Sloane Square tube station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sloane Square London Underground
Sloane Square stn entrance.JPG
Entrance on Sloane Square
Sloane Square is located in Central London
Sloane Square
Sloane Square
Location of Sloane Square in Central London
Location Sloane Square
Local authority Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013 Increase 16.56 million[1]
2014 Increase 16.76 million[1]
2015 Increase 17.20 million[1]
2016 Decrease 17.15 million[1]
2017 Increase 17.23 million[1]
Key dates
1868 Opened (DR)
1872 Started "Outer Circle" (LNWR)
1872 Started "Middle Circle" (GWR)
1900 Ended "Middle Circle"
1908 Ended "Outer Circle"
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
WGS84 51°29′33″N 0°09′24″W / 51.4925°N 0.1566°W / 51.4925; -0.1566Coordinates: 51°29′33″N 0°09′24″W / 51.4925°N 0.1566°W / 51.4925; -0.1566
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

Sloane Square is a London Underground station in Sloane Square (Chelsea, district of The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea). It is served by the District and Circle lines, between South Kensington and Victoria stations and is in Travelcard Zone 1.[2]

The entrance to the station is on the east side of Sloane Square (A3217). It is adjacent to the Royal Court Theatre and is the nearest station for Kings Road shopping, the Peter Jones department store and the Cadogan Hall.[3]

History[edit]

Plan of Sloane Square station, Sloane Square and surrounding streets, as they were in 1888.

The station was opened on 24 December 1868 by the District Railway (DR, now the District line) when the company opened the first section of its line between South Kensington and Westminster stations.[4]

The River Westbourne, one of London's many subterranean rivers, flows above the station in a large iron conduit.

The construction of the station was complicated by the crossing of the site by the River Westbourne which ran through Hyde Park as the Serpentine Lake and was originally crossed by the Knight's Bridge at Knightsbridge. The river was carried above the platform in a large iron pipe suspended from girders. It remains in place today.[5]

The DR connected to the Metropolitan Railway (MR, later the Metropolitan line) at South Kensington and, although the two companies were rivals, each company operated its trains over the others tracks in a joint service known as the "Inner Circle".

On 1 February 1872, the DR opened a northbound branch from its station at Earl's Court to connect to the West London Extension Joint Railway (WLEJR, now the West London Line) to which it connected at Addison Road (now Kensington (Olympia)). From that date the "Outer Circle" service began running over the DR's tracks.[6] The service was run by the London and North Western Railway (LNWR) from Broad Street (now demolished) in the City of London via the North London Line to Willesden Junction, then the West London Line to Addison Road. From Addison Road it ran over DR tracks to Mansion House.[6]

From 1 August 1872, the "Middle Circle" service also began operations through Sloane Square running from Moorgate along the MR's tracks on the north side of the Inner Circle to Paddington then over the Hammersmith & City Railway (H&CR) track to Latimer Road then, via a now demolished link, to the West London Line to Addison Road and the DR to Mansion House. The service was operated by the Great Western Railway.[7]

On 30 June 1900, the Middle Circle service was withdrawn between Earl's Court and Mansion House.[8] On 31 December 1908 the Outer Circle service was also withdrawn.[8]

In the late 1930s, the station building was rebuilt in the modern style and escalators were installed between the ticket hall and the platforms. The new station building did not last long as it was mostly destroyed during World War II. A German bomb that fell in November 1940 killed 37 and injured 79 passengers on a train[9] in the station and destroyed the ticket hall, escalators and the glazed roof over the tracks.

In 1949, the Metropolitan line operated Inner Circle route was given its own identity on the tube map as the Circle line. By 1951 the station had been rebuilt again in a similar style to the 1930s building. The arched glass roof was not replaced and the current station does not have the light open atmosphere of the original. The office building above the station entrance is a later addition.

The Hole in the Wall pub on the eastbound platform existed from 1868 to 1985. [10]

Incidents and Accidents[edit]

On 5 April 1960, Peter Llewelyn Davies, one of the Llewelyn Davies boys who were the inspiration for the boy characters of J. M. Barrie's Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up, and who resented the public association with the character named after him, committed suicide by throwing himself under a train as it was pulling into the station.[11]

On 26 December 1973, a terrorist bomb exploded in the telephone kiosk in the booking office. No one was injured.[12]

Former Chelsea-Hackney line Proposal[edit]

Sloane Square was considered as a potential station on the long-proposed Chelsea-Hackney line which has been absorbed into plans for Crossrail 2. The station is no longer on the planned route.[13]

Connections[edit]

London Bus routes 11, 19, 22, 137, 211, 319, 360, 452 and C1,[14] and night routes N11, N19, N22 and N137[15] serve the station.[16]

In literature[edit]

Sloane Square is one of two tube stations (the other being South Kensington) mentioned in the song "When you're lying awake" from the operetta Iolanthe by Gilbert and Sullivan.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  2. ^ Transport for London (December 2017). Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 January 2018.
  3. ^ Google Maps - Sloane Square Tube Station
  4. ^ Rose 1999.
  5. ^ Jones, Ian. "69. The river over Sloane Square". 150 Great Things About the Underground. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
  6. ^ a b Horne 2006, p. 15.
  7. ^ Bruce 1983, p. 11.
  8. ^ a b Lee 1956, p. 29.
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ "A history of Pubs on the London Underground". IanVisits. December 25, 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  11. ^ Birkin, Andrew, J. M. Barrie and the Lost Boys, Yale University Press
  12. ^ Terrorist Attacks on the London Underground Archived 13 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ "Citizen Space - Crossrail 2 - October 2015". Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  14. ^ "Buses from Sloane Square" (PDF). Transport for London. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  15. ^ "Night buses from Sloane Square" (PDF). Transport for London. January 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  16. ^ Sloane Square Underground Station - Bus
  17. ^ "When You're Lying Awake (lyrics)". Boise State University. Retrieved 4 February 2016.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bruce, J Graeme (1983). Steam to Silver. A history of London Transport Surface Rolling Stock. Capital Transport. ISBN 0-904711-45-5.
  • Horne, Mike (2006). The District Line. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-292-5.
  • Lee, Charles E. (1956). The Metropolitan District Railway. The Oakwood Press. ASIN B0000CJGHS.
  • Rose, Douglas (1999) [1980]. The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History (7th ed.). Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4.

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Edgware Road
Circle line
towards Hammersmith (via Tower Hill)
District line
towards Upminster
  Abandoned Development  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Wimbledon
Chelsea-Hackney line
towards Epping