ISBN 978-0-945193-81-4 – via Google Books.
- Tarr, Edward H. (2001). "Slide trumpet". Grove Music Online (8th ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.25968. ISBN 978-1-56159-263-0.
- Media related to Slide trumpets at Wikimedia Commons
- Brief introduction to the slide trumpet on YouTube, Piffaro member Greg Ingles explains the key features of the renaissance slide trumpet.
- Flatt Trumpet
- Thomas Harper