Slidell, Louisiana

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Slidell, Louisiana
City of Slidell
Heritage Park
Heritage Park
Nickname(s): 
The Camellia City (official), The Dell
Location of Slidell in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana
Location of Slidell in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana
Slidell, Louisiana is located in Louisiana
Slidell, Louisiana
Slidell, Louisiana
Location of Slidell in Louisiana
Coordinates: 30°16′45″N 89°46′40″W / 30.27917°N 89.77778°W / 30.27917; -89.77778Coordinates: 30°16′45″N 89°46′40″W / 30.27917°N 89.77778°W / 30.27917; -89.77778
Country United States
State Louisiana
ParishSt. Tammany
Named forJohn Slidell
Government
 • TypeMayor
 • BodyGreg Cromer (R)
Area
 • Total15.70 sq mi (40.67 km2)
 • Land15.33 sq mi (39.70 km2)
 • Water0.37 sq mi (0.96 km2)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total28,781
 • Density1,800/sq mi (710/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
70458, 70459, 70460, 70461, 70469
Area code(s)985
Websitemyslidell.com

Slidell /slˈdɛl/ is a city on the northeast shore of Lake Pontchartrain in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 28,781 at the 2020 census.[2] It is part of the New OrleansMetairieKenner metropolitan statistical area.

History[edit]

Beginning[edit]

One of the earlier settlers to the area was Foster Willie. Along with a younger brother, Wesley Coke Asbury Gause, Judge Wingate, and several others, he left Shallotte, North Carolina, on February 18, and arrived at Pearlington, Mississippi, on April 14, 1836. Wesley and his family remained there, while John and family crossed the Pearl River and built a log cabin on the west bank, a little further south. He then began a lumber mill in the fledgling town later known as Slidell. His traveling back and forth from lumber yard to home created a road known today as Gause Boulevard, a major east/west street in the town. The lumber yard was where Gause Boulevard crosses the railroad track. The log cabin was built at the east end of the road, just a few yards from the river. The house stood until the late 1990s, and a small family burial plot still remains where John is buried between his two wives, Lydia Russ and Johanna Frederica VanHeemskerk.

Slidell was founded on the north shore of Lake Pontchartrain in 1882 and 1883 during construction of the New Orleans and Northeastern Railroad (N.O.N.E.).[3][4] The N.O.N.E. line connected New Orleans to Meridian, Mississippi. The town was named in honor of American politician and Confederate ambassador to France John Slidell, and officially chartered by the Louisiana State Legislature in 1888.[3]

Twentieth century & beyond[edit]

Around 1910, Slidell began a period of economic and industrial growth. A large creosote plant was built, and Slidell became home to the Fritz Salmen Brickyard, a major producer of bricks later named St. Joe Brick. A lumber mill and shipyard were also built. Following the construction of Interstate 10, Interstate 59, and Interstate 12, Slidell became a major crossroads for those traversing the Gulf States.[citation needed]

In 1915, the creosote plant burned to the ground, killing 55 workers and 3 firefighters.[citation needed] The plant was rebuilt on Bayou Lane, closer to a water source and a fire station. Eventually, creosote polluted the bayou, a source of drinking water for many of Slidell's residents. The creosote plant was abandoned in 1986 and became an EPA Superfund site. The canal was dredged and waste incinerated until completion of the cleanup in 1996. At that time a boat launch was built and Heritage Park was constructed on the former site.[citation needed]

With the advent of the U.S. space program in the 1960s, NASA opened the Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans, the John C. Stennis Space Center in nearby Bay St. Louis, Mississippi, and a NASA computer center on Gause Boulevard. This nearly tripled Slidell's population over ten years, and the city became a major suburb of New Orleans. The National Weather Service forecast office for the New Orleans and Baton Rouge area is also in Slidell.[5] Slidell is the headquarters of Vesco Tennis Courts, a privately held firm specializing in construction of hard surfaces for outdoor sports facilities.[6]

The city has hosted several parade krewes each Carnival season.[7][8]

On August 29, 2005, Slidell suffered extensive damage from Hurricane Katrina, as the storm made final landfall on the morning of August 29, 2005. The municipal area is about 2 miles (3 km) inland, and parts of the city experienced a storm surge in excess of 10 feet (3.0 m). The unincorporated areas of St. Tammany Parish, to the south and east, often called Slidell, experienced a storm surge of 13 to 16 feet (4.0 to 4.9 m).[9]

Geography[edit]

Slidell is located at 30°16′45″N 89°46′40″W / 30.27917°N 89.77778°W / 30.27917; -89.77778 (30.279040, -89.777744),[10] and has an elevation of 13 feet (4.0 m).[11] It is in southeastern St. Tammany Parish, located approximately 3 miles (5 km) north of Lake Pontchartrain. The city forms part of the Greater New Orleans area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.2 square miles (39.4 km2), of which 14.8 square miles (38.4 km2) is land and 0.35 square miles (0.9 km2), or 2.39%, is water.[12]

Climate[edit]

Slidell has a humid subtropical climate, with short, generally mild winters (slightly cooler than the southshore part of the New Orleans area) and hot, humid summers. Precipitation in winter usually accompanies the passage of a cold front.[citation needed] Hurricanes pose a threat to the area, and the city is vulnerable because of its low elevation.[13][14]

Climate data for Slidell, Louisiana (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1956–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 81
(27)
86
(30)
89
(32)
92
(33)
95
(35)
104
(40)
102
(39)
103
(39)
99
(37)
94
(34)
90
(32)
86
(30)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C) 60.6
(15.9)
64.3
(17.9)
70.1
(21.2)
76.1
(24.5)
83.0
(28.3)
88.2
(31.2)
89.6
(32.0)
89.7
(32.1)
86.7
(30.4)
79.3
(26.3)
69.7
(20.9)
63.0
(17.2)
76.7
(24.8)
Daily mean °F (°C) 51.1
(10.6)
54.7
(12.6)
60.8
(16.0)
66.9
(19.4)
74.4
(23.6)
80.1
(26.7)
81.7
(27.6)
81.6
(27.6)
78.2
(25.7)
69.2
(20.7)
59.5
(15.3)
53.5
(11.9)
67.6
(19.8)
Average low °F (°C) 41.6
(5.3)
45.0
(7.2)
51.6
(10.9)
57.7
(14.3)
65.7
(18.7)
72.1
(22.3)
73.8
(23.2)
73.5
(23.1)
69.7
(20.9)
59.2
(15.1)
49.2
(9.6)
44.1
(6.7)
58.6
(14.8)
Record low °F (°C) 8
(−13)
15
(−9)
22
(−6)
32
(0)
41
(5)
50
(10)
57
(14)
58
(14)
42
(6)
31
(−1)
24
(−4)
9
(−13)
8
(−13)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.92
(150)
4.39
(112)
5.26
(134)
5.47
(139)
5.84
(148)
5.75
(146)
7.68
(195)
7.57
(192)
4.95
(126)
4.17
(106)
4.22
(107)
4.95
(126)
66.17
(1,681)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.5 9.2 9.0 7.8 7.5 11.2 13.7 13.9 9.6 7.0 7.5 10.2 117.1
Source: NOAA[15][16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890364
19001,129210.2%
19102,18893.8%
19202,95835.2%
19302,807−5.1%
19402,8220.5%
19503,38319.9%
19606,35687.9%
197016,101153.3%
198026,71865.9%
199024,124−9.7%
200025,6956.5%
201027,0685.3%
202028,7816.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]

According to the 2020 United States census, 28,781 people lived in the city.[2] At the 2010 United States census, 27,068 people, 10,050 households, and 7,145 families resided in Slidell.[18] In 2000, the population was 25,695.[19]

Per to the 2019 American Community Survey, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated the racial and ethnic makeup of the city as 71.8% non-Hispanic white, 16.9% Black and African American, 0.5% American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.3% Asian, 0.1% some other race, 2.3% two or more races, and 7.1% Hispanic and Latin American of any race.[20] In 2010, the racial makeup of the city was 76.0% White, 17.0% Black and African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latin Americans of any race were 6.3% of the population. At the 2000 U.S. census, the racial and ethnic makeup of the city was 83.13% White, 13.56% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races; Hispanics and Latin Americans of any race were 2.67% of the population.

Of the population in 2019, the median age was 36.7 and 73.2% of the population were aged 18 and older; an estimated 15.9% of the population were aged 65 and older.[21] Residents of Slidell had a median household income of $54,906 and 15.1% of the population lived at or below the poverty line. Males had a median full-time annual income of $54,642 versus $37,183 for females. Of the 10,050 households in 2010, 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 23.4% of households were one person and 9.4% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.13. In 2010, the age distribution was 28.0% under the age of 19, 6% from 20 to 24, 26% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 14% 65 or older. The median age was 37.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males.

Economy[edit]

Slidell is the global headquarters for automotive manufacturer and military contractor Textron Marine & Land Systems.

Education[edit]

Slidell's public schools are operated by the St. Tammany Parish Public Schools. There are three public high schools in Slidell, Northshore High School, Salmen High School, and Slidell High School, and two private high schools, Pope John Paul II High School and First Baptist Christian School.

Northshore Technical Community College has its main campus in Lacombe; this campus was established in January 2017. Additionally Nunez Community College in Chalmette,[22] and the Sidney Collier Campus in East New Orleans of Delgado Community College are in proximity to the parish.[23]

Previously the Slidell Learning Center and later the Northshore-Slidell campus, and with Covington having the Northshore-Covington Campus. The latter opened in summer 2002.[24] The Slidell campus closed in 2016 due to financial issues.[22]

Transportation[edit]

The train station in downtown Slidell

Amtrak’s Crescent serves Slidell station, and offers service to New York City, Washington, D.C., Atlanta, Birmingham, New Orleans, and intermediate points. The station is located on Front Street in Olde Towne Slidell.

Slidell is on the southwest corner of the intersection of Interstate 10, Interstate 12, Interstate 59, and U.S. Highway 11. The I-10 Twin Span Bridge runs from Slidell over Lake Pontchartrain to New Orleans East.

Slidell Airport (ICAO: KASD, FAA LID: ASD) is a city-owned public-use airport four nautical miles (7 km) northwest of Slidell's central business district. Although most U.S. airports use the same three-letter location identifier for the FAA and IATA, Slidell's is assigned ASD by the FAA but has no designation from the IATA (which assigned ASD to Andros Town Airport in the Bahamas).

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "QuickFacts: Slidell city, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Slidell museum brochure Archived 2008-06-25 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "History of Slidell". City of Slidell. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  5. ^ National Weather Service New Orleans/Baton Rouge Weather Forecast Office Accessed 2019-05-18
  6. ^ Vesco corporate site (accessed 2011-12-09).
  7. ^ Nola.com, Slidell Carnival krewes, city officials agree on single route for 2011 parades 2010-08-13. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
  8. ^ St. Tammany News. "Route changes coming for Slidell parades". 2010-08-18. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
  9. ^ FEMA (2009-06-04). "Hurricane Katrina Flood Recovery". Last modified: Thursday, 04-June-2009 13:13:33 EDT. Retrieved on 2009-09-15 from FEMA.gov Recovery.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Slidell city, Louisiana". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 17, 2012.
  13. ^ GlobalSecurity.org, New Orleans Hurricane Risk Accessed 2010-08-28.
  14. ^ Grunwall, Michael; Glasser, Susan B. (September 21, 2005). "Experts Say Faulty Levees Caused Much of Flooding". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2006-06-15.
  15. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
  16. ^ "Station: Slidell, LA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  18. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Slidell city, Louisiana". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 17, 2012.
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  20. ^ "2019 Demographic and Housing Estimates". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-07-22.
  21. ^ "Geography Profile: Slidell city, Louisiana". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-07-22.
  22. ^ a b "Delgado's Slidell campus closing; students will have alternatives". Fox 8 News. 2016-08-25. Retrieved 2021-05-19. [...]Northshore Technical Community College or Nunez Community College, starting immediately.[...]
  23. ^ "Locations". Delgado Community College. Retrieved 2021-05-19. The Sidney Collier Site [...] as well as St. Tammany and St. Bernard parishes.
  24. ^ "The College and the Locations". Delgado Community College. Retrieved 2021-05-19.
  25. ^ "John Besh". St. Tammany Parish Tourist & Convention Commission. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  26. ^ "Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown". 2005 The New York Times Company. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  27. ^ Spears, Marc (March 22, 2008). "Full-court press by Celtics convinced Brown". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2008-06-29.
  28. ^ "Tony Canzoneri". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  29. ^ "Arthur Chevrolet". 1996-2014, A&E Television Networks, LLC. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  30. ^ "Rich Clementi". Mixed Martial Arts LLC. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  31. ^ "Chris Duhon". 2000-2014 Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  32. ^ "Mike Fontenot Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved July 18, 2013.
  33. ^ "Matt Forté". 2014 CBS Interactive. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  34. ^ "Will Harris". 2000-2013 Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  35. ^ "New Orleans Saints All‐Time Coaching Roster" (PDF). New Orleans Saints. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
  36. ^ "Arthur Jones (inventor)". 2011 The Seattle Times Company. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  37. ^ "Juvenile (rapper)". 2000 - 2014 WorldNow and WVUE. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  38. ^ "Conductor Paul Mauffray and singer Monique Weaver bring classical love songs to Trinity Church". NOLA. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  39. ^ "Logan Morrison". 2000-2013 Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  40. ^ "Xavier Paul". 2000-2013 Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 7 May 2014.

External links[edit]