Moravian Slovakia (Czech: Slovácko) or Slovácko is a cultural region in the southeastern part of the Czech Republic, Moravia on the border with Slovakia (Czech: Slovensko) and Austria, known for its characteristic folklore, music, wine, costumes and traditions. The area forms part of both the Zlín and South Moravian administrative regions.
Its most important center is the town of Uherské Hradiště which is located on the Morava River. Other important population centers include Uherský Brod, Břeclav, Hodonín, Strážnice and Kyjov. In the 9th century the region of Moravian Slovakia was the centre of the Great Moravian empire.
Native Moravians speak Moravian dialects of the Czech language, and the dialects native to this region are influenced by neighboring Slovak speakers, hence the name "Moravian Slovakia." Due to these cultural and linguistic links to Slovakia, many ethnographers until the 20th century used to consider Moravian Slovaks as a people which politically belonged to Moravia and the Bohemian Crown but ethnographically and culturally to the Slovak ethnic group. Historically, there were also significant numbers of German speakers who also influenced local speech.
- Thomas G. Masaryk – philosopher, president of Czechoslovakia
- Jan Černý – president of Moravia, PM of Czechoslovakia
- John Amos Comenius – philosopher, founder of modern education, bishop of the Bohemian Brethren
- František Peřina – general, RAF ace
- Francis I, Prince of Liechtenstein – ruling monarch
- John II, Prince of Liechtenstein – longest ruling monarch of Europe
- Johnston, Jesse A. (2010). "The Cimbál (Cimbalom) and Folk Music in Moravian Slovakia and Valachia". Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society. 36: 78–117.
- Bogatyrev, Petr, Richard G. Crum (1973).The functions of folk costume in Moravian Slovakia. American Antropologist,Volume 75, Issue 6, page 1896.
- Bogatyrev, Petr, (1971).The functions of folk costume in Moravian Slovakia. Mouton.
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