Slovak Soviet Republic

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Slovak Soviet Republic
Slovenská republika rád
Szlovák Tanácsköztársaság

Словацька Радянська Республіка
Puppet state representing the Hungarian Soviet Republic
  Slovak Soviet Republic
Capital Prešov
Government Soviet socialist republic
Chairman of the Revolutionary Government Council Antonín Janoušek
Historical era Interwar period
 •  Proclaimed 16 June 1919
 •  Military intervention 7 July 1919
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Czechoslovak Republic (1918–1938)
Hungarian Soviet Republic
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Czechoslovak Republic (1918–1938)

The Slovak Soviet Republic (Slovak: Slovenská republika rád, Hungarian: Szlovák Tanácsköztársaság, Ukrainian: Словацька Радянська Республіка, literally: "Slovak Republic of Councils") was a short-lived Communist state in southeast Slovakia in existence from 16 June 1919 to 7 July 1919.[1] Its capital city was Prešov and was headed by Czech journalist Antonín Janoušek.

In 1918, Czechoslovak troops began occupying northern Hungary in accordance with the territorial promises that the Triple Entente made to Czechoslovak politicians during World War I. However, Slovakia (Upper Hungary) was occupied by Hungarian troops from the Hungarian Soviet Republic, who set up the Slovak Soviet Republic as a puppet regime. Historian Peter A. Toma argues that Slovakia lacked the prerequisites for a serious revolutionary movement. What did happen was orchestrated by Hungarians living there. Most Hungarians soon turned against the radicalism of the movement. A Slovak Social Democrats led the opposition to the Bolsheviks. The puppet state that briefly existed closely imitated the parent Hungarian Soviet Republic and made little provision for distinctly Slovak needs and characteristics.[2]

Following a brief war between Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Romania, Slovakia was incorporated into Czechoslovakia.

Proclamation of the Slovak Soviet Republic in Prešov

See also[edit]


  1. ^ World - Slovakia
  2. ^ Peter A. Toma, "The Slovak Soviet Republic of 1919," American Slavic & East European Review (1958) 17#2 pp 203-215.

Further reading[edit]

  • Toma, Peter A. "The Slovak Soviet Republic of 1919" American Slavic & East European Review (1958) 17#2 pp 203-215.