Slovak Soviet Republic
|Slovak Soviet Republic|
|Slovenská republika rád
Словацька Радянська Республіка
|Puppet state representing the Hungarian Soviet Republic and the Ukrainian SSR|
Slovak Soviet Republic
|Government||Soviet socialist republic|
|Chairman of the Revolutionary Government Council||Antonín Janoušek|
|Historical era||Interwar period|
|•||Proclaimed||16 June 1919|
|•||Military intervention||7 July 1919|
The Slovak Soviet Republic (Slovak: Slovenská republika rád, Hungarian: Szlovák Tanácsköztársaság, Ukrainian: Словацька Радянська Республіка, literally: "Slovak Republic of Councils" - the name originated before the Russian word "Soviet" (council) became widespread in Slovak and other languages include Hungarian and Ukrainian) comprised a very short-lived Communist state in southeast Slovakia from 16 June to 7 July 1919 with its capital city in Prešov. It was headed by the Czech journalist Antonín Janoušek.
In 1918, Czechoslovak troops began occupying northern Hungary in accordance with the territorial promises that the Triple Entente made to Czechoslovak politicians during World War I. However, Slovakia (Upper Hungary) was occupied by Hungarian troops from the Hungarian Soviet Republic, who set up the Slovak Soviet Republic as a puppet regime. Historian Peter A. Toma argues that Slovakia lacked the prerequisites for a serious revolutionary movement. What did happen was orchestrated by Hungarians living there. Most Hungarians soon turned against the radicalism of the movement. A Slovak Social Democrats led the opposition to the Bolsheviks. The puppet state that briefly existed closely imitated the parent Hungarian Soviet Republic and made little provision for distinctly Slovak needs and characteristics.
Following a brief war between Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Romania, Slovakia was incorporated into Czechoslovakia.
- Hungarian Soviet Republic (Councils Republic of Hungary)
- Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
- German Revolution of 1918–1919
- Spartacist uprising
- World Statesmen.org - Slovakia
- Peter A. Toma, "The Slovak Soviet Republic of 1919," American Slavic & East European Review (1958) 17#2 pp 203-215.
- Toma, Peter A. "The Slovak Soviet Republic of 1919" American Slavic & East European Review (1958) 17#2 pp 203-215.
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