Sliding Center Sanki
The Sliding Center Sanki (Санки) (a.k.a. the Sanki Sliding Center) is a bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton track located in Rzhanaya Polyana, Russia, located 60 km (37 mi) northeast of Sochi. Located in the Western Caucasus. The venue hosted the bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton events for the 2014 Winter Olympics.
In 2006, it was announced that Russia would construct two new bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton tracks. The first track was located near Moscow while the second one would be located in Krasnaya Polyana. Sochi was chosen to host the 2014 Winter Olympics over Pyeongchang, South Korea and Salzburg, Austria on 4 July 2007. By 2009, the location was changed to Rzhanaya Polyana, located not far from Krasnaya Polyana. On 26 April 2016, a fire damaged part of the track.
The track length is 1365 meters for bobsleigh, skeleton, and men's singles luge and 1325 meters for luge – women's singles and men's doubles, with the finish height being at 1215 meters above sea level. It features 19 curves for bobsleigh and skeleton, 20 turns for men's singles luge, and 17 turns for luge – women's singles/men's doubles. The maximum height difference (in the 1365m configuration) is 131.9 meters. The track will have permanent seating of 500, a temporary seating of 500, and a standing room crowd of 10,000 during the 2014 games.
In their Olympic bid package, Sochi's track would cost RUB 135.7 million. During the weekend of 4–5 April 2009, a report on the track status was given at the International Luge Federation (FIL) Commissions meeting in St. Leonhard, Austria (near Salzburg) by the artificial track technical commission in the presence of FIL President Josef Fendt though no details were disclosed.
Construction was scheduled to begin in 2007 and run until 2009 with testing events approved by the International Bobsleigh and Tobogganing Federation (FIBT) and the FIL in 2013 and 2014. There have been two issues with the track regarding location.
Seven different locations have been submitted to both the FIBT and FIL, but have all been rejected due to high downhill grades on the track. The joint track commission of the FIBT-FIL has expressed concerns over this issue. The head of the Königssee bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton track in Germany stated that "the FIL is not to blame for the problems occurring in connection with the track location."
World Heritage Site proximity
The site where the track would be located has been under fire from Greenpeace Russia over its location near the World Heritage Site of the Western Caucasus. Following Greenpeace Russia's official examination of the facility near the Sochi National Park, it was determined that about ten other places could be used outside of the park for track construction. Controversy about the track also included the Northern Caucasus brown bear's location near the track for which the bear is an endangered species.
- A lot is being done at the world's artificially-iced tracks. at the Fédération Internationale de Luge de Course (23 November 2006 article accessed 20 February 2008)
- Gamesbids.com archives of past awards of Olympic Games. - accessed 30 January 2008
- Bobsleigh and luge track for Sochi will be built in Rzyhanaya Polyana. at the Fédération Internationale de Luge de Course (21 May 2009 article accessed 29 May 2009.)
- Sochi2014.com luge website mentioned the Russian National Sliding Centre. - accessed 29 May 2009. Archived May 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Sochi 2014 bid package on sports venues. pp 14-7, 20-1, 24-5, 76-9. (English) & (French) - accessed February 25, 2008. (Deadlinked as of 30 September 2010.)
- Recommendation for 2013 World Championships in Whistler. at the Fédération Internationale de Luge de Course (8 April 2009 article accessed 11 April 2009.)
- Problems regarding location of bobsleigh and luge track in Sochi. at the Fédération Internationale de Luge de Course (30 November 2007 article accessed 25 February 2008.)
- 6 June 2007 Greenpeace.org article on the environmental impact over facility construction for the 2014 Winter Olympics. - accessed 21 February 2008.
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- Sochi2014.com profile - accessed 22 February 2010.