Slingsby Petrel

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Petrel
Slingsby T.13 Petrel 'BGA651' (G-ALPP) (19640860818).jpg
Slingsby Petrel 'BGA651' at the 2015 'Best of British' flying evening, Old Warden
Role Competition sailplane
National origin United Kingdom
Manufacturer Slingsby Sailplanes Ltd.
First flight December 1938
Number built 3

The Slingsby T.13 Petrel was a British single-seat competition glider built by Slingsby Sailplanes just before World War II.

Development[edit]

The Slingsby Petrel was a development of the German Schleicher Rhönadler designed by Hans Jacobs. It was a single-seat high-performance sailplane with a span of a little under 18 metres, built of wood with a mixture of plywood and fabric covering. It had high cantilever gull wings, though the inner section dihedral was modest. They carried straight taper to fine and rounded tips and ailerons that extended over more than half the span. There were neither flaps nor airbrakes.[1]

The fuselage had its maximum diameter near the nose, where the long, multipiece canopy blended in smoothly, ending at the wing leading edge. Behind the wings the fuselage tapered and became slender at the tail. The fin and the tailpane were both small in area; the rudder was large, aerodynamically balanced and extended down to the keel. The elevators were tapered, with a cut out for rudder movement. The undercarriage consisted of just a main skid from below the front of the cockpit glazing to mid chord plus a tail bumper.[1]

Operational history[edit]

The Petrel prototype first flew in December 1938. This aircraft crashed at Camphill, Derbyshire in the British National Championships of July 1939, killing its pilot, the speedway rider Frank Charles. Two more were built and flew for several decades after World War II with clubs in England and Ireland.[2] One of them was a competitor at the 1953 British National Championships, held again at Camphill, by then known as Great Hucklow, after being bowled over in transit by a Rotherham trolley-bus.[3]

Survivors[edit]

Only one Petrel, BGA651, the final aircraft, remains airworthy in 2013. It was restored by its owner, Graham Saw. It flies regularly at Vintage Glider Club meetings and has been displayed at Old Warden on Shuttleworth Collection open days.[4]

Another, BGA418, has been restored and is on display, at the Western Antique Aeroplane and Automobile Museum (WAAAM) in Hood River, Oregon, United States.[4]

Specifications[edit]

Data from Ellison 1971, p. 183 The World's Sailplanes:Die Segelflugzeuge der Welt:Les Planeurs du Monde[5]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 23 ft 9 in (7.25 m)
  • Wingspan: 56 ft 11 in (17.34 m)
  • Wing area: 180.0 sq ft (16.72 m2)
  • Aspect ratio: 17.9
  • Airfoil: Göttingen 535
  • Empty weight: 440 lb (199.5 kg) equipped
  • Max takeoff weight: 638 lb (289.5 kg)

Performance

  • g limits: +6
  • Maximum glide ratio: 27 at 42 mph (67.6 km/h; 36.5 kn)
  • Rate of sink: 106 ft/min (0.54 m/s) minimum, at 35 mph (56.3 km/h; 30.4 kn)
  • Wing loading: 3.6 lb/sq ft (17.5 kg/m2)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ellison 1971, p. 183
  2. ^ Ellison 1971, pp. 258–9
  3. ^ 1953 National Gliding Championships
  4. ^ a b Glyn Bradney (March 2014). "Guide to wooden sailplanes built by Slingsby's" (PDF). Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  5. ^ Shenstone, B.S.; K.G. Wilkinson; Peter Brooks (1958). The World's Sailplanes:Die Segelflugzeuge der Welt:Les Planeurs dans Le Monde (in English, French, and German) (1st ed.). Zurich: Organisation Scientifique et Technique Internationale du Vol a Voile (OSTIV) and Schweizer Aero-Revue. pp. 120–125.

References[edit]

  • Ellison, Norman (1971). British Gliders and Sailplanes. London: A & C Black Ltd. ISBN 978-0-7136-1189-2.

External links[edit]