Slieve Gallion (horse)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Slieve Gallion
Slieve Gallion.jpg
Slieve Gallion in Hungary in 1912.
Sire Gallinule
Grandsire Isonomy
Dam Reclusion
Damsire St. Florian
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1904
Country United Kingdom
Colour Brown or Black
Breeder Henry Greer
Owner Henry Greer
Trainer Sam Darling
Record 8:6-1-1
Earnings £11,995[1]
Major wins
New Stakes (1906)
Champagne Stakes (1906)
Craven Stakes (1907)
2000 Guineas (1907)
St. James's Palace Stakes (1907)

Slieve Gallion (1904–1926) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a career that lasted from May 1906 to June 1907 he ran eight times and won six races. He was one of the leading British two-year-olds of 1906 when his wins included the Champagne Stakes at Doncaster. The following spring he became a Classic winner by taking the 2000 Guineas but finished third when favourite for The Derby. After winning his only subsequent race he was sold and exported to stand as a stallion in Hungary.

Background[edit]

Slieve Gallion's colour was controversial: he was officially described as a black horse,[2] although his portrait suggests that he was a dark-coated bay,[1] and some argued that he was an unusually dark chestnut.[3] He was bred in England by the Irish breeder Henry Greer, who owned the colt during his racing career. Greer named the colt after a mountain in County Londonderry. He was sired by Greer's stallion Gallinule, a moderate racehorse who became a highly successful sire of winners, being the Leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland on two occasions.[4] Greer sent the colt to be trained by Sam Darling at Beckhampton.[5]

Racing career[edit]

1906: two-year-old season[edit]

Slieve Gallion began his racing career at Sandown Park in May where he won the Cobham Plate. He was immediately moved up in class and sent to Royal Ascot for the New Stakes, the race now known as the Norfolk Stakes. He won the race "very easily"[6] to establish himself as one on the season's leading two-year-olds. A much anticipated meeting between Slieve Gallion and the year's other leading colt, Traquair, in the July Stakes at Newmarket did not come to pass when Greer's horse was withdrawn.[7]

After a three-month break, Slieve Gallion returned to the racecourse to win the Champagne Stakes at Doncaster. On his final start of the season he ran in one of the year's most important two-year-old races, the Middle Park Stakes at Newmarket Racecourse. He was made favourite at odds of 1/4 in a field of five runners[8] but was beaten after a "long and desperate struggle"[9] by Eustace Loder's colt Galvani, with Traquair third. One explanation for his half-length defeat was that he was below his best form having suffered from dental problems in the build-up to the race.[10] Although he had been beaten in his most important test, Slieve Gallion was widely regarded as the fastest two-year-old of the season, despite his "tearaway"[11] racing style and tendency to carry his head at a high, awkward angle. Late in the season it was reported that Greer had turned down an offer of 18,000 guineas for his colt.[12]

1907: three-year-old season[edit]

Slieve Galion began his three-year-old season by winning the Craven Stakes at Newmarket in April. In the 2000 Guineas over the same course and distance two weeks later he started at odds of 4/11 against nine opponents. Ridden by Billy Higgs, he took an early lead and after being briefly challenged by Bezonian drew clear "in splendid style" to win easily by three lengths.[13]

At Epsom on 5 June he was made 8/13 favourite for the one and a half mile Derby in a field of nine runners. Confidence was high, with one prominent correspondent claiming that Slieve Gallion only had to "escape accident" to win the Classic.[14] Despite stamina not being considered one of Slieve Gallion's strengths,[15] Higgs rode the colt positively, sending him to the front after half a mile. He continued to lead into the straight, but two furlongs from the finish he began to struggle and was overtaken by the Irish colt Orby. Slieve Gallion hung badly to the right[16] as he tired and finished third, beaten two lengths and half a length by Orby and Wool Winder. Higgs and Sam Darling offered no excuses, admitting that their colt had been beaten on merit.[17] Shortly after the Derby, Orby's owner "Boss" Croker challenged Greer to a match race between the colts for "a substantial sum" over any distance. The challenge was not accepted.[18]

Two weeks after his defeat at Epsom, Sleve Gallion returned to the one mile distance for the St James's Palace Stakes at Royal Ascot which he won from two opponents at odds of 1/20.[19] Slieve Gallion was then bought for 15,000 guineas[20] by the Hungarian Mikos de Szemere. The colt was injured shortly afterwards and never raced again.[1] His winnings of £7,705 made him the fifth most financially successful horse of the British season.[21]

Stud career[edit]

Slieve Gallion was exported by his new owner to stand as a stallion in Austria-Hungary.[22] He made little impact as a sire of flat racers, but his progeny proved highly successful as steeplechasers. He was euthanized at the Kisber Stud in 1926.[1]

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Slieve Gallion (GB), brown or black stallion, 1904
Sire
Gallinule (GB)
1884
Isonomy
1875
Sterling Oxford
Whisper
Isola Bella Stockwell
Isoline
Moorhen
1873
Hermit Newminster
Seclusion
sister to Ryshworth Skirmisher
Vertumna
Dam
Reclusion (GB)
1898
St. Florian
1891
St. Simon Galopin*
St. Angela
Palmflower The Palmer
Jenny Diver
Penserosa
1893
Fitz-James The Scottish Chief
Hawthorn Bloom
Allegra Galopin*
Feronia (Family:8-d)[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Patricia Erigero. "SlieveGallion". Thoroughbred Heritage. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  2. ^ "SPORTING NOTES". Kalgoorlie Western Argus. 30 Oct 1906. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  3. ^ "THE COLOUR QUESTION". Otago Witness. 11 December 1907. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  4. ^ Patricia Erigero Thoroughbred Heritage. "Gallinule". Thoroughbred Heritage. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  5. ^ "Horseracing History Online - Person Profile : Samuel Darling". Horseracinghistory.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  6. ^ "SPORTING NEWS". Star. 2 August 1906. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  7. ^ "SPORTING NEWS. THE TURF. TO-DAY'S FIXTURES". The West Australian. 4 Aug 1906. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  8. ^ "IN A NUTSHELL". Otago Witness. 28 November 1906. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  9. ^ "IN A NUTSHELL". Otago Witness. 12 December 1906. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  10. ^ "THE TURF". The Capricornian. 24 Nov 1906. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  11. ^ "SPORTING NEWS". Star. 5 December 1906. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  12. ^ "SPORTING NOTES". Star. 16 November 1906. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  13. ^ "RACING IS ENGLAND". Otago Witness. 19 June 1907. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  14. ^ "NOTES BY " MULTIFORM."". Wanganui Chronicle. 12 July 1907. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  15. ^ "IN A NUTSHELL". Otago Witness. 20 February 1907. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  16. ^ "RACING IN ENGLAND". Otago Witness. 12 June 1907. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  17. ^ "SPORTING INTELLIGENCE". Otautau Standard and Wallace County Chronicle. 13 August 1907. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  18. ^ "NOTES BY "MULTIFORM."". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1907-08-24. Retrieved 2011-11-12. 
  19. ^ "SPORTING NEWS. THE TURF. THE WEEK'S FIXTURES". The West Australian. 19 July 1907. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  20. ^ "IN A NUTSHELL". Otago Witness. 11 December 1907. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  21. ^ "TURF NOTES". Wairarapa Daily Times. 4 January 1908. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  22. ^ "SPORTING INTELLIGENCE". Otautau Standard and Wallace County Chronicle. 24 December 1907. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  23. ^ "Feronia - Family 8-d". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2012-03-16.