Louis Burton Lindley Jr.
June 29, 1919
Kingsburg, California, U.S.
|Died||December 8, 1983 (aged 64)|
Modesto, California, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Margaret (née Harmon) Lindley (1950–1983 (his death))|
Louis Burton Lindley Jr. (June 29, 1919 – December 8, 1983), better known by his stage name Slim Pickens, was an American actor and rodeo performer. Starting off in the rodeo, Pickens transitioned to acting and appeared in several dozen movies and TV shows. For much of his career Pickens played mainly cowboy roles; he is perhaps best remembered today for his comic roles in Dr. Strangelove, Blazing Saddles and 1941, and his villainous turn in One-Eyed Jacks.
Early life and rodeo work
Louis Burton Lindley Jr. was born in Kingsburg, California, the son of Sally Mosher (née Turk) and Louis Bert Lindley Sr., a Texas-born dairy farmer. Young Lindley was an excellent horse rider from an early age. Known as "Burt" to his family and friends, he grew bored with dairy farming and began to make a few dollars by riding broncos and roping steers in his early teens. His father found out and forbade this activity, but Lindley took no notice, went to compete in a rodeo, and was told by the doubtful rodeo manager that there would be "slim pickin's" (i.e. little chance of any prize money) for him.
To prevent his father from discovering that he had competed, he entered his name as Slim Pickens, and won $400 that afternoon. Lindley graduated from Hanford High School, Hanford, California, and was a member of the Future Farmers of America. He joined the rodeo, billed as Slim Pickens, and eventually became a well-known rodeo clown.
During World War II, he enlisted in the United States Army Air Forces. Reportedly when the recruiter asked him his profession, he responded "Rodeo". This was misread on a form as "radio", and he spent his entire enlistment at a radio station in the American Midwest.
After nearly 20 years' rodeo work, Pickens's wide eyes, moon face, strong physical presence, and distinctive country drawl gained him a role in the Western Rocky Mountain (1950), which starred Errol Flynn. He appeared in many more Westerns, playing both villains and comic sidekicks to actors such as Rex Allen.
Hollywood made good use of Pickens' rodeo background. He did not need a stand-in for horseback scenes, and he was able to gallop his own Appaloosa horses across the desert, or drive a stagecoach pulled by a six-horse team. In a large number of films and TV shows, he wore his own hats and boots, and rode his own horses and mules.
Pickens appeared in dozens of further films, including Old Oklahoma Plains (1952), Down Laredo Way (1953), Tonka (1959), One-Eyed Jacks (1961, with Marlon Brando), Dr. Strangelove (1964), Major Dundee (1965, with Charlton Heston), the remake of Stagecoach (1966; Pickens played the driver, portrayed in the 1939 film by Andy Devine), An Eye for an Eye (1966), Never a Dull Moment (1968), The Cowboys (1972, with John Wayne), The Getaway (1972, with Steve McQueen), Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid (1973), Ginger in the Morning (1974, with Fred Ward), Blazing Saddles (1974), Poor Pretty Eddie, Rancho Deluxe (both 1975), Beyond the Poseidon Adventure (1979, with Michael Caine and Karl Malden), and Tom Horn (1980, also with McQueen). He had a small but memorable role in Steven Spielberg's 1941 (1979) in scenes with Toshiro Mifune and Christopher Lee; during one scene, he enumerates the objects on his person, similarly to the way he does in the "Survival Kit Contents Check" scene in Dr. Strangelove. In 1978, Pickens lent his voice to theme park Silver Dollar City as a character named Rube Dugan, for a ride called "Rube Dugan's Diving Bell". The diving bell was a simulation ride that took passengers on a journey to the bottom of Lake Silver and back. The ride was in operation from 1978 to 1984. He also played werewolf sheriff Sam Newfield in The Howling (1981).
In 1960, he appeared with William Bendix and Doug McClure in the NBC Western series Overland Trail in the episode "Sour Annie", with fellow guest stars Mercedes McCambridge and Andrew Prine. Pickens appeared five times in NBC's Outlaws (1960–62) Western series as the character Slim. The program, starring Barton MacLane, was the story of a U.S. marshal in Oklahoma Territory and the outlaws he pursued. In 1967, Pickens had a recurring role as the scout California Joe Milner in the ABC military Western Custer, which starred Wayne Maunder in the title role.
In 1975, Pickens was in another Western, playing the evil, limping bank robber in Walt Disney's The Apple Dumpling Gang; that same year, the exploitation cult classic Poor Pretty Eddie was released, with Pickens portraying twisted Sheriff Orville. He provided the voice of B.O.B. in the 1979 Disney science-fiction thriller The Black Hole. His last film was his least notable, Pink Motel (1982, with Phyllis Diller).
Pickens played B-52 pilot Major T. J. "King" Kong in 1964's Dr. Strangelove. Stanley Kubrick cast Pickens after Peter Sellers, who played three other roles in the film, sprained his ankle and was unable to perform in the role due to having to work in the cramped cockpit set. Pickens was chosen because his accent and comic sense were perfect for the role of Kong, a cartoonishly patriotic and gung-ho B-52 commander. He was not given the script for the entire film, but only those portions in which he played a part. Three memorable scenes featuring Pickens were:
- A monologue meant to steel the crew for their duty after he receives the definitive inflight order to bomb a strategic target in the USSR.
- Reading aloud to his crew the contents of their survival kits (possibly the first mention of condoms in a Hollywood film). After listing the contents usable for barter with Russian women (prophylactics, nylons, lipstick, etc.), as well as a .45 automatic pistol, Major Kong said, "Shoot, a fella could have a pretty good time in Big D [Dallas] with all this stuff." This line had to be looped (the reference to Dallas changed to "weekend in Vegas") after the scheduled November 22, 1963 screening for critics was canceled due to President John F. Kennedy's assassination.
- Best known of all, and an enduring historical film image of the American-Soviet Cold War era, Pickens riding a dropped H-bomb to a certain death, whooping and waving his cowboy hat (in the manner of a rodeo performer bronc riding or bull riding), not knowing its detonation will trigger a Soviet doomsday device.
Pickens credited Dr. Strangelove as a turning point in his career. Previously he had been "Hey you" on sets, and afterward he was addressed as "Mr. Pickens". He once said, "After Dr. Strangelove, the roles, the dressing rooms, and the checks all started gettin' bigger." Pickens said he was amazed at the difference a single movie could make. However, he also said that working with Stanley Kubrick proved too difficult due to Kubrick's perfectionist style of directing with multiple takes for nearly every shot, especially with the climactic H-bomb riding scene, which was done in just over 100 takes. In the late 1970s, Pickens was offered the part of Dick Hallorann in Kubrick's adaptation of Stephen King's The Shining, but Pickens stipulated that he would appear in the film only if Kubrick was required to shoot Pickens' scenes in fewer than 100 takes. Instead, Pickens' agent showed the script to Don Schwartz, the agent of Scatman Crothers, and Crothers accepted the role.
Voice work and recordings
Pickens lent his voice to the 1975 studio recording of Bobby Bridger's collection of Western ballads A Ballad of the West, in which he narrated part 1, "Seekers of the Fleece", the story of Jim Bridger and the mountain man fur-trade era. In 1977, he released the self-titled country album, Slim Pickens, on Blue Canyon Records. The LP contained twelve selections (including Kinky Friedman's "Carryin' the Torch", which was issued as a single) and two songs written by Pickens himself. The record jacket featured a photo of the actor in his signature role in Dr. Strangelove, sitting in the cockpit. Pickens also recorded a one-off single, "Christmas in November" (a rather depressing number about a child who won't live to celebrate Christmas on time), on the Midsong label in 1980.
Pickens appeared in numerous television guest shots, including a 1954 Stories of the Century episode in which he played the Sundance Kid to Joe Sawyer's Butch Cassidy, as well as four episodes of the syndicated Western series Annie Oakley (1956, with Gail Davis and Brad Johnson), and three episodes of NBC's The Wide Country (1962), a rodeo series starring Earl Holliman and Andrew Prine. In 1961, he had a recurring role as Johnson in the 17-episode NBC series The Americans, the story of how the American Civil War divided families. Thereafter, he was cast in a first-season episode of NBC's espionage series The Man from U.N.C.L.E..
He appeared in episodes of Mannix, Cheyenne, Sugarfoot, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, The Lone Ranger, Frontier Doctor, Gunsmoke, Route 66, The Tall Man, Maverick (in several episodes playing different characters), The Westerner, Riverboat, The Fugitive, The Travels of Jaimie McPheeters, The Legend of Jesse James, Alias Smith and Jones, Daniel Boone, The Virginian, That Girl, Baretta, Vega$, How the West Was Won, Cimarron Strip, The Love Boat, and Kung Fu.
Pickens was cast in recurring roles in The Legend of Custer, Bonanza, Hee Haw (where he was a semiregular from 1981 until his death), B. J. and the Bear with Greg Evigan, and Filthy Rich. He played Wild Jack Monroe, the owner of station WJM, in CBS's The Mary Tyler Moore Show, and also guest-starred as Zeke in the 1963 episode "Higgins and the Hillbilly" of the ABC sitcom Our Man Higgins, which starred Stanley Holloway as a British butler for a suburban American family. Pickens portrayed Grandpa Shoenfield in a two-part 1980 episode of ABC's The Love Boat.
In an episode of CBS's Hawaii Five-O he portrayed the patriarch of a family of serial killers.
In 2020, Pickens was inducted into the Ellensburg Rodeo Hall of Fame in Washington.
In his last years, Pickens lived with his wife in Columbia, California. He died on December 8, 1983, after surgery for a brain tumor. He was survived by his wife and children, Thomas Michael Lindley and Margaret Louise Wittman (née Lindley), as well as his step-daughter, Daryle Ann Giardino (née Wofford). His funeral was held at Presbyterian Church of the Forty Niners in Columbia, California, where he was a member. His remains were scattered over his favorite trail areas. His wife died in 2011.
His brother Samuel (1921–2001) was also an actor with the stage name Easy Pickens.
- Smoky (1946) as Rodeo Cowboy (uncredited)
- Rocky Mountain (1950) as Plank (CSA)
- Colorado Sundown (1952) as Joshua Slim Pickens / Ma Pickens
- The Last Musketeer (1952) as Slim Pickens
- Border Saddlemates (1952) as Slim Pickens
- The Story of Will Rogers (1952) as Dusty Donovan
- Old Oklahoma Plains (1952) as Slim
- South Pacific Trail (1952) as Slim Pickens
- Thunderbirds (1952) as Pvt. Wes Shelby
- Old Overland Trail (1953) as Slim Pickens
- The Sun Shines Bright (1953) as Sterling, Lanky Backwoodsman
- Iron Mountain Trail (1953) as Slim Pickens
- Down Laredo Way (1953) as Slim
- Shadows of Tombstone (1953) as Slim
- Red River Shore (1953) as Deputy Slim Pickens
- Phantom Stallion (1954) as Slim
- The Boy from Oklahoma (1954) as Shorty
- The Outcast (1954) as Boone Polsen
- Santa Fe Passage (1955) as Sam Beekman
- The Last Command (1955) as Abe
- When Gangland Strikes (1956) as Slim Pickett
- Stranger at My Door (1956) as Ben Silas
- The Great Locomotive Chase (1956) as Pete Bracken
- Gun Brothers (1956) as Moose MacLain
- Gunsight Ridge (1957) as Hank Moss
- The Sheepman (1958) as Marshal
- Escort West (1958) as Corporal Wheeler
- Tonka (1958) as Ace
- Stump Run (1959) as Babe Gaskin
- Chartroose Caboose (1960) as Pete Harmon
- One-Eyed Jacks (1961) as Deputy Lon Dedrick
- A Thunder of Drums (1961) as Trooper Erschick
- Savage Sam (1963) as Willy Crup
- Dr. Strangelove (1964) as Maj. 'King' Kong
- Major Dundee (1965) as Wiley
- In Harm's Way (1965) as C.P.O Culpepper
- Up from the Beach (1965) as Artillery Colonel
- The Glory Guys (1965) as Sgt. James Gregory
- Stagecoach (1966) as Buck
- An Eye for an Eye (1966) as Ike Slant
- The Young Riders (1966)
- Un tipo dificil de matar (1967)
- Rough Night in Jericho (1967) as Yarbrough
- The Flim-Flam Man (1967) as Jarvis Bates
- Will Penny (1967) as Ike Walterstein
- Never a Dull Moment (1968) as Cowboy Schaeffer
- The Legend of Custer (1968) as California Joe Milner
- Skidoo (1968) as Switchboard Operator
- 80 Steps to Jonah (1969) as Scott
- Rosolino Paternò, soldato... (1970) as General Maxwell
- The Ballad of Cable Hogue (1970) as Ben Fairchild
- The Deserter (1971) as Tattinger – American Scout
- Temporada salvaje (1971) as Lucky
- The Cowboys (1972) as Anse
- J.C. (1972) as Grady Caldwell
- The Honkers (1972) as Clete
- The Getaway (1972) as Cowboy
- Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid (1973) as Sheriff Baker
- Blazing Saddles (1974) as Taggart
- Runaway on the Rogue River (1974) as Bucky Steele
- The Gun and the Pulpit (1974) as Billy One-Eye
- Bootleggers (1974) as Grandpa Pruitt
- Ginger in the Morning (1974) as Sheriff
- The Legend of Earl Durand (1974) as Phil Chumley
- Rancho Deluxe (1975) as Henry Beige
- Poor Pretty Eddie (1975) as Sheriff Orville
- The Apple Dumpling Gang (1975) as Frank Stillwell
- White Line Fever (1975) as Duane Haller
- Banjo Hackett: Roamin’ Free (1976, TV Movie) as Lijah Tuttle
- Hawmps! (1976) as Naman Tucker
- Pony Express Rider (1976) as Bob Jay
- Mr. Billion (1977) as Duane Hawkins
- The White Buffalo (1977) as Abel Pickney
- The Shadow of Chikara (1977) as Virgil Cane
- The Swarm (1978) as Jud Hawkins
- Smokey and the Good Time Outlaws (1978) as Sheriff Ledy
- The Sweet Creek County War (1979) as Jitters Pippen
- Beyond the Poseidon Adventure (1979) as Dewey 'Tex' Hopkins
- The Sacketts (1979) as Jack Bigelow
- 1941 (1979) as Hollis P. Wood
- Spirit of the Wind (1979) as Obie
- The Black Hole (1979) as B.O.B. (voice, uncredited)
- Tom Horn (1980) as Sheriff Sam Creedmore
- Honeysuckle Rose (1980) as Garland Ramsey
- Christmas Mountain (1981)
- The Howling (1981) as Sam Newfield
- This House Possessed (1981, TV Movie) as Arthur Keene
- Pink Motel (1982) as Roy
- The Lone Ranger (1956) – episode – The Letter Bride – Ed Jones
- The Lone Ranger (1956) – episode – The Sheriff of Smoke Tree – Joe Boley
- Sugarfoot (1957) – episode – Brannigan's Boots – Shorty
- Sugarfoot (1958) – episode – Short Range – Harry
- Cheyenne (1957) – episode – Big Ghost Basin – Gary Owen
- Lassie (1957) – episode – The Chimp – Eddie
- Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color (1957–74) – 19 episodes – Various
- Death Valley Days (1958) – episode – The Telescope Eye – Season 6 Episode 26
- Wagon Train (1958) – episode – The Tent City Story – Rafe Jeffers
- Maverick (1958) – episode – The Spanish Dancer – Jed
- Frontier Doctor (1959) – episode – Bittercreek Gang – Slim
- Bronco (1961) – episode – One Came Back – 1st Stage Driver (uncredited)
- The Americans (1961) – episodes – The Escape, and The War Between the States – Johnson
- Maverick (1961) – episode – A State of Siege – Stage Coach Driver
- Wagon Train (1962) – episode – The Eve Newhope Story – Grubstake Malloy
- Route 66 (1962) – episode – A long Piece of Mischief – Jud
- Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1961) – episode – Final Arrangements – Bradshaw
- Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1964) – episode – The Jar – Clem Carter
- Bonanza (1963–64) – Episodes: "Half a Rogue" and "King of the Mountain" as Big Jim Leyton
- Rawhide (1964) – episode – The Backshooter – Sheriff McKay
- The Fugitive (1964) – episode – Nemesis – Corbin
- Gunsmoke (1964) – episode – Once a Haggen – Bucko Taos
- The Virginian (1964) – episode – Big Image - Little Man – Hogy
- The Man from U.N.C.L.E. (1964) – episode – The Iowa-Scuba Affair – Clint Spinner
- Daniel Boone (1966) – episode – Dan'l Boone Shot a B'ar – Cletus Mott
- Daniel Boone (1966) – episode – The Deserter – Simon Harman
- Gunsmoke (1966) – episode – Sweet Billy, Singer of Songs – Pony Beal
- The Legend of Jesse James (1966) – episode – Wanted: Dead and Only – Sheriff Homer Brinks
- Cimarron Strip (1968) – episode – Fool's Gold – Malachi Grimes
- Gentle Ben (1968) – episode – Ol' Joe's Gotta Go – Lloyd Larkin
- Bonanza (1968) – Episode: "Catch as Catch Can" as Sheriff Gant
- Mannix (1969) – episode – Only Giants Can Play – Mike Ray
- Ironside (1969) – episode – Goodbye to Yesterday – Sheriff Metcalf
- Bonanza (1970) - episode "What Are Pardners For?" as Sheriff
- Gunsmoke (1970) – episode – The Scavengers – Colley
- The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1971) – episode – The 45-Year-Old Man – Wild Jack Monroe
- Alias Smith and Jones (1971) – episode – Exit from Wickenburg – Mike
- Alias Smith and Jones (1971) – episode – The Man Who Murdered Himself – Sheriff Benton
- Alias Smith and Jones (1971) – episode – The Day They Hanged Kid Curry – Sheriff Whittaker
- The Partridge Family (1972) – episode – Nag, Nag, Nag – Will Fowler
- Gunsmoke (1972) – episodes – The River: Parts 1 & 2 – Charlie Utter
- Alias Smith and Jones (1972) – episode – The Strange Fate of Conrad Meyer Zulick – Sheriff Sam
- Hawaii Five-O (1973) – episode – One Big Happy Family – Sam
- Night Gallery (1973) – episode – Die Now, Pay Later – Sheriff Ned Harlow
- Kung Fu (1974) – episode – Empty Pages of a Dead Book – Bart Fisher
- McMillan & Wife (1976) – episode – Greed – William Halstead
- The Life and Times of Grizzly Adams – episode – The Unholy Beast – Fine Hope
- How the West Was Won (1978) – Episodes: #1.9, #1.10, and #1.11 – Tap Henry
- Vega$ (1978) – episode – Yes, My Darling Daughter – Ben Handler
- B.J. and the Bear (1979–81) – episodes – Snow White and the Seven Lady Truckers: Part 2, Mary Ellen, and B.J. and the Seven Lady Truckers – Sgt. Beauregard Wiley
- The Misadventures of Sheriff Lobo (1979) – Run for the Money: Parts 2 & 3 – Sgt. Wiley
- "Slim Pickens".
- Krebs, Albin (December 10, 1983). "SLIM PICKENS, KNOWN FOR COWBOY ROLES, DIES". The New York Times.
- Wilson, Scott (August 17, 2016). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed. McFarland. ISBN 9780786479924 – via Google Books.
- Hayes, Richard (March 4, 2009). "Cowboys in Combat". True West Magazine.
- Inside: 'Dr. Strangelove or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb' at IMDb
- Haskins, James; Crothers, Helen (1991). Scatman: An Authorized Biography of Scatman Crothers. W. Morrow. p. 178. ISBN 0688085210.
- Baxter, John (1997). Stanley Kubrick: A Biography. Basic Books. p. 315. ISBN 0786704853.
- https://www.discogs.com/Slim-Pickens-Slim-Pickens/master/779993 Slim Pickens
- "That Girl (1966): Nobody Here But Us Chickens". TV.com.
- "Slim Pickens". National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
- "Slim Pickens". National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
- Vicroy, Kevin. "Slim Pickens". ProRodeo Hall of Fame and Museum of the American Cowboy. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
- "Hall of Fame Inductees" (PDF). Pendleton Round-Up and Happy Canyon. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
- "Inductees". Ellensburg Rodeo Hall of Fame. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
- "Margaret Elizabeth Lindley". GENI. Retrieved June 20, 2015.