The slide trumpet is a type of trumpet that is fitted with a slide much like a trombone. Eventually, the slide trumpet evolved into the sackbut, which evolved into the modern-day trombone. The key difference between these two instruments is that the slide trumpet possesses only a single slide joint, rather than the double slide joint of the sackbut / trombone. There are several types of slide trumpet of different places and eras.
The slide trumpet grew out of the war trumpet as used and developed in Western and Central Europe: Don Smithers argues that the slide grew out of the detachable leadpipe, and separated the use of the trumpet as a dance instrument from the trumpet as a signaling device in war.
Renaissance slide trumpet
As no instruments from this period are known to have survived, the details – and even the existence – of a Renaissance slide trumpet is a matter of some conjecture, and there continues to be some debate among scholars. Some slide trumpet designs saw use in England in the 18th century.
- Smithers, Don L. (1973). The Music & History of the Baroque Trumpet before 1721. London: J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd. pp. 3–7. ISBN 978-0-460-03991-8. Retrieved 2 February 2010 – via Google Books.
- Tröster, Patrick (2004). "More about Renaissance Slide Trumpets: Fact or Fiction?". Early Music. Oxford University Press. 32 (2): 252–268. doi:10.1093/em/32.2.252. S2CID 194065568. Retrieved 29 January 2020 – via Project MUSE.
- Lessen, Martin (1997). "The Last Trumpet: A History of the English Slide Trumpet by Art Brownlow (review)". Notes. Second Series. 54 (2): 484–85. doi:10.2307/899543. JSTOR 899543.
- Brownlow, James Arthur (1996). The Last Trumpet: A History of the English Slide Trumpet. Hillsdale, New York: Pendragon Press. ISBN 978-0-945193-81-4 – via Google Books.
- Tarr, Edward H. "Slide trumpet". oxfordmusiconline.com. Oxford University Press.